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Showing releases 1-25 out of 351.

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Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microscopic organism plays a big role in ocean carbon cycling, Scripps scientists discover
Scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have taken a leap forward in understanding the microscopic underpinnings of the ocean carbon cycle by pinpointing a bacterium that appears to play a dominant role in carbon consumption.
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative, National Science Foundation

Contact: Mario Aguilera or Robert Monroe
scrippsnews@ucsd.edu
858-534-3624
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Society for American Archaeology's Annual Meeting
The Ancient Maya and virtual worlds: Different perspectives on material meanings
A UC researcher explores the Maya perspective on the material world and begins to uncover parallels with today's online culture.
Taft Research Center

Contact: Tom Robinette
tom.robinette@uc.edu
513-556-1825
University of Cincinnati

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
PLOS ONE
Genome yields insights into golden eagle vision, smell
Purdue and West Virginia University researchers are the first to sequence the genome of the golden eagle, providing a bird's-eye view of eagle features that could lead to more effective conservation strategies.
US Bureau of Land Management, California Department of Fish and Wildlife

Contact: Natalie van Hoose
nvanhoos@purdue.edu
765-496-2050
Purdue University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
American Journal of Human Genetics
Autism Genome Project delivers genetic discovery
A new study from investigators with the Autism Genome Project, the world's largest research project on identifying genes associated with risk for autism, has found that the comprehensive use of copy number variant genetic testing offers an important tool in individualized diagnosis and treatment of autism.
Autism Speaks and others

Contact: Steffanie Marchese
steffanie.marchese@autismspeaks.org
646-345-8537
Autism Speaks

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Plants send out signals attracting harmful bacteria, MU study finds
When bacteria attack plants, they often inject harmful proteins into the host plants' cells to weaken and suppress natural defenses. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have identified and replicated the process that allows the bacteria -- known mostly for attacking tomatoes -- to invade its host. This discovery could lead to natural anti-infective treatments that work with food-producing plants to enhance resistance to harmful bacteria in the field.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Science
Study finds accelerated soil carbon loss, increasing the rate of climate change
Research published in Science found that increased levels of CO2 in the atmosphere cause soil microbes to produce more carbon dioxide, accelerating climate change. Two Northern Arizona University researchers led the study, which challenges previous understanding about how carbon accumulates in soil.

Contact: Bruce Hungate
Bruce.Hungate@nau.edu
928-699-3998
Northern Arizona University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Parents of severely ill children see benefits as caregivers, says study
Benefits often coexist with the negative and stressful outcomes for parents who have a child born with or later diagnosed with a life-limiting illness, says a recent study led by a researcher at the University of Waterloo.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Pamela Smyth
psmyth@uwaterloo.ca
519-888-4777
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Neoplasia
New study helps to explain why breast cancer often spreads to the lung
New research led by Alison Allan, Ph.D., a scientist at Western University and the Lawson Health Research Institute, shows why breast cancer often spreads or metastasizes to the lung. The breast cancer stem cell (CSC) has been shown to be responsible for metastasis in animal models, particularly to the lung. And this new research found CSCs have a particular propensity for migrating towards and growing in the lung because of certain proteins found there.
Canadian Breast Cancer Foundation-Ontario Region

Contact: Kathy Wallis
kwallis3@uwo.ca
519-661-2111 x81136
University of Western Ontario

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Industrial Biotechnology
Engineered E. coli produces high levels of D-ribose as described in Industrial Biotechnology journal
D-ribose is a commercially important sugar used as a sweetener, a nutritional supplement, and as a starting compound for synthesizing riboflavin and several antiviral drugs.

Contact: Vicki Cohn
vcohn@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100 x2156
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell
Oxygen diminishes the heart's ability to regenerate, researchers discover
Scientific research at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center previously discovered that the newborn animal heart can heal itself completely, whereas the adult heart lacks this ability.

Contact: Lisa Warshaw
lisa.warshaw@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Cell Reports
Cell resiliency surprises scientists
New research shows that cells are more resilient in taking care of their DNA than scientists originally thought. Even when missing critical components, cells can adapt and make copies of their DNA in an alternative way. In a study published in this week's Cell Reports, a team of researchers at Michigan State University showed that cells can grow normally without a crucial component needed to duplicate their DNA.

Contact: Anzar Abbas
anzar.abbas@cabs.msu.edu
517-899-4829
Michigan State University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of the American Chemical Society
'Double-duty' electrolyte enables new chemistry for longer-lived batteries
Researchers have developed a new and unconventional battery chemistry aimed at producing batteries that last longer than previously thought possible.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
mccorkleml@ornl.gov
865-574-7308
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Journal of International Marketing
Small business owners not always worried about being treated fairly, researcher finds
Fairness is not always the most important priority for small retailers. In an international study, University of Missouri researchers found that some small retailers are less concerned about whether they are treated fairly by business suppliers than other factors, such as cash flow and company survival.

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Paying closer attention to attention
Researchers from McGill have suggested that there may be an overreporting of attention problems in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, simply because parents and teachers are using a misplaced basis for comparison. They are testing and comparing children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder with children of the same physical or chronological age, rather than with children of the same mental age, which is often quite a lot younger.

Contact: Katherine Gombay
katherine.gombay@mcgill.ca
McGill University

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Anesthesia & Analgesia
New approach for surgery patients cuts hospital stays and costs
Changes in managing patients before, during and after colorectal surgery cut hospital stays by two days and reduced readmission rates, according to researchers who led a study of the approach at Duke University Hospital.

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Childhood Obesity
Take the bat, leave the candy
'Take me out to the ballgame' doesn't exactly conjure up images of apple slices and kale chips. The more likely culprits include French fries, soda and the occasional box of Crackerjacks.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Marguerite Beck
marbeck@wakehealth.edu
336-716-2415
Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Optometry and Vision Science
Study supports safety of antimicrobial peptide-coated contact lenses
Contact lenses coated with an antimicrobial peptide could help to lower the risk of contact lens-related infections, reports a study in Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health.

Contact: Connie Hughes
Connie.Hughes@wolterskluwer.com
646-674-6348
Wolters Kluwer Health

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Science
Genetic code of the deadly tsetse fly unraveled
A decade-long effort by members of the International Glossina Genome Initiative has produced the first complete genome sequence of the tsetse fly, Glossina morsitans. The blood-sucking insect is the sole transmitter of sleeping sickness, a potentially deadly disease endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. The vast store of genetic data will help researchers develop new ways to prevent the disease and provide insights into the tsetse fly's unique biology.

Contact: Jelle Caers
jelle.caers@bio.kuleuven.be
32-495-840-513
KU Leuven

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Scientific Reports
The blood preserved in the pumpkin did not belong to Louis XVI
The results of an international study, which counted on the participation of the Spanish National Research Council, indicate that the DNA recovered from the inside of a pumpkin, attributed so far to the French King Louis XVI, does not actually belong to the monarch, guillotined in 1793. Complete genome sequencing suggests that blood remains correspond to a male with brown eyes, instead of blue as Louis XVI had, and shorter.

Contact: Marta García Gonzalo
marta.garcia@csic.es
34-915-681-476
Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Amazon rainforest survey could improve carbon offset schemes
Carbon offsetting initiatives could be improved with new insights into the make-up of tropical forests, a study suggests.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-131-651-4401
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Study: Altruistic adolescents less likely to become depressed
It is better to give than to receive - at least if you're an adolescent and you enjoy giving, a new study suggests. The study found that 15- and 16-year-olds who find pleasure in pro-social activities, such as giving their money to family members, are less likely to become depressed than those who get a bigger thrill from taking risks or keeping the money for themselves.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Diana Yates
diya@illinois.edu
217-333-5802
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Psychological Science
Take notes by hand for better long-term comprehension
Dust off those Bic ballpoints and college-ruled notebooks -- research shows that taking notes by hand is better than taking notes on a laptop for remembering conceptual information over the long term. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
Depression affects more than one out of three survivors of critical illness, according to a Vanderbilt study released in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, and the majority of patients experience their symptoms physically rather than mentally.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Craig Boerner
craig.boerner@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Animals with bigger brains, broader diets have better self control
A new study representing the largest study of animal intelligence to-date finds that animals with bigger brains and broader diets have better self-control. Published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the results are part of a long history of research aimed at understanding why some species are able to do things like make and use tools, read social cues, or even understand basic math, and others aren't.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
rsmith@nescent.org
919-668-4544
National Evolutionary Synthesis Center (NESCent)

Public Release: 24-Apr-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
HHS leaders call for expanded use of medications to combat opioid overdose epidemic
A national response to the epidemic of prescription opioid overdose deaths was outlined yesterday in the New England Journal of Medicine by leaders of agencies in the US Department of Health and Human Services. The commentary calls upon health care providers to expand their use of medications to treat opioid addiction and reduce overdose deaths, and describes a number of misperceptions that have limited access to these potentially life-saving medications.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Contact: NIDA Press Team
media@nida.nih.gov
301-443-6245
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Showing releases 1-25 out of 351.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>