Washington, DC (June 14, 2012) — Among patients with moderate to advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD), homeless people experience higher rates of premature death and kidney failure, and they use emergency services much more often than impoverished peers with stable housing, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (CJASN). The findings indicate that greater efforts are needed to address the unmet needs of homeless patients with CKD and other chronic conditions to improve their health and reduce public costs.
Approximately 3.5 million people are homeless each year in the United States. Like many disadvantaged and vulnerable groups, homeless people experience numerous barriers to obtaining appropriate and effective medical care.
While homeless people's elusive nature can make it difficult to get an accurate look at their health, Yoshio Hall, MD (University of Washington, Seattle) and his colleagues now provide a rare glimpse. The researchers analyzed the medical records of 15,343 adults with moderate to advanced CKD who received outpatient care from 1996 to 2005 from the Community Health Network, a large safety net healthcare provider run by the City and County of San Francisco; 858 of these (6%) were homeless.
Compared with poor adult patients with stable housing:
"Sadly, for most homeless persons, securing adequate shelter, food, and clothing often competes with regular healthcare and results in more frequent use of costly acute care services to manage chronic conditions," said Dr. Hall. "Use of these acute care services might actually decline among the homeless when services such as transportation, social work, nutrition, and healthcare provider access become available following dialysis initiation." Additional research is needed to see if such support services actually help homeless people receive appropriate and effective medical care, improve their health, and ultimately reduce public costs.
Study co-authors include Andy Choi, MD (University of California San Francisco); Jonathan Himmelfarb, MD (University of Washington, Seattle); Glenn Chertow, MD (Stanford University School of Medicine); and Andrew Bindman, MD (University of California San Francisco and San Francisco General Hospital).
Disclosures: Dr. Hall receives research support from Satellite Healthcare's Norman Coplon extramural grant program. Dr. Chertow is a member of the Board of Directors of Satellite Healthcare and the Scientific Advisory Board of DaVita, Inc. and has consulted for Amgen, Inc. The authors dedicate their manuscript to their late colleague, Dr. Andy Choi, who devoted his research to improving the health of society's most vulnerable populations.
The article, entitled "Homelessness and Chronic Kidney Disease: A cohort Study," will appear online at http://cjasn.asnjournals.org/ on June 14, 2012, doi: 10.2215/CJN.00060112.
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