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Contact: Dimple Natali
European Association for the Study of the Liver
NASH diagnosis set to improve with non-invasive tool
- A Chinese study presented at the International Liver CongressTM 2013 has demonstrated the
accuracy of a non-invasive test for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) diagnosis.
- Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver disease (NAFLD) comprises two groups of patients; one group with
simple steatosis which is relatively benign and one group with NASH which may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Up to now the only means of distinguishing the two was to perform a liver biopsy. Phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS), which allows non-invasive in vivo assessment of hepatocellular metabolism, was proven to show potential to distinguish the type of NAFLD.
- The accuracy of the imaging technique could improve clinical procedures and enhance patient
experience compared to the discomfort and risk of undergoing the 'gold standard' test (liver biopsy) currently used for diagnosing NAFLD. These results will now need to be prospectively confirmed in independent cohorts.
- NASH is a more advanced form of NAFLD and its incidence and prevalence is rising. Although
CT and ultrasound scans are potential diagnostic tools for NAFLD, currently only liver biopsy can confirm whether the simpler NAFLD is present or whether the more serious NASH has developed.
- Using 31PMRS, the liver metabolite changes from 132 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD were obtained and the diagnostic performance of 31P-MRS for NASH was determined.
- 31P-MRS shows distinct alterations in ATP and PDE levels which are concordant with putative mechanisms in the progression of NAFLD. 31P-MRS shows fair diagnostic accuracy for NAFLD compared with liver biopsy, and using certain thresholds can be considered a reliable diagnostic tool for NASH.
1 Abrigo, J. PHOSPHORUS MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY IN NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE. Abstract #1600 presented at the International Liver CongressTM 2013
2 Clark JM. The epidemiology of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in adults. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2006 Mar; 40(3 Suppl 1): S5-10
3 Fatty Liver. Medicine Net. Available at http://www.medicinenet.com/fatty_liver/page4.htm accessed 27.03.13
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