[ Back to EurekAlert! ]

PUBLIC RELEASE DATE:
26-Mar-2014

[ | E-mail ] Share Share

Contact: Juliette Savin
pr@riken.jp
81-080-889-52136
RIKEN

Using PET scanning to evaluate therapies of Menkes disease

IMAGE: In order to estimate the effect of disulfiram pretreatment on brain accumulation of 64CuCl2, PET imaging studies were performed on MD model mice. Disulfiram pre-treatment significantly increased copper accumulation in...

Click here for more information.

Scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies have used PET imaging to visualize the distribution in the body of copper, which is deregulated in Menkes disease, a genetic disorder, using a mouse model. This study lays the groundwork for PET imaging studies on human Menkes disease patients to identify new therapy options.

Menkes disease, though rare, is a fearsome genetic disorder. Most affected babies die within the first few years of life. The disease is caused by an inborn fault in the body's ability to absorb copper. The standard treatment today for the 1 in 100,000 babies affected by the disorder is to inject copper, but this therapy has limited efficacy. Eventually the treatment becomes ineffective, leading to neurodeneration, and the copper accumulates in the kidneys, sometimes leading to renal failure.

As a result, treatments have been sought that enhance the accumulation of injected copper in the brain while preventing its accumulation in the kidney. Recently, disulfiram, a drug developed to treat alcoholism, has been suggested as a therapy for Menkes disease, since one of its actions is to enhance this copper accumulation in the brain.

Now, in a landmark study published in the Journal of Nuclear Medicine, scientists at the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies in Kobe, Japan, in collaboration with paediatricians from Osaka City University and Teikyo University, have used positron emission tomography (PET) to show that a combination of copper injections and disulfiram or D-penicillamine allows a greater movement of copper to the brain, where it is needed, without accumulating in the kidneys.

IMAGE: In order to estimate the effects of disulfiram or D-penicillamine pretreatment on urinary excretion of 64CuCl2, PET imaging studies were performed in MD model mice. Copper accumulation in the kidney...

Click here for more information.

In the study, the researchers used Menkes Disease model mice, which have an inborn defect in copper metabolism, and injected copper-64, a radioactive isotope of copper, into the mice. They then used PET scanning, a non-invasive procedure, to visualize how the copper moved throughout the body. They compared mice injected with copper alone to mice injected with copper along with one of two other drugs, disulfiram or D-penicillamine, and the distribution of the copper throughout the body was observed for a four-hour period.

The results showed that the mice given copper along with disulfiram had a relatively high concentration of copper in the brain without a significant increase in the kidneys. Surprisingly, it showed that the amount of copper going to the brain in mice treated with disulfiram was actually higher than in those treated with copper alone, suggesting that the drug has an effect on the passage of copper through the blood-brain barrier.

According to Satoshi Nozaki, one of the co-authors, "This study demonstrates that PET imaging can be a useful tool for evaluating new treatments for Menkes disease." Looking to the future, he said, "Based on this study, we are planning to conduct clinical PET studies of patient with Menkes disease."

###

For more information please contact:

Juliette Savin
RIKEN
Tel: +81-(0)48-462-1225
Mobile phone: +81-(0)80-8895-2136
Email: pr@riken.jp

This press release is online at: http://www.riken.jp/en/pr/press/2014/20140326_1/

Reference:

Shiho Nomura, Satoshi Nozaki, Takashi Hamazaki, Taisuke Takeda, Eiichi Ninomiya, Satoshi Kudo, Emi Hayashinaka, Yasuhiro Wada, Tomoko Hiroki, Chie Fujisawa, Hiroko Kodama, Haruo Shintaku, Yasuyoshi Watanabe, "PET Imaging Analysis with 64Cu in Disulfiram Treatment for Aberrant Copper Bio-distribution in Menkes Disease Mouse Model", The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 2014, doi: 10.2967/jnumed.113.131797

About RIKEN

RIKEN is Japan's largest research institute for basic and applied research. Over 2500 papers by RIKEN researchers are published every year in leading scientific and technology journals covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, and medical science. RIKEN's research environment and strong emphasis on interdisciplinary collaboration and globalization has earned a worldwide reputation for scientific excellence.

Website: http://www.riken.jp/en/ Find us on Twitter at @riken_en

About the Center for Life Science Technologies (CLST)

The RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies aims at the development of key technologies for breakthroughs in medical and pharmaceutical applications by conducting ground-breaking research and development programs for next-generation life sciences. CLST comprises the Division of Structural and Synthetic Biology, the Division of Genomic Technologies, and the Division of Bio-function Dynamics Imaging, which will work together in this endeavor. Research and development programs are carried out in collaboration with companies, universities, and international consortia, in order to disseminate the center's achievements to the global community.

Website: http://www.clst.riken.jp/en/index.html



[ Back to EurekAlert! ] [ | E-mail Share Share ]

 


AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert! system.