Philadelphia, PA, October 23, 2008 - We are all familiar with the question - "Are you a man or a mouse?" What if the answer is "a little of both"? Because of the power of molecular genetics research in animals and the maturation of animal models, the path to identifying genes involved in particular types of behavior, such as fear, is much clearer in animals than in humans. There is new evidence that the genes implicated in these animal models may be directly applicable to humans.
A new genetic association study, appearing in the October 15th issue of Biological Psychiatry, evaluated genes that may be associated with the risk for human anxiety disorders. The scientists utilized a cross-species approach and tested 13 human homologs of genes that had previously shown to be differentially expressed in mouse strains that differed in their innate anxiety levels. The authors then studied groups of humans with anxiety disorders and found some evidence of association among six of these genes and particular anxiety disorders. The strongest associations were between variation in ALAD with risk for social phobia, DYNLL2 with risk for generalized anxiety disorder, and PSAP with risk for panic disorder.
John H. Krystal, M.D., Editor of Biological Psychiatry and affiliated with both Yale University School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System, comments, "This intriguing study by Donner and colleagues harnesses the power of the animal models to guide the search for genes that contribute to the risk for human anxiety disorders. This process led to a number of interesting candidates for future study."
Corresponding author Iiris Hovatta, Ph.D., further explains, "We found gene variants that seem to specifically predispose to certain anxiety disorder types, such as panic disorder, social phobia or generalized anxiety disorder. These findings give us an excellent starting point to investigate their molecular function in the brain and how the proteins coded by these genes regulate anxiety."
These findings still need to be replicated, and further research will be necessary to understand the extent that these specific genetic variants play in predisposing one to developing an anxiety disorder. However, as the authors conclude in their article, "Nevertheless, our results illustrate the potential utility of cross-species approaches in the identification of susceptibility genes for human psychiatric disorders."
Notes to Editors:
The article is "An Association Analysis of Murine Anxiety Genes in Humans Implicates Novel Candidate Genes for Anxiety Disorders" by Jonas Donner, Sami Pirkola, Kaisa Silander, Laura Kananen, Joseph D. Terwilliger, Jouko Lönnqvist, Leena Peltonen, and Iiris Hovatta. Authors Donner, Kananen, and Hovatta are affiliated with the Research Program of Molecular Neurology, Biomedicum Helsinki, Finland. Donner, Kananen, and Hovatta are also, along with Peltonen, from the Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Finland. Donner, Kananen, Peltonen, and Hovatta are also, along with Silander, affiliated with the Department of Molecular Medicine, National Public Health Institute and FIMM, Institute of Molecular Medicine Finland, Helsinki, Finland. Pirkola, Lönnqvist, and Hovatta are with the Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, Helsinki, Finland. Pirkola and Lönnqvist are also from the Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland. Terwilliger is affiliated with the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; the Department of Genetics and Development and the Department of Psychiatry, Columbia Genome Center, Columbia University, New York, New York; and, the Division of Medical Genetics, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York. Peltonen is also affiliated with The Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, Massachusetts and the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, United Kingdom. The article appears in Biological Psychiatry, Volume 64, Issue 8 (October 15, 2008), published by Elsevier.
The authors' disclosures of financial and conflicts of interests are available in the article. Dr. Krystal's disclosures of financial and conflicts of interests are available here (http://journals.
Full text of the article mentioned above is available upon request. Contact Jayne M. Dawkins at (215) 239-3674 or firstname.lastname@example.org to obtain a copy or to schedule an interview.
About Biological Psychiatry
This international rapid-publication journal is the official journal of the Society of Biological Psychiatry. It covers a broad range of topics in psychiatric neuroscience and therapeutics. Both basic and clinical contributions are encouraged from all disciplines and research areas relevant to the pathophysiology and treatment of major neuropsychiatric disorders. Full-length and Brief Reports of novel results, Commentaries, Case Studies of unusual significance, and Correspondence and Comments judged to be of high impact to the field are published, particularly those addressing genetic and environmental risk factors, neural circuitry and neurochemistry, and important new therapeutic approaches. Concise Reviews and Editorials that focus on topics of current research and interest are also published rapidly.
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