Recently, research using adoptive T-cell immunotherapy in blood cancers have shown success, most notably in the case of a seven-year-old girl whose leukemia went into remission using altered T-cells and a disabled HIV virus. Now, two of the pediatric cancer scientists involved in the T-cell/HIV study will develop a new experimental cancer immunotherapy treatment option for children with high-risk solid tumors based on the same novel approach that uses a patient's own T-cells to attack tumor cells.
Researchers at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, the University of Pennsylvania, and the Primary Children's Medical Center of Salt Lake City received a $550,000 collaborative grant to test next generation T-cell immunotherapy strategies in children with neuroblastoma, a solid tumor with poor prognosis that is responsible for 15% of all childhood cancer deaths. The awardees were selected within a rigorous peer-review process through a new initiative called ACT FAST (Adoptive Cell Therapy For Adolescent/pediatric Solid Tumor), which is spearheaded by Solving Kids' Cancer. ACT FAST aims to fast-track promising research into a clinical trial within one year of the award through a collaborative team of researchers.
"Only a handful of cancer centers in the world have the capabilities and the infrastructure to implement adoptive cell therapy," said Scott Kennedy, the Executive Director of Solving Kids' Cancer. "Our goal in bringing together these researchers and institutions was to harness their collective power in bringing faster cures to kids with neuroblastoma."
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Society for the Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) provided strategic counsel and expert review of the grant award, which was jointly funded by Solving Kids' Cancer, the Pierce Phillips Charity, and the Catherine Elizabeth Blair Memorial Foundation.
The clinical trial will be the first to use transiently modified T-cells in children with neuroblastoma and is estimated to open before the end of the year. Stephan Grupp, M.D., Ph.D., Professor of Pediatrics at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, will direct the trial in collaboration with Michael Pulsipher, M.D., Professor of Pediatrics at the Primary Children's Medical Center/University of Utah, and Carl June, M.D., the Director of Translational Research at the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, who led the altered T-cell/HIV study.
Today, children with relapsed high-risk neuroblastoma have little or no options to cure their disease through traditional methods, including chemotherapy, surgery and radiation. Early clinical studies utilizing cancer immunotherapies such as modified T-cells have demonstrated initial success and promising potential as more effective treatment options in some blood cancers, including chronic myelogenous leukemia in adults and acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children.
"The ACT FAST initiative aims to bring the newest engineered T cell therapies to pediatric solid tumors. The ACT FAST approach is rigorous, highly focused and intensely translational. By collaborating with pediatric physician-scientists across institutions through ACT FAST, we will not only be able to advance research into engineered T-cell treatments, but just as importantly, offer cutting-edge cancer immunotherapy clinical trial options rapidly to children whose cancer recurs or resists current treatment," said Dr. Grupp.
About ACT FAST
The ACT FAST initiative is conceived and funded by three pediatric cancer charities, Solving Kids' Cancer, the Pierce Phillips Charity, and the Catherine Elizabeth Blair Memorial Foundation to prioritize collaboration and expediency in creating clinical trials that incorporate Adoptive Cell Therapy strategies to treat, control and prevent the recurrence of cancer in children. Strategic assistance and expert review were provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Society for the Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC).
Solving Kids' Cancer
Created by two fathers who lost children to pediatric cancer, Solving Kids' Cancer is committed to significantly improving survivorship of the deadliest childhood cancers. 100% of all donations are used to find, fund, and manage clinical trials and scientific programs to rapidly develop more effective and less toxic treatments. Solving Kids' Cancer is a 501(c)(3) public charity. To learn more, please visit http://www.SolvingKidsCancer.org.
Pierce Phillips Charity
The Pierce Phillips Charity was founded in loving memory of our son, Pierce Alexander in June 2011. Our mission is devoted to the eradication of pediatric cancer through funding research and to improving the lives of the children and their families who are battling this disease. For more information, please visit Piercephillipscharity.org.
Catherine Elizabeth Blair Memorial Foundation
Founded after Catherine Elizabeth Blair lost her fight to neuroblastoma in 2011 at age 8, the focus is on research and treatment. New treatments must be developed that are less toxic and less painful for children, and still effective at annihilating the disease. http://www.blairfoundation.org
About the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer
Founded in 1984, the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer is a non-profit organization of nearly 600 clinicians, researchers, students, post-doctoral fellows, regulators, industry personnel, academicians and allied health professionals dedicated to improving cancer patient outcomes by advancing the science, development and application of cancer immunotherapy through their core values of interaction/integration, innovation, translation and leadership in the field. For more information about SITC, please visit the Society website at http://www.sitcancer.org.
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