Scientists say they have identified five eating patterns for U.S. adults that are strongly influenced by age, race, region, gender, income and education.
Presenting their findings at the American Heart Association's Epidemiology and Prevention/Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism 2012 Scientific Sessions, the scientists said the five dietary patterns are:
They based the patterns on results of food frequency questionnaires of 21,636 black and white adults ages 45 and older. This 110-food-item questionnaire was designed to estimate the usual and customary intake of a wide array of nutrients and food groups.
"We believe focusing research on dietary patterns better represents how people eat, compared to single foods or nutrients," said Suzanne Judd, Ph.D., study author and assistant professor of biostatistics at the University of Alabama-Birmingham.
The researchers also found clear differences in dietary patterns across demographic and socioeconomic groups:
"We hope that understanding these patterns will be informative in understanding the role of diet in health and disease disparities," Judd said.
Co-authors are Abraham J. Letter, M.S.; James M. Shikany, Dr.P.H.; David L. Roth, Ph.D.; and P. K. Newby, Sc.D., M.P.H. Author disclosures are on the abstract. The National Institutes of Health and General Mills funded the study.
Statements and conclusions of study authors that are presented at American Heart Association scientific meetings are solely those of the study authors and do not necessarily reflect association policy or position. The association makes no representation or warranty as to their accuracy or reliability. The association receives funding primarily from individuals; foundations and corporations (including pharmaceutical, device manufacturers and other companies) also make donations and fund specific association programs and events. The association has strict policies to prevent these relationships from influencing science content. Revenues from pharmaceutical and device corporations are available at www.heart.org/corporatefunding.
NR12-1041 (Epi/NPAM 2012/Letter-Judd)
Note: Actual presentation is 5 p.m.PT/8 p.m.ET, Tuesday, March 13, 2012.
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