This news release is available in Spanish.
Researchers at the University of Granada have found, through an experiment conducted on rats, that hyperproteic diets could be beneficial for bones, which would be of great use for groups with bone disease problems, such as the elderly or post-menopausic females.
Their research has also revealed that vegetal protein—in the case of the present study, soy protein—is preferable to animal protein (such as whey protein), since the former increased the level of calcium in bones by as much as seven per cent.
In an article published in the journal Food & Function, these researchers examined the effects of a normoproteic diet and of another hyperproteic one upon rat bones. They used a sample of 140 male Wistar rats, which was divided into four different subgroups, each of which was administered a different diet over the course of 12 weeks.
Two of these groups were fed a normoproteic diet (10% rich), half of them with soy protein, and the other half with whey protein; the other two groups ingested two different types of hyperproteic diets (45% rich) based, respectively, on soy and whey protein.
Better bone features
The results of this experiment demonstrated that rats fed with a hyperproteic diet maintained better bone properties than those which followed a normoproteic diet, in spite of the fact that they were affected by some acidity markers such as urea in plasma (46% higher) and urinary pH (8% more acid). These apparently negative side effects were neutred in those groups that consumed soy as a protein source, which reduced such acidity.
The group fed with soy protein presented besides a higher amount of total minerals, 7% more calcium in bones and a thicker diaphyseal cortical area, than those fed with the whey protein diet.
According to Virginia A. Aparicio Garcia Molina and Elena Nebot, researchers from the Physiology Department at the University of Granada and two of the authors of this study, "the impact that the type and the amount of protein which we consume have upon our health is a highly controversial topic within the scientific community, and there is no definitive agreement on certain aspects in this subject'
Hyperproteic diets are very frequent among athletes and persons who are on weight loss diets, but there is still no consensus on the effects that such diets have upon our organism.
Researchers warn that this is a study conducted upon rats, whose results must still be confirmed in humans. "We would recommend a case by case study supervised by professionals, and approach the subject taking into consideration the advantages and disadvantages presented by hyperproteic diets, besides each individual's personal features."
This research included the participation of researchers from the Physiology and Biostatistics Departments at the University of Granada, the Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology, as well as scientists from the Veterinary Medical School in Vienna (Austria)
The following video, produced by the Unity for Scientific Culture at the University of Granada, provides further details on this research: http://youtu.be/3fly8LAPjVM
MP3 audio can be downloaded here. The originals for the images are available here: http://sl.ugr.es/brutos1 http://sl.ugr.es/Brutos2
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