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Showing releases 1-25 out of 467.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Geology
New research suggests Saharan dust is key to the formation of Bahamas' Great Bank
A new study suggests that Saharan dust played a major role in the formation of the Bahamas islands. Researchers from the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science showed that iron-rich Saharan dust provides the nutrients necessary for specialized bacteria to produce the island chain's carbonate-based foundation.

Contact: Diana Udel
dudel@rsmas.miami.edu
305-421-4704
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Hubble finds 3 surprisingly dry exoplanets
Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have gone looking for water vapor in the atmospheres of three planets orbiting stars similar to the sun -- and have come up nearly dry.
NASA

Contact: Ray Villard
villard@stsci.org
410-338-4514
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Oryx
Study indicates large raptors in Africa used for bushmeat
Bushmeat, the use of native animal species for food or commercial food sale, has been heavily documented to be a significant factor in the decline of many species of primates and other mammals. However, a new study indicates that more than half of the species being consumed are birds, particularly large birds like raptors and hornbills.
San Diego Zoo Global, Peregrine Fund

Contact: Christina Simmons
csimmons@sandiegozoo.org
619-685-3291
Zoological Society of San Diego

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Stem Cell Reports
NYSCF scientists one step closer to cell therapy for multiple sclerosis patients
For the first time, NYSCF scientists generated induced pluripotent stem cells lines from skin samples of patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis and further, they developed an accelerated protocol to induce these stem cells into becoming oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system implicated in multiple sclerosis and many other diseases.

Contact: David McKeon
dmckeon@nyscf.org
212-365-7440
New York Stem Cell Foundation

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Pediatrics
Overweight and obese preschoolers lose more weight when parent is also treated
Primary care treatment of overweight and obese preschoolers works better when treatment targets both parent and child compared to when only the child is targeted.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ellen Goldbaum
goldbaum@buffalo.edu
716-645-4605
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
BU researchers discover that Klotho is neuroprotective against Alzheimer's disease
Boston University School of Medicine researchers may have found a way to delay or even prevent Alzheimer's disease. They discovered that pre-treatment of neurons with the anti-aging protein Klotho can prevent neuron death in the presence of the toxic amyloid protein and glutamate. These findings currently appear in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Earlier Stone Age artifacts found in Northern Cape of South Africa
Excavations at an archaeological site at Kathu in the Northern Cape province of South Africa have produced tens of thousands of Earlier Stone Age artifacts, including hand axes and other tools. These discoveries were made by archaeologists from the University of Cape Town, South Africa and the University of Toronto, in collaboration with the McGregor Museum in Kimberley, South Africa.

Contact: Christine Elias
christine.elias@utoronto.ca
University of Toronto

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
ORNL study reveals new characteristics of complex oxide surfaces
A combination of microscopy and data processing has given researchers an unprecedented look at the surface of a material known for its unusual physical and electrochemical properties.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Parched West is using up underground water, UCI, NASA find
A new study by University of California, Irvine and NASA scientists finds more than 75 percent of the water loss in the drought-stricken Colorado River Basin since late 2004 came from underground resources. The extent of groundwater loss may pose a greater threat to the water supply of the western United States than previously thought.
NASA, University of California

Contact: Janet Wilson
janethw@uci.edu
949-824-3969
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
New study draws links between wildlife loss and social conflicts
Citing many sobering examples of how wildlife loss leads to conflict among people around the world, a new article co-authored by Wildlife Conservation Society Health & Ecosystems: Analysis of Linkages Program Director Dr. Christopher Golden, calls for an interdisciplinary approach to tackle global biodiversity decline.

Contact: Scott Smith
ssmith@wcs.org
718-220-3698
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain's dynamic duel underlies win-win choices
People choosing between two or more equally positive outcomes experience paradoxical feelings of pleasure and anxiety, feelings associated with activity in different regions of the brain, according to research led by Amitai Shenhav, an associate research scholar at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute at Princeton University. In the study, participants made choices between paired products with different or similar values. Choosing between two items of high value evoked the most positive feelings and the greatest anxiety.

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
New imaging agent provides better picture of the gut
A multi-institutional team of researchers has developed a new nanoscale agent for imaging the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. This safe, noninvasive method for assessing the function and properties of the GI tract in real time could lead to better diagnosis and treatment of gut diseases.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense, Korean Ministry of Science

Contact: Weibo Cai
wcai@uwhealth.org
608-262-1749
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
The microbes make the sake brewery
A sake brewery has its own microbial terroir, meaning the microbial populations found on surfaces in the facility resemble those found in the product, creating the final flavor according to research published ahead of print in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology. This is the first time investigators have taken a microbial census of a sake brewery.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Computers in Human Behavior
Study shows role of media in sharing life events
To share is human. And the means to share personal news -- good and bad -- have exploded over the last decade, particularly social media and texting. But until now, all research about what is known as 'social sharing,' or the act of telling others about the important events in our lives, has been restricted to face-to-face interactions.

Contact: Catalina Toma
ctoma@wisc.edu
608-262-8624
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Biology Letters
Moose drool inhibits growth of toxic fungus: York U research
Research out of York University shows a surprisingly effective way to fight against a certain species of toxic grass fungus: moose saliva -- yes… moose saliva.

Contact: Robin Heron
rheron@yorku.ca
416-736-2100 x22097
York University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Biomaterials
Antioxidant biomaterial promotes healing
Created by Northwestern University professor Guillermo Ameer and his team, the first-ever inherently antioxidant biomaterial has the potential to prevent failure in medical devices and surgical implants.

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
Stanford biologist warns of early stages of Earth's 6th mass extinction event
Stanford Biology Professor Rodolfo Dirzo and his colleagues warn that this 'defaunation' could have harmful downstream effects on human health.

Contact: Bjorn Carey
bccarey@stanford.edu
650-725-1944
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New approach to form non-equilibrium structures
Northwestern University researchers get closer to understanding the fundamentals of non-equilibrium, self-assembled structures, unlocking potential in a variety of fields.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS Pathogens
TGen-led study seeks to understand why some HIV-positive men are more infectious
A new study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute provides insights into the interplay among bacteria, viruses and the immune system during HIV infection.

Contact: Steve Yozwiak
syozwiak@tgen.org
602-343-8704
The Translational Genomics Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Energy
Stanford study shows how to power California with wind, water and sun
New Stanford research outlines the path to a possible future for California in which renewable energy creates a healthier environment, generates jobs and stabilizes energy prices.

Contact: Mark Z. Jacobson
jacobson@stanford.edu
650-723-6836
Stanford University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Incomplete HPV vaccination may offer some protection
Minority women who received the Human Papillomavirus Vaccination even after becoming sexually active had lower rates of abnormal Pap test results than those who were never vaccinated. These findings appear in the journal Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
American Cancer Society

Contact: Gina DiGravio
gina.digravio@bmc.org
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Consumer Psychology
'Experiential products' provide same happiness boost as experiences, study finds
'Experiential products,' items such as books or musical instruments that are designed to create or enhance an experience, can make shoppers just as happy as life experiences, according to a new study from San Francisco State University psychologist Ryan Howell. While life experiences help consumers feel closer to others, experiential products fulfill their users' need for 'competence' by utilizing their skills and knowledge. Both effects provide the same happiness boost, Howell found.

Contact: Jonathan Morales
jmm1@sfsu.edu
415-338-1743
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
2014 AAPT Summer Meeting
Creating sustainable STEM teacher preparation programs
A new study finds that faculty members who choose to champion physics teacher education, in combination with institutional motivation and commitment, ensure that STEM teacher education programs remain viable after initial funding ends.

Contact: James Riordon
riordon@aps.org
301-919-2173
American Physical Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Penn study: Incisionless transcatheter aortic valve replacement surgery cuts hospital length of stay
New research from Penn Medicine shows that incisionless transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) surgery cuts length of hospital stay by 30 percent and has no impact on post-operative vascular complication rates when compared with conventional transfemoral TAVR, which requires an incision in the groin. The complete study is available in the current issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Contact: Lee-Ann Donegan
leeann.donegan@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5660
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
Link between ritual circumcision procedure and herpes infection in infants examined
A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012, a literature review conducted by Penn Medicine researchers and published online in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found.

Contact: Steve Graff
stephen.graff@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5653
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Showing releases 1-25 out of 467.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>