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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 364.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Functional Foods
Montmorency tart cherry juice lowered blood uric acid levels and a marker for inflammation
Tart cherries have long been researched for their association with pain relief -- from gout and arthritis pain to exercise-related muscle pain. A new study published in the Journal of Functional Foods reported consumption of Montmorency tart cherries caused changes in uric acid metabolism, which can have an impact on joint pain. The study also detected increases in specific anthocyanin compounds in the bloodstream after consuming tart cherries.
Cherry Marketing Institute, Northumbria University

Contact: Mary Wendel
mwendel@webershandwick.com
312-988-2373
Weber Shandwick Worldwide

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
PLOS One
New molecule fights oxidative stress; May lead to therapies for cancer and Alzheimer's
Breathing oxygen helps the body create energy for its cells. As a result of the breathing process, reactive molecules called 'free radicals' are produced that often cause damage to proteins and genes found in cells. This damage is known as oxidative stress. Free radicals also have been linked to cancer, Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Now, investigators at the University of Missouri have discovered a molecule that treats oxidative stress.

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature
Spiders: Survival of the fittest group
Theorists have long debated the existence and power of a type of evolution called group selection. Now, studying social spiders, two scientists have uncovered the first-ever experimental evidence of group selection driving collective traits in wild populations of these spiders.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joshua Brown
joshua.e.brown@uvm.edu
802-656-3039
University of Vermont

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Brain Connectivity
Fibromyalgia and the role of brain connectivity in pain inhibition
The cause of fibromyalgia, a chronic pain syndrome is not known. However, the results of a new study that compares brain activity in individuals with and without fibromyalgia indicate that decreased connectivity between pain-related and sensorimotor brain areas could contribute to deficient pain regulation in fibromyalgia, according to an article published in Brain Connectivity.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
NASA sees intensifying typhoon Phanfone heading toward Japan
An intensifying typhoon called Phanfone that originated east of Guam on Sept. 28, 2014 is headed toward southern Japan. The TRMM satellite crossed above Typhoon Phanfone on Oct. 1, 2014 at 1039 UTC and gathered data about rainfall rates occurring in the storm.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Neuro-Oncology
Researchers find promise in new treatments for GBM
Glioblastma multiforme is one of the most lethal primary brain tumors, with median survival for these patients only slightly over one year. Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine, in collaboration with researchers from the City of Hope, are looking toward novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GBM in the form of targeted therapies against a unique receptor, the interleukin-13 receptor α chain variant 2.
Roger Williams Medical Center Brain Tumor Research Fund

Contact: Gina DiGravio
ginad@bu.edu
617-638-8480
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature
Team advances understanding of the Greenland Ice Sheet's meltwater channels
A paper in Nature this week notes that observations of moulins (vertical conduits connecting water on top of the glacier down to the bed of the ice sheet) and boreholes in Greenland show that subglacial channels ameliorate the speedup caused by water delivery to the base of the ice sheet in the short term. By mid summer, however, the channels stabilize and are unable to grow any larger.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Medical Entomology
New study provides key to identifying spiders in international cargo
Spiders found in international cargo brought into North America are sometimes misidentified, which can lead to costly and unwarranted eradication measures. A new study provides a key to identifying spiders commonly found in international cargo.

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature
Proving 'group selection'
The notion of 'group selection' -- that members of social species exhibit individual behavioral traits that render a population more or less fit for survivalóhas been bandied about in evolutionary biology since Darwin. The essence of the argument against the theory is that it's a 'fuzzy' concept without the precision of gene-based selection.

Contact: Joe Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Coral reef winners and losers
Scientists show that a subset of present coral fauna will likely populate oceans as water temperatures continue to rise.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-893-7220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
IEEE Symposium on Foundations of Computer Science
New frontier in error-correcting codes
An error-correcting code scheme nears optimality on three classical measures.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
acarleen@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Pathology
UMN research pinpoints microRNA tied to colon cancer tumor growth
Researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified microRNAs that may cause colon polyps from turning cancerous. The finding could help physicians provide more specialized, and earlier, treatment before colon cancer develops. The findings are published today in The Journal of Pathology.
Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota Medical School

Contact: Caroline Marin
crmarin@umn.edu
612-624-5680
University of Minnesota Academic Health Center

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
CEC releases its first-ever multi-year examination of reported industrial pollution in North America
The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) has released a comprehensive report on the changing face of industrial pollution in North America, covering the years 2005 through 2010. This is the first time an edition of the CEC's Taking Stock series, which gathers data from pollutant release and transfer registers in Canada, Mexico and the United States, has analyzed North American pollutant information over an extended time frame.

Contact: Megan Ainscow
mainscow@cec.org
514-350-4331
Commission for Environmental Cooperation

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Child and Family Studies
Intervention helps decrease 'mean girl' behaviors, MU researchers find
Relational aggression, or 'mean girl' bullying, is a popular subject in news and entertainment media. This nonphysical form of aggression generally used among adolescent girls includes gossiping, rumor spreading, exclusion and rejection. As media coverage has illustrated, relational aggression can lead to tragic and sometimes fatal outcomes. Despite these alarming concerns, little has been done to prevent and eliminate these negative behaviors. Now, University of Missouri researchers have developed and tested an intervention that effectively decreases relational aggression among teen girls.

Contact: Jesslyn Chew
ChewJ@missouri.edu
573-882-8353
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
A new target for controlling inflammation? Long non-coding RNAs fine-tune the immune system
Regulation of the human immune system's response to infection involves an elaborate network of complex signaling pathways that turn on and off multiple genes. The emerging importance of long noncoding RNAs and their ability to promote, fine-tune, and restrain the body's inflammatory response by regulating gene expression is described in a Review article in Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Treatment of substance abuse can lessen risk of future violence in mentally ill
If a person is dually diagnosed with a severe mental illness and a substance abuse problem, are improvements in their mental health or in their substance abuse most likely to reduce the risk of future violence? A new study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests that reducing substance abuse has a greater influence in reducing violent acts by patients with severe mental illness.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Cathy Wilde
cwilde@ria.buffalo.edu
716-887-3365
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Ecology Letters
New approach can predict impact of climate change on species that can't get out of the way
When scientists talk about the consequences of climate change, it can mean more than how we human beings will be impacted by higher temperatures, rising seas and serious storms. Plants and trees are also feeling the change, but they can't move out of the way. Researchers have developed a new tool to overcome a major challenge of predicting how organisms may respond to climate change.

Contact: Amy Pelsinsky
apelsinsky@umces.edu
410-330-1389
University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Physical Review Letters
Hide and seek: Sterile neutrinos remain elusive
The Daya Bay Collaboration, an international group of scientists studying the subtle transformations of subatomic particles called neutrinos, is publishing its first results on the search for a so-called sterile neutrino, a possible new type of neutrino beyond the three known neutrino 'flavors,' or types. The existence of this elusive particle, if proven, would have a profound impact on our understanding of the universe, and could impact the design of future neutrino experiments.

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Sustainable Development
Ethical filament: Can fair trade plastic save people and the planet?
New standards for 3-D printing filament aim to make life better for some of the world's poorest people while providing a market for plastic trash.

Contact: Jennifer Donovan
jbdonova@mtu.edu
906-487-4521
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
ACS Nano
New absorber will lead to better biosensors
Northwestern University's Koray Aydin designed a new nanostructure that absorbs ultranarrow bands of light spectrum and can be used in a number of applications, including the creation of more sensitive biosensors.

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Neural activity predicts the timing of spontaneous decisions
Researchers have discovered a new type of brain activity that underlies the timing of voluntary actions, allowing them to forecast when a spontaneous decision will occur more than a second in advance. 'Experiments like this have been used to argue that free will is an illusion, but we think that this interpretation is mistaken,' says Zachary Mainen, a neuroscientist at the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, in Lisbon, Portugal, who led the research, published on Sept. 28, 2014, in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

Contact: maria joao soares
mjsoares@jlma.pt
351-914-237-487
JLM&A, SA

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Nano Letters
Stressed out: Research sheds new light on why rechargeable batteries fail
Lithium ions traveling through a zinc antimonide anode cause local stress and phase transitions, a process dubbed atomic shuffling. These changes may help explain why most anodes made of layered materials eventually fail.
National Science Foundation, American Chemical Society -- Petroleum Research Fund

Contact: Jennifer Donovan
jbdonova@mtu.edu
906-487-4521
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
What happens in our brain when we unlock a door?
People who are unable to button up their jacket or who find it difficult to insert a key in lock suffer from a condition known as apraxia. This means that their motor skills have been impaired -- as a result of a stroke, for instance. Scientists in Munich have now discovered that there is a specific network in the brain for using tools. Their findings have been published in the Journal of Neuroscience.

Contact: Marie-Luise Brandi
luise.brandi@tum.de
49-892-892-4643
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, October 2014
The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's October 2014 story tips include stories on materials, cyber analytics, automobiles and energy.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Oct-2014
Systematic Biology
Research confirms controversial Darwin theory of 'jump dispersal'
More than one hundred and fifty years ago, Charles Darwin hypothesized that species could cross oceans and other vast distances on vegetation rafts, icebergs, or in the case of plant seeds, in the plumage of birds. Though many were skeptical of Darwin's 'jump dispersal' idea, a new study suggests that Darwin might have been correct.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
ccrawley@nimbios.org
865-974-9350
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Showing releases 1-25 out of 364.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>