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Showing releases 1-25 out of 411.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Evolution and Human Behavior
The universal 'anger face'
Each element of the anger face makes the person expressing it appear physically stronger and more formidable.

Contact: Andrea Estrada
andrea.estrada@ucsb.edu
805-893-4620
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
A VA exit strategy
As the federal government plans its exit strategy from the war, now may be the time for it to rethink its role in providing health care to veterans, says a Perspective piece in the New England Journal of Medicine. The VA incurs high fixed costs of a brick-and-mortar health care system, the largest salaried workforce in the federal government, and a large administration.

Contact: Annmarie Christensen
Annmarie.Christensen@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-0897
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
After Great Recession, Americans are unhappy, worried, pessimistic, Rutgers study finds
The protracted and uneven recovery from the Great Recession has led most Americans to conclude that the US economy has undergone a permanent change for the worse, according to a new national study at Rutgers. Seven in 10 now say the recession's impact is permanent, up from half in 2009 when the recession officially ended, according to the John J. Heldrich Center for Workforce Development.

Contact: Steve Manas
smanas@ucm.rutgers.edu
848-932-0559
Rutgers University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics
Researchers use NASA and other data to look into the heart of a solar storm
Scientists found that the CME contained a rare piece of dense solar filament material. This filament coupled with an unusually fast speed led to the large amount of solar material observed.
NASA

Contact: Susan Hendrix
Susan.m.hendrix@nasa.gov
301-286-7745
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Cell
Prions can trigger 'stuck' wine fermentations, researchers find
A biochemical communication system that crosses from bacteria to yeast, making use of prions, has been discovered. It is responsible for a chronic winemaking problem known as 'stuck fermentation' and may also have implications for better understanding metabolic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, in humans.
G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Patricia Bailey
pjbailey@ucdavis.edu
530-752-9843
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Biology Letters
Flapping baby birds give clues to origin of flight
The origin of flight is a contentious issue: some argue that tree-climbing dinosaurs learned to fly in order to avoid hard falls. Others favor the story that theropod dinosaurs ran along the ground and pumped their forelimbs to gain lift, eventually talking off. New evidence showing the early development of aerial righting in birds, published by biologists Robert Dudley of UC Berkeley and Dennis Evangelista of the University of North Carolina, favors the tree-dweller hypothesis.
National Science Foundation, Sigma Xi

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication
Socially-assistive robots help kids with autism learn by providing personalized prompts
In a pilot study led by Maja Mataric at the USC Viterbi School of Engineering, researchers found that children with autism spectrum disorders showed improved or maintained performance in learning imitative behavior by interacting with humanoid robots that provided graded cueing, an occupational therapy technique that shapes behavior by providing increasingly specific cues to help a person learn new skills.
NSF/Human-Centered Computing, NSF/CISE Research Infrastructure

Contact: Megan Hazle
hazle@usc.edu
213-821-1887
University of Southern California

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Emergency Medicine Australasia
Deadly remedy: Warning issued about Chinese herbal medicine
A herbal preparation prescribed by a Chinese herbal medication practitioner in Melbourne for back pain resulted in life-threatening heart changes, prompting a team of intensive care and emergency physicians to call for appropriate patient education by practitioners who prescribe complementary medications.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
201-748-5808
Wiley

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Water Resources Research
Climate change puts endangered Devils Hole pupfish at risk of extinction
Climate change is hurting reproduction of the endangered Devils Hole pupfish, threatening the survival of this rare species that has numbered as few as 35 individuals, new research by the University of Nevada, Reno and Desert Research Institute shows.
National Park Service, Nevada Department of Wildlife, Death Valley Natural History Association

Contact: Mike Wolterbeek
mwolterbeek@unr.edu
University of Nevada, Reno

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
DeVincenzo study breakthrough in RSV research
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital and the University of Tennessee Health Science Center researcher John DeVincenzo, M.D., is lead author of a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The clinical trial of a drug was shown to safely reduce the viral load and clinical illness of healthy adult volunteers intranasally infected with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
Gilead Sciences Inc.

Contact: Sara Burnett
sara.burnett@lebonheur.org
901-287-5162
Le Bonheur Children's Hospital

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
NASA sees a weaker Tropical Storm Marie
When NOAA's GOES-West satellite captured an image of what is now Tropical Storm Marie, weakened from hurricane status on Aug. 28, the strongest thunderstorms were located in the southern quadrant of the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
ACS Chemical Biology
Drug shows promise against Sudan strain of Ebola in mice
Researchers from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and other institutions have developed a potential antibody therapy for Sudan ebolavirus (SUDV), one of the two most lethal strains of Ebola. A different strain, the Zaire ebolavirus (EBOV), is now devastating West Africa. First identified in 1976, SUDV has caused numerous Ebola outbreaks -- most recently in 2012 -- that have killed more than 400 people in total. The findings were reported in ACS Chemical Biology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Canadian Institutes for Health Research, Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: Kim Newman
sciencenews@einstein.yu.edu
718-430-3101
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Cell
Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD
Yale University researchers have identified a handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, using patients' own intestinal immune responses as a guide.
Blavatnik Family Foundation, Netherlands Organization of Scientific Research, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Cancer Research Institute Irvington Fellowship Program

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Global Journal of Medical Research
Are cigarette substitutes a safe alternative? It depends on user habits
A recent literature review study by researchers at the University of Miami suggest that small dosages of nicotine found in cigarette substitutes could be harmful to human musculoskeletal system, due to overuse. The findings are reported in the Global Journal of Medical Research.

Contact: Annette Gallagher
a.gallagher1@umiami.edu
305-284-1121
University of Miami

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Medical Genetics
Bradley Hospital collaborative study identifies genetic change in autism-related gene
A new study from Bradley Hospital has identified a genetic change in a recently identified autism-associated gene, which may provide further insight into the causes of autism. The study, now published online in the Journal of Medical Genetics, presents findings that likely represent a definitive clinical marker for some patients' developmental disabilities.

Contact: Jill Reuter
jreuter@lifespan.org
401-432-1328
Lifespan

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Environmental Sciences, Processes and Impacts
Second-hand e-cig smoke compared to regular cigarette smoke
Second-hand e-cig smoke has 10 times less particulate matter than regular cigarette smoke; but higher levels of certain toxic metals.
Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Cell
Small molecule acts as on-off switch for nature's antibiotic factory
Duke biochemists have identified the developmental on-off switch for Streptomyces, a group of soil microbes that produce more than two-thirds of the world's naturally derived antibiotic medicines. Their hope now would be to see whether it is possible to manipulate this switch to make nature's antibiotic factory more efficient.
Long Term EMBO Fellowship, Leopoldina, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, MET Institute Strategic Programme, Duke University School of Medicine

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Science
Watching the structure of glass under pressure
Glass has many applications that call for different properties, such as resistance to thermal shock or to chemically harsh environments. Glassmakers commonly use additives such as boron oxide to tweak these properties by changing the atomic structure of glass. Now researchers at UC Davis have for the first time captured atoms in borosilicate glass flipping from one structure to another as it is placed under high pressure.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Neonatal Nursing
Breastfeeding study shows need for effective peer counseling programs
The support of peer groups and clinicians is critical to the development of effective breastfeeding programs, according to recent University of Georgia research. A qualitative study of 21 mothers in the Athens-Clarke County area determined that role models for successful breastfeeding help positively shape the outcomes of mothers of infants.

Contact: Alex Anderson
fianko@uga.edu
706-542-7614
University of Georgia

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Cell Reports
UMN researchers find animal model for understudied type of muscular dystrophy
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed an animal research model for facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) to be used for muscle regeneration research as well as studies of the effectiveness of potential therapies for FSHD. The research is published in the current edition of the journal Cell Reports.
National Institutes of Health, Dr. Bob and Jean Smith Foundation, Friends of FSH Research, FSH Society

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Cell
New tool aids stem cell engineering for medical research
A Mayo Clinic researcher and his collaborators have developed an online analytic tool that will speed up and enhance the process of re-engineering cells for biomedical investigation. CellNet is a free-use Internet platform that uses network biology methods to aid stem cell engineering. Details of CellNet and its application to stem cell engineering are described in two back-to-back papers in the journal Cell.

Contact: Robert Nellis
newsbureau@mayo.edu
507-284-5005
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Infectious Diseases
New analysis of old HIV vaccines finds potentially protective immune response
Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers at Duke Medicine have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results. The vaccines had in fact triggered an antibody response -- now known to be associated with protection in adults -- that was previously unrecognized in the infants studied in the 1990s.
Duke University Center for AIDS Research, NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Nature Materials
A new, tunable device for spintronics
Recently, the research group of Professor Jairo Sinova from the Institute of Physics at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in collaboration with researchers from the UK, Prague, and Japan, has for the first time realised a new, efficient spin-charge converter based on the common semiconductor material GaAs. These results have recently been published in the journal Nature Materials.

Contact: Jairo Sinova
sinova@uni-mainz.de
49-613-139-21284
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Ecology Letters
Study finds marine protected areas inadequate for protecting fish and ocean ecology
A new study reports that an expansion of marine protected areas is needed to protect fish species that perform key ecological functions. According to investigators from the Wildlife Conservation Society and other organizations, previous efforts at protecting fish have focused on saving the largest numbers of species, often at the expense of those species that provide key and difficult-to-replace ecological functions.

Contact: John Delaney
jdelaney@wcs.org
718-220-3275
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
NASA's TRMM analyzes Hurricane Cristobal
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission or TRMM Satellite provided a look under the hood of Hurricane Cristobal as it continues moving north and paralleling the US East Coast. NASA's HS3 hurricane mission also investigated the storm. Cristobal is now close enough to the coast to trigger high surf advisories.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 1-25 out of 411.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>