CAMBRIDGE, Mass., − The Forsyth Institute announced today that it will receive a tuberculosis (TB) biomarkers grant through the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's Grand Challenges in Global Health program, an initiative which seeks to overcome persistent bottlenecks in creating new tools that can radically improve health in the developing world. Antonio Campos-Neto, MD, PhD, Head of the Global Infectious Disease Research Center at Forsyth will pursue an innovative research project to identify and validate TB biomarkers, titled "Validation of the diagnostic utility of Mtb protein biomarkers found in urine of TB patients".
The Grand Challenges TB biomarkers program provides funding for groundbreaking research into TB biomarkers for the development of a low-cost, simple to use tool that can quickly and accurately diagnose TB in developing countries.
"There is an urgent need to break through barriers in biomarker research in order to develop a highly-sensitive point-of-care diagnostic to improve identification of active TB cases," said Chris Wilson, Director of Global Health Discovery at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. "We hope these innovative ideas lead to effective and affordable TB diagnostics that can make an impact on one of the world's deadliest infectious diseases."
Dr. Campos-Neto's project is one of ten Grand Challenges TB biomarkers grants announced today.
Dr. Campos-Neto is working on the development of an antigen detection assay for the diagnosis of TB based on a single urine sample. His research focuses on the diagnosis of active TB through a technique that could be similar to a simple home-pregnancy test. Current diagnostic tests for TB have several shortcomings. Traditional TB tests focus on the direct identification of the infectious agent in the sputum of patients with active disease, which typically occurs when the patient presents with a persistent cough. These tests have limited sensitivity and are time-consuming, in some cases requiring up to six weeks to collect and examine samples. The test that Dr. Campos-Neto hopes to develop will overcome the challenges of existing tests and will accurately diagnose active TB.
The immediate goal of the project is to validate seven proteins of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the agent of TB) as biomarkers of active disease. This work will be done in collaboration with Dr. David Duffy, Quanterix Corp, Cambridge, Mass., and Dr. Nira Pollock, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Mass.
About Grand Challenges in Global Health
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation recognizes that solving our greatest global health issues is a long-term effort. Through Grand Challenges in Global Health, the foundation is committed to seeking out and rewarding not only established researchers in science and technology, but also young investigators, entrepreneurs and innovators to help expand the pipeline of ideas to fight diseases that claim millions of lives each year. We anticipate that additional grants will be awarded through the Grand Challenges program in the future.
The Forsyth Institute is the world's leading independent organization dedicated to scientific research, community care and education in oral health and related biomedical sciences. Established in 1910 Forsyth's goal is to lead the discovery, communication and application of breakthroughs in oral and overall health and disease prevention that will significantly improve the health and well-being of the nation and the world. For more information about Forsyth visit its website at www.forsyth.org.
AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert! system.