A network of 25 regional stroke centers working with nearby satellite facilities will span the country, have teams of researchers representing every medical specialty needed for stroke care and will address the three prongs of stroke research: prevention, treatment and recovery. The Centers were announced today by the National Institutes of Health.
"The new system is intended to streamline stroke research, by centralizing approval and review, lessening time and costs of clinical trials, and assembling a comprehensive data sharing system," said Petra Kaufmann, M.D., the associate director for clinical research at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).
NINDS, which will fund and manage the NIH Stroke Trials Network, or NIH StrokeNet, has a strong history of successful stroke clinical trials over the past 40 years, leading to some astonishing advances in treatment and prevention of the disease, including the first treatment for acute stroke, announced in 1995.
The 25 centers are strategically placed in every region of the country, (a complete list of centers their principal investigators, and media contacts is below). Successful applicants demonstrated experience in stroke research and recruitment, including the ability to enroll underrepresented populations, and were required to offer access to the full cadre of specialties that are involved in stroke care. These include: emergency medicine, neurosurgery, interventional neuroradiology, vascular neurology, neurointensive care, neuroimaging, stroke rehabilitation and pediatric neurology.
Each center will receive five-year funding, with $200,000 in research costs and $50,000 for training stroke clinical researchers per year over the first three years, and additional funds driven by the completion of milestones. The University of Cincinnati will manage the national clinical coordinating center, which will oversee and coordinate the institutional review board and master trial agreements for all of the regional centers. NIH will announce the award of a national data management center in February.
NIH StrokeNet investigators, working with the broader stroke community, will propose, develop and conduct stroke protocols to be administered within the network and train the future generation of clinical researchers in stroke.
Historically, the model for stroke clinical trials was to complete large teams of personnel and infrastructure, which were then disassembled once the trial was completed. This led to delays in patient recruitment and additional costs when new trials were initiated, with some stroke clinical trials lasting many years longer than anticipated and costing millions of dollars more than the original estimate.
In a 2013 article in Stroke, Story Landis, Ph.D., NINDS director, and co-author Marc Fisher, M.D. write: "Because our ultimate goal is to test and compare therapies that will have a real impact on patient health, a coordinated and long range approach to solving challenges in stroke trial research is sorely needed."
The network concept evolved from an NINDS planning effort in which stroke experts were asked what is most needed to reduce death and disability due to stroke in the United States. They called for a nationwide stroke network that would allow for a more seamless transition between early safety and efficacy trials and Phase II and III clinical trials.
"NIH StrokeNet will allow the most promising therapies to quickly advance to the clinic, to improve prevention, acute treatment, or rehabilitation of the stroke patient," said Walter J. Koroshetz, M.D., NINDS deputy director. "We need to have a balance of approaches to decrease the burden of illness due to stroke."
"Our goal for the NIH Stroke Centers Network is to initiate four to five NINDS-funded exploratory Phase I and II stroke clinical trials, and two to four Phase III trials over the next five years. This is a major challenge which we believe the stroke research community will embrace," said Scott Janis, Ph.D., NINDS program director of the NIH StrokeNet.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, causing brain cells in the immediate area to die because they stop getting oxygen. Stroke can also occur when a vessel breaks and bleeds into the brain. The number of new strokes reported each year is 795,000, making stroke the fourth leading cause of death in the US. Because stroke is age-linked the incidence is expected to rise rapidly in the next decade.
For more information about stroke, please visit: stroke.nih.gov.
NINDS is the nation's leading funder of research on the brain and nervous system. The NINDS mission is to reduce the burden of neurological disease - a burden borne by every age group, by every segment of society, by people all over the world.
About the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NIH, the nation's medical research agency, includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIH is the primary federal agency conducting and supporting basic, clinical, and translational medical research, and is investigating the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases. For more information about NIH and its programs, visit http://www.
The study was funded by the following NINDS grants: (centers) 1U10NS086497-01; 1U10NS086489-01; 1U10NS086513-01; 1U10NS086729-011U10NS086512-01; 1U10NS086607-01; 1U10NS086492-01; 1U10NS086467-01; 1U10NS086494-01; 1U10NS086608-01; 1U10NS086484-01; 1U10NS086728-01; 1U10NS086521-01; 1U10NS086606-01; 1U10NS086496-01; 1U10NS086526-01; 1U10NS086487-01; 1U10NS086535-01; 1U10NS086474-01; 1U10NS086528-01; 1U10NS086531-01; 1U10NS086533-01; 1U10NS086490-01; 1U10NS086525-01; (clinical coordinating center) 1U01 NS086872-01.
NIH StrokeNet Clinical Coordinating Center
University of Cincinnati
PI: Joseph Broderick
NIH StrokeNet Centers
Case Western University
PI: Anthony Furlan
PI: Peter Rasmussen
Emory University School of Medicie
PI: Michael Frankel
Massachusetts General Hospital/Partners HealthCare
PI: Lee Schwamm
Medical University of South Carolina
PI: Edward Jauch
MedStar Health Research Institute, MedStar NRH, Georgetown University
PI: Alex Dromerick
MedStar Health Research Institute, MedStar Washington Hospital Center
PI: Amie Hsia
The New York City Collaborative Regional Coordinating Center
PI: Stanley Tuhrim
PI: Laura Balcer
PI: Bernadette Boden-Albala
PI: Mark Mehler
New York - Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center
PI: Randy Marshall
Karin Eskenazi (Columbia)
Christina Stolfo (NY Presbyterian)
Northwestern University at Chicago
PI: Shyam Prabhakaran
The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
PI: Michel Torbey
PI: Greg Albers
University of California, Los Angeles
PI: Jeff Saver
PI: Gene Sung
University of California, San Diego
PI: Brett Meyer
University of California, San Francisco
PI: Wade Smith
University of Cincinnati
PI: Pooja Khatri
PI: Dawn Kleindorfer
University of Iowa
PI: Enrique Leira
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
PI: Jose Romano
PI: Ralph Sacco
University of Michigan Health System
PI: Phillip Scott
PI: Devin Brown
University of Minnesota
PI: Mustapha Ezzeddine
University of Pennsylvania
PI: Scott Kasner
University of Pittsburgh
PI: Lawrence Wechsler
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
PI: Sean Savitz
UW Medicine, University of Washington
PI: David Tirschwell
University of Wisconsin Madison
PI: Robert Dempsey
Susan Hilts Smith
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
PI: Howard Kirshner
PI: J Mocco