In an article published online August 29, 2005, in the Annals of Neurology (www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/ana), researchers now report the first objective measurement of the brain deficit in congenital amusia.
The findings may have implications both for amusia and for speech learning disabilities, according to lead study author Isabelle Peretz, Ph.D., of the University of Montreal.
Peretz and collaborators at the University of Helsinki assessed brain cell responses to tones across different brain areas using electroencephalography (EEG).
Compared to control subjects, people with congenital amusia show abnormal brain activity in the right half of the brain, consistent with earlier findings by Peretz's group and others.
It may be possible to compensate for amusia by training pitch discrimination abilities. "However, it is likely that the intervention will only be effective in a 'plastic' brain, in children. We see no sign of improvement in adults," said Peretz.
Amusic adults show a normal range of intelligence and have no other brain deficits. They get little payoff from pitch training and typically find it annoying. Their performance on tests of pitch may even decrease with continued testing.
There is greater hope for children, especially since an understanding of amusia may have broader implications. Researchers believe that congenital amusia has similarities with dyslexia and related disorders.
"Our findings should contribute to understanding the origins of learning disorders - the genetic causes and their neural consequences," said Peretz.
Article: "Abnormal Electrical Brain Responses to Pitch in Congenital Amusia," Isabelle Peretz, Elvira Brattico, and Mari Tervaniemi; Annals of Neurology; Published Online: August 29, 2005 (DOI: 10.1002/ana.20606). Article is available via Wiley InterScience at www.interscience.wiley.com/journal/ana.
The Annals of Neurology, the preeminent neurological journal worldwide, is published by the American Neurological Association, the world's oldest and most prestigious neurological association. The 1,500 members of the ANA--selected from among the most respected academic neurologists and neuroscientists in North America and other countries--are devoted to furthering the understanding and treatment of nervous system disorders. For more information, visit www.aneuroa.org.