Public Release:  How does Rho-associated protein kinase modulate neurite extension?

Neural Regeneration Research

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IMAGE: This is a Rho-associated protein kinase-regulated microtubule remodeling in rat hippocampus (immunofluorescence staining, scale bars: 10 μm.). After lysophosphatidic acid-treated cultures, inside the neurites, microtubules were arranged in a disorderly... view more

Credit: Neural Regeneration Research

Rho-associated protein kinase is an essential regulator of cytoskeletal dynamics during the process of neurite extension. However, whether Rho kinase regulates microtubule remodeling or the distribution of adhesive proteins to mediate neurite outgrowth remains unclear. By using the ROCK inhibitor, Y-27632, and the agonist, lysophosphatidic acid, Kenen Chen and colleagues from First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University in China observed that neurite outgrowth, microtubule remodeling and vinculin redistribution were tightly regulated by ROCK. They found that lysophosphatidic acid inhibited neurite outgrowth, which could be reversed by Y-27632. Meanwhile, reorganization of microtubules was noticed during these processes, as indicated by their significant changes in the soma and growth cone. These findings, published in the Neural Regeneration Research (Vol. 8, No. 32, 2013), suggest that Rho kinase regulates rat hippocampal neurite growth and microtubule formation via a mechanism associated with the redistribution of vinculin.

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Article: " Rho-associated protein kinase modulates neurite extension by regulating microtubule remodeling and vinculin distribution," by Ke'en Chen1, Wenbin Zhang2, Jing Chen3, Sumei Li3, Guoqing Guo3 (1 Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province, China; 2 Department of Emergency, First Affiliated Hospital of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province, China; 3 Department of Anatomy, Medical College of Jinan University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province, China)

Chen KE, Zhang WB, Chen J, Li SM, Guo GQ. Rho-associated protein kinase modulates neurite extension by regulating microtubule remodeling and vinculin distribution. Neural Regen Res. 2013;8(32):3027-3035.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research
http://www.nrronline.org/

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