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PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:
5-Dec-2013

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Nutrition experts explore dietary approaches that influence type 2 diabetes risk

Egg Nutrition Center convenes researchers to advance the understanding of protein's role in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes

Park Ridge, Ill. (December 5, 2013) Nearly 26 million Americans have diabetes, costing an economically devastating $245 billion per year in medical costs. Projections suggest one in three Americans will have diabetes in 2050 if present trends continue.1 To help shed light on the role of diet in the prevention and management of diabetes and diabetes-related risk factors, the Egg Nutrition Center (ENC) convened a group of internationally-recognized experts today for The Controversial Role of Dietary Protein in Diabetes and Related Disorders Satellite Symposium in conjunction with the American Society for Nutrition's Advances & Controversies in Clinical Nutrition.

Experts discussed new research that points to the benefits of increased dietary protein for improving type 2 diabetes risk factors. "Nutrient-rich eggs are one of the most affordable sources of high quality protein," says Mitch Kanter, PhD, Executive Director at the Egg Nutrition Center. "By bringing together leading researchers and clinicians, we hope to shed more light on macronutrients' impact on diabetes and the role protein may play in managing this staggering epidemic."

Highlights from the Symposium included research from Theresa Nicklas, DrPH, Professor of Pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine, that showed meal patterns rich in protein-containing foods, such as eggs, were associated with improvements in risk factors for type 2 diabetes such as body mass index and waist circumference compared to meal patterns high in refined carbohydrates.2,3 Additionally, experts discussed research presented by Barbara Gower, PhD, Professor at the University of Alabama, that showed diets lower in carbohydrate, and specifically refined grains, result in greater insulin sensitivity and reduced deposition of abdominal fat in individuals at high risk for diabetes.4

Historically, recommendations for dietary protein were only based on the structural and functional properties of amino acids. However, new research supports the benefits of incorporating high-quality protein at each meal at the expense of carbohydrates to improve satiety and help with glucose regulation as well as promote a favorable body composition. Given the growing body of scientific evidence and the latest research-based discussions, it is important to recognize the health benefits of consuming high-quality protein throughout the day.

According to Symposium speaker, diabetes educator and dietitian Amy Campbell, "I consistently see better blood glucose control and decreased tendency to over-eat in my patients who incorporate high-quality protein foods into their diets throughout the day. Further, defining the mechanisms behind these results could change the diabetes landscape moving forward."

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For more information on diabetes management and prevention download ENC's Joslin Diabetes Center diabetes teaching handout and patient guide or visit: EggNutritionCenter.org.

About the American Egg Board (AEB)
AEB is the U.S. egg producer's link to the consumer in communicating the value of The incredible edible egg™ and is funded from a national legislative checkoff on all egg production from companies with greater than 75,000 layers, in the continental United States. The board consists of 18 members and 18 alternates from all regions of the country who are appointed by the Secretary of Agriculture. The AEB staff carries out the programs under the board direction. AEB is located in Park Ridge, Ill. Visit http://www.IncredibleEgg.org for more information.

About the Egg Nutrition Center (ENC)
The Egg Nutrition Center (ENC) is the health education and research center of the American Egg Board. Established in 1979, ENC provides science-based information to health promotion agencies, physicians, dietitians, nutritional scientists, media and consumers on issues related to egg nutrition and the role of eggs in the American diet. ENC is located in Park Ridge, IL. Visit http://www.eggnutritioncenter.org or http://www.nutritionunscrambled.org for more information.

References:

1. Fast facts data and statistics about diabetes. Available at: http://professional.diabetes.org/ResourcesForProfessionals.aspx?cid=91777&loc=dorg-statistics. Accessed on November 21, 2013

2. Nicklas TA, O'Neil CE, Fulgoni VL. Diet quality is inversely related to cardiovascular risk factors in adults. J Nutr 2012;142(12):2112-8

3. O'Neil CE, Nicklas TA, Fulgoni VL. Breakfast patterns and their likelihood of increased risk of overweight/obesity and risk factors for metabolic syndrome in adults 19+ years: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2008. JAND 2012; 112(9):A88

4. Gower et al. Glucose metabolism and diet predict changes in adiposity and fat distribution in weight-reduced women. Obesity 2010; 18(8);1532-1537



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