Larry Smarr, a physicist whose work at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign on calculating black hole collisions led him to champion a federal commitment to dramatically enhance U.S. computing power – which in turn led to the development of NCSA Mosaic, the precursor to web browsers – was named today as the first 2014 recipient of the Golden Goose Award.
The Golden Goose Award honors researchers whose federally funded research may not have seemed to have significant practical applications at the time it was conducted but has resulted in major economic or other benefits to society.
The announcement was made in Chicago today by Rep. Randy Hultgren (R-IL) during a symposium on the Golden Goose Award led by Rep. Jim Cooper (D-TN) and Rep. Hultgren at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Dr. Smarr today is a Professor of Computer Science and Engineering at the University of California, San Diego, and director of the California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology (Calit2).
At Illinois in the 1980s, Dr. Smarr was conducting gravitational physics research focused on computing the dynamics of black holes in space. The work, supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), required enormous computing power, which at the time was not readily available to academic researchers in the United States, although supercomputers were already being used in open European research labs. Realizing that the U.S. had fallen behind and that he and fellow researchers needed far greater computational power, Dr. Smarr led the first proposal to NSF arguing for the creation of a national supercomputing center housed in an academic setting. This set off a revolution in computational science in academia and industry that continues today.
Upon winning a peer-reviewed national competition he was named director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. At NCSA Dr. Smarr created a software development group to support the application needs of researchers. Two members of that NCSA team, Marc Andreessen and Eric Bina, created Mosaic, the world's first widely used graphical Web browser. The Web browsers computer users have used for two decades, such as Netscape, Internet Explorer, and Firefox, are descendants of Mosaic, and today virtually every consumer computing device that accesses information, from smartphones to televisions, from tablets to automobiles, contains a graphical web browser.
Representative Jim Cooper (D-TN) first proposed the Golden Goose Award when the late Senator William Proxmire (D-WI) was issuing the Golden Fleece Award to target wasteful federal spending and often targeted peer-reviewed science because it sounded odd. Rep. Cooper believed such an award was needed to counter the false impression that odd-sounding research was not useful.
In 2012, a coalition of business, university, and scientific organizations listed below created the Golden Goose Award. Like the bipartisan group of Members of Congress who support the Golden Goose Award, the founding organizations believe that federally funded basic scientific research is the cornerstone of American innovation and essential to our economic growth, health, global competitiveness, and national security. Award recipients are selected by a panel of respected scientists and university research leaders.
"The Golden Goose Award celebrates unexpected discoveries, and there's no better example than the World Wide Web," Rep. Cooper said. "The Web is one of humankind's greatest accomplishments and is transforming our planet. Without the unanticipated consequences from Dr. Smarr's research, we'd be trapped in an informational black hole. His success reminds us that we never know where science might lead."
"Dr. Smarr's work is a perfect example of why Congress must remain committed to basic scientific research," Rep. Hultgren said. "It has been a focus of mine on the Science Committee to showcase these kind of stories, and as the co-founder of the House Science and National Labs Caucus, it was an honor to announce this award for the work Dr. Smarr did in my home state. The idea for Illinois' National Center for Supercomputing Applications was inspired by Dr. Smarr's important questions about black holes, but has demonstrated its usefulness in tackling many other scientific puzzles. As scientists continue gaining a better understanding of the universe, the technology, and tools they use to get there are having broad and longstanding impacts throughout our society. Science that is 'strange' to Congress can lead to the next scientific breakthrough, and these scientific inquiries are vital for America to maintain its place as an innovative and exceptional nation."
Dr. Smarr will receive his award at the third annual Golden Goose Awards ceremony in Washington, DC, on September 18, along with other awardees to be announced later this year.
Additional information about the Golden Goose Award, including videos and other information on Dr. Smarr and previous winners, can be found at http://www.goldengooseaward.org and on Twitter at @GoldGooseAward.
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Association of American Universities (AAU)
Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU)
Progressive Policy Institute (PPI)
Richard Lounsbery Foundation
The Science Coalition (TSC)
Task Force on American Innovation
United for Medical Research
Other organizations sponsoring the Golden Goose Award in 2013:
American Astronomical Society
American Educational Research Association
American Mathematical Society
American Psychological Association
American Society for Microbiology
American Sociological Association
Association for Psychological Science
Association of American Medical Colleges
The Biophysical Society
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
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