[ Back to EurekAlert! ] Public release date: 7-Jul-2011
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Contact: Ulla Bredberg
pressinfo@ki.se
Karolinska Institutet

Unexpected cell repairs the injured spinal cord

Lesions to the brain or spinal cord rarely heal fully, which leads to permanent functional impairment. After injury to the central nervous system (CNS), neurons are lost and largely replaced by a scar often referred to as the glial scar based on its abundance of supporting glial cells. Although this process has been known to science for over a century, the function of the scar tissue has long been disputed. However, there are indications that it stabilizes the tissue and that it inhibits the re-growth of damaged nerve fibres.

In this present study, Professor Jonas Frisén and his team of researchers show that the majority of scar cells in the damaged spinal cord are not glial cells at all, but derive from pericytes, a small group of cells located along blood vessels. They reveal that these pericytes start to divide after an injury, giving rise to a mass of connective tissue cells that migrate towards the lesion to form a large portion of the scar tissue. Their paper also shows that these cells are needed to regain the tissue integrity, and that in the absence of this reaction, holes appear in the tissue instead of scarring.

For many years, scientists have tried to modulate scar formation after CNS damage in order to facilitate functional recovery, and have concentrated on glial cells. However, these new findings indicate a critical and previously unknown mechanism for scar formation following damage to the nerve system, and give reason for further investigation into whether the modulation of pericytes after CNS injury can stimulate functional recovery.

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Publication: "A pericyte origin of spinal cord scar tissue", C. Göritz, D. Dias, N. Tomilin, M. Barbacid, O. Shupliakov, J. Frisén, Science online 7 July 2011.

Journal website: http://www.sciencemag.org/

For further information, contact:

Professor Jonas Frisén
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology
Tel: +46 (0)8-524 875 62 or +46 (0)70-445 11 42
Email: Jonas.Frisen@ki.se

Dr Christian Göritz, PhD (medicine)
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology
Tel: +46 (0)8-524 874 64 or +46 (0)76-297 38 05
Email: Christian.Goeritz@ki.se

Contact the Press Office: http://ki.se/pressroom

Karolinska Institutet is one of the world's leading medical universities. It accounts for over 40 per cent of the medical academic research conducted in Sweden and offers the country's broadest range of education in medicine and health sciences. Since 1901 the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has selected the Nobel laureates in Physiology or Medicine.



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