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Showing releases 1-25 out of 310.

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Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
ChemBioChem
Engineering a protein to prevent brain damage from toxic agents
New research may help prevent brain damage for those exposed to pesticides and chemical weapons. The work centers on proteins called phosphotriesterases, which are able to degrade chemicals known as organophosphates -- found in everything from industrial pesticides to sarin gas. They permanently bond to neurotransmitters in the brain, interfering with their ability to function and causing irreversible damage. The researchers re-engineered the protein to make it sufficiently stable to be used therapeutically.
US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Kathleen Hamilton
kathleen.hamilton@nyu.edu
718-260-3792
New York University Polytechnic School of Engineering

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
28th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Research proves there is power in numbers to reduce electricity bills
Consumers can save money on their electricity bills and negotiate better deals by joining forces with similar groups of customers to switch energy suppliers according to new research.

Contact: Lynne Veitch
lynne.veitch@pagodapr.com
44-131-556-0770
Heriot-Watt University

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Transplantation shown to be highly effective in treating immune deficiency in children
Babies who are born with severe combined immunodeficiency can be successfully treated with a transplant of blood-forming stem cells, according to experts led by Memorial Sloan Kettering's Richard J. O'Reilly, M.D.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Courtney DeNicola Nowak
denicolc@mskcc.org
212-639-3573
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Veterans' alcohol problems linked to stress on the home front
Regardless of traumatic events experienced during deployment, returning National Guard soldiers were more likely to develop a drinking problem if faced with civilian life setbacks, including job loss, legal problems, divorce, and serious financial and legal problems -- all commonplace in military families. Results of the study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health are published online in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Angela J. Beck
ajpmmedia@elsevier.com
734-764-8775
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 31-Jul-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Vets' alcohol problems linked to stress on the home front
Regardless of traumatic events experienced during deployment, returning National Guard soldiers were more likely to develop a drinking problem if faced with civilian life setbacks, including job loss, legal problems, divorce, and serious financial and legal problems -- all commonplace in military families. Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found having at least one civilian stressor or a reported incident of sexual harassment during deployment raised the odds of alcohol use disorders.
US Department of Defense, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Resistance to key malaria drug spreading at alarming rate in Southeast Asia
Resistance to artemisinin, the main drug to treat malaria, is now widespread throughout Southeast Asia, among the Plasmodium falciparum parasites that cause the disease and is likely caused by a genetic mutation in the parasites. However, a six-day course of artemisinin-based combination therapy -- as opposed to a standard three-day course -- has proved highly effective in treating drug-resistant malaria cases, according to findings published today in the New England Journal of Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Jennifer Routh
jennifer.routh@nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Cell Reports
Biologists describe mechanism promoting multiple DNA mutations
The finding that cancer development often involves multiple mutations arising in clusters and in regions where chromosomal rearrangement takes place may one day lead to new cancer therapies.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Gary Galluzzo
gary-galluzzo@uiowa.edu
319-384-0009
University of Iowa

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Academic Medicine
Journal supplement details progress in African medical education
In the first substantial publication by participants of the $130 million Medical Education Partnership Initiative, more than 225 authors detailed progress made at African institutions in a 116-page supplement being published today by the journal Academic Medicine. The collection of 32 articles includes case studies of national strategies to increase numbers of doctors and health professionals trained; educational innovations such as e-learning; research capacity development; and partnerships that leverage advances across the MEPI network.
The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Gray
jeffrey.gray@nih.gov
301-496-2075
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Quality of Life Research
Diverticulitis patients reveal psychological, physical symptoms long after acute attacks
A UCLA team interviewed patients in great detail about the symptoms they experience weeks, months or even years after an acute diverticulitis attack. Their striking findings add to growing evidence that, for some patients, diverticulitis goes beyond isolated attacks and can lead to a chronic condition that mimics irritable bowel syndrome.The researchers used those insights to develop a questionnaire to help doctors better assess the long-term impact of diverticulitis, which ultimately could lead to better understanding and management of the disease.
Shire Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Rachel Champeau
rchampeau@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2270
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Ecology Letters
Classic Lewis Carroll character inspires new ecological model
Inspired by the Red Queen in Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass, collaborators from the University of Illinois and National University of Singapore improved a 35-year-old ecology model to better understand how species evolve over decades to millions of years.
Templeton World Charity Foundation

Contact: Nicholas Vasi
nvasi@illinois.edu
Institute for Genomic Biology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
When cooperation counts
A new study conducted by Harvard scientists shows that in Peromyscus maniculatus, a species of deer mouse known to be highly promiscuous, sperm clump together to swim in a more linear fashion, increasing their chances of fertilization.

Contact: Peter Reuell
preuell@fas.harvard.edu
617-496-8070
Harvard University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Financial Services Review
Fear of losing money, not spending habits, affects investor risk tolerance, MU study finds
Michael Guillemette, an assistant professor of personal financial planning in the University of Missouri, analyzed the causes of risk tolerance and found that loss aversion, or the fear of losing money, is the primary factor that explains investors' risk tolerance.

Contact: Nathan Hurst
hurstn@missouri.edu
573-882-6217
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Nature
Watching Schrödinger's cat die (or come to life)
Quantum mechanics holds that a system can be in more than one state at a time, only collapsing into a definite state when someone measures it. A cat is both dead and alive until someone opens the box. UC Berkeley scientists have for the first time followed the evolution of entangled quantum states to a classical state, showing that collapse is not instantaneous: you can watch the cat as it dies or comes to life.
Office of Naval Research, Army Research Office

Contact: Robert Sanders
rlsanders@berkeley.edu
510-643-6998
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
NASA catches two tropical troublemakers in Northwestern Pacific: Halong and 96W
There are two tropical low pressure areas in the Northwestern Pacific Ocean today and they're close enough to each other to be captured in one image generated from data gathered by NASA's Aqua satellite.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Nature
Antarctic ice sheet is result of CO2 decrease, not continental breakup
Climate modelers from the University of New Hampshire have shown that the most likely explanation for the initiation of Antarctic glaciation during a major climate shift 34 million years ago was decreased carbon dioxide levels. The finding counters a 40-year-old theory suggesting massive rearrangements of Earth's continents caused global cooling and the abrupt formation of the Antarctic ice sheet. It will provide scientists insight into the climate change implications of current rising global CO2 levels.
National Science Foundation

Contact: David Sims
david.sims@unh.edu
603-862-5369
University of New Hampshire

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Diversity and Distributions
Conservation scientists asking wrong questions on climate change impacts on wildlife
Scientists studying the potential effects of climate change on the world's animal and plant species are focusing on the wrong factors, according to a new paper by a research team from the Wildlife Conservation Society, University of Queensland, and other organizations. The authors claim that most of the conservation science is missing the point when it comes to climate change.

Contact: John Delaney
jdelaney@wcs.org
718-220-3275
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Psychology of Popular Media Culture
Appreciation for fat jokes, belief in obese stereotypes linked
From movies to television, obesity is still considered 'fair game' for jokes and ridicule. A new study from researchers at Bowling Green State University took a closer look at weight-related humor to see if anti-fat attitudes played into a person's appreciation or distaste for fat humor in the media.

Contact: Jen Sobolewski
jsobole@bgsu.edu
419-372-8582
Bowling Green State University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Nature
Scientists reproduce evolutionary changes by manipulating embryonic development of mice
By modifying the embryonic development of mice, scientists from the University of Helsinki and the UAB have achieved to reproduce in the laboratory the changes in teeth shape which, in mammals, has needed millions of years of evolution to take place. The research appears today in Nature.

Contact: Isaac Salazar-Ciudad
Isaac.salazar@uab.cat
34-935-812-730
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Birthweight and breastfeeding have implications for children's health decades later
Young adults who were breastfed for three months or more as babies have a significantly lower risk of chronic inflammation associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, according to research from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis.

Contact: Neil Schoenherr
nschoenherr@wustl.edu
314-239-9734
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
NASA sees zombie Tropical Depression Genevieve reborn
Infrared imagery from NASA's Aqua satellite helped confirm that the remnant low pressure area of former Tropical Storm Genevieve has become a zombie storm, and has been reborn as a tropical depression on July 30.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Dissolvable fabric loaded with medicine might offer faster protection against HIV
University of Washington bioengineers have discovered a potentially faster way to deliver a topical drug that protects women from contracting HIV. Their method spins the drug into silk-like fibers that quickly dissolve when in contact with moisture, releasing higher doses of the drug than possible with other topical materials.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michelle Ma
mcma@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Study: Marine pest provides advances in maritime anti-fouling and biomedicine
A team of biologists, led by Clemson University associate professor Andrew S. Mount, performed cutting-edge research on a marine pest that will pave the way for novel anti-fouling paint for ships and boats and also improve bio-adhesives for medical and industrial applications. The team's findings, published in Nature Communications, examined the last larval stage of barnacles that attaches to a wide variety of surfaces using highly versatile, natural, possibly polymeric material that acts as an underwater heavy-duty adhesive.
Office of Naval Research

Contact: Andrew S. Mount
mount@clemson.edu
864-656-3597
Clemson University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine
The promise and profits driving our pill-popping culture
We have pills to ease pain, to cure infection, to help us lose weight, to treat chronic conditions, and to enhance our sexual and athletic prowess. Why do pills play such a central role in today's society and could we benefit from taking fewer pills?

Contact: Kathryn Ruehle
kruehle@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Animal Behaviour
Supportive moms and sisters boost female baboon's rank
A study of dominance in female baboons suggests that the route to a higher rank is to maintain close ties with mom, and to have lots of supportive sisters.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Chicago Zoological Society

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 30-Jul-2014
Alzheimer's & Dementia
Study: Telephone support program beneficial for caregivers of those with dementia
Rhode Island Hospital researchers have found that a support program administered entirely by telephone can significantly reduce depression and other symptoms in informal caregivers, such as family or friends, of individuals with dementia. The study is published online in advance of print in the journal Alzheimer's & Dementia.
NIH/National Institute of Nursing Research

Contact: Ellen Slingsby
eslingsby@lifespan.org
401-444-6421
Lifespan

Showing releases 1-25 out of 310.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>