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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 421.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Research and Politics
Saddam Hussein -- a sincere dictator?
Are political speeches manipulative and strategic? They could be -- when politicians say one thing in public, and privately believe something else, political scientists say.

Contact: Katie Baker
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
From nose to knee: Engineered cartilage regenerates joints
Human articular cartilage defects can be treated with nasal septum cells. Researchers at the University and the University Hospital of Basel report that cells taken from the nasal septum are able to adapt to the environment of the knee joint and can thus repair articular cartilage defects. The nasal cartilage cells' ability to self-renew and adapt is associated with the expression of so-called HOX genes. The scientific journal Science Translational Medicine has published the results.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
University of Basel

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Warm thanks: Gratitude can win you new friends
Parents have long told their children to mind their Ps and Qs, and remember to say thank you. Now the evidence is in on why it matters. A UNSW Australia-led study has shown for the first time that thanking a new acquaintance for their help makes them more likely to seek an ongoing social relationship with you. Saying thank you provides a valuable signal that you are someone with whom a high-quality relationship could be formed.

Contact: Deborah Smith
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Current Biology
Zombie bacteria are nothing to be afraid of
Scientists at Washington University in St. Louis have obtained the first experimental evidence that there are at least two fail-safe points in the bacterial cell cycle. If the fail-safes are activated, the cell is forced to exit the cell cycle forever. It then enters a zombie-like state and is unable to reproduce even under the most favorable of conditions.Drugs that trigger the fail-safes are already under development.

Contact: Diana Lutz
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
The Lancet: China-themed issue
China's rapid emergence as a global power has coincided with a series of unprecedented challenges to Chinese people's health. The fifth China-themed issue of The Lancet provides a picture of the complex health issues facing China, and looks at how better health outcomes for Chinese people can be achieved into the future.

Contact: Jeffrey Koplan
The Lancet

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
New model predicts patients with type 1 diabetes who will go on to develop major complications
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes) presents a new model for predicting which patients with type 1 diabetes will go on to develop major complications, through easily and routinely measured risk factors.

Contact: Sabita Soedamah-Muthu

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
BMC Public Health
Socioeconomic status and gender are associated with differences in cholesterol levels
A long-term lifestyle study reports differences between the sexes when it comes to fat profiles associated with socioeconomic status. Research in the open-access journal BMC Public Health breaks down factors associated with social class and finds surprising inequalities between men and women.

Contact: Shane Canning
BioMed Central

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Complications of tube insertion in ears not worse for kids with cleft lip/palate
Children with cleft lip and/or palate have no worse complications from ventilation tube insertion in their ears to treat otitis media with effusion or acute otitis media, two conditions which can result in hearing loss.

Contact: Ian Smillie, M.R.C.S. Ed
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Home is where the microbes are
A study published today in Science reports provides a detailed analysis of the microbes that live in houses and apartments. The study was conducted by researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago.
Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Environmental Protection Agency, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Grabowski
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry
High dietary salt may worsen multiple sclerosis symptoms
High dietary salt intake may worsen multiple sclerosis symptoms and boost the risk of further neurological deterioration, indicates a small observational study published online in the Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.
Raul Carrea Institute for Neurological Research

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
BMJ Open
Plain cigarette packs don't hurt small retailers or boost trade in illicit tobacco
Plain packs for tobacco products don't hurt small retailers, flood the market with very cheap cigarettes, or boost the trade in illicit tobacco, finds research on the early experience of the policy in Australia, and published in the online journal BMJ Open.
Quit Victoria, VicHealth, Department of Health for the Victorian Smoking and Health annual survey

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Less than $200 million would conserve precious Atlantic Forest in Brazil, say researchers
Brazil could conserve its valuable Atlantic Forest by investing just 0.01 percent of its annual GDP, according to a new study.

Contact: Gail Wilson
Imperial College London

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
New research reveals how wild rabbits were genetically transformed into tame rabbits
The genetic changes that transformed wild animals into domesticated forms have long been a mystery. An international team of scientists has now made a breakthrough by showing that many genes controlling the development of the brain and the nervous system were particularly important for rabbit domestication. The study is published today in Science and gives answers to many genetic questions.

Contact: Leif Andersson
Uppsala University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Electric current to brain boosts memory
Stimulating a region in the brain via non-invasive delivery of electrical current using magnetic pulses, called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, improves memory. The discovery opens a new field of possibilities for treating memory impairments caused by conditions such as stroke, early-stage Alzheimer's disease, traumatic brain injury, cardiac arrest and the memory problems that occur in healthy aging.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Radio telescopes settle controversy over distance to Pleiades
A worldwide network of radio telescopes measured the distance to the famous star cluster the Pleiades to an accuracy within 1 percent. The result resolved a controversy raised by a satellite's measurement that now is shown to be wrong. The incorrect measurement had challenged standard models of star formation and evolution.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Dave Finley
National Radio Astronomy Observatory

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
NYU researchers ID process producing neuronal diversity in fruit flies' visual system
NYU biologists have identified a mechanism that helps explain how the diversity of neurons that make up the visual system is generated.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Circulating tumor cell clusters more likely to cause metastasis than single cells
Circulating tumor cell (CTC) clusters -- clumps of from two to 50 tumor cells that break off a primary tumor and are carried through the bloodstream -- appear to be much more likely to cause metastasis than are single CTCs, according to a study from investigators at the Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center.
Janssen Diagnostics, Stand Up to Cancer, Breast Cancer Research Foundation, National Foundation for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, Susan G. Komen for the Cure, ESSCO Breast Cancer Foundation, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Genomic sequencing reveals mutations, insights into 2014 Ebola outbreak
In response to an ongoing, unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease in West Africa, a team of researchers from the Broad Institute and Harvard University, in collaboration with the Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation and researchers across institutions and continents, has rapidly sequenced and analyzed more than 99 Ebola virus genomes. Their findings could have important implications for rapid field diagnostic tests. The team reports its results online in the journal Science.
Common Fund, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, US Department of Health and Human Services, National Science Foundation, European Union Seventh Framework Programme, Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Haley Bridger
Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Study finds shortcomings in doctor-patient discussions about transplantation
When dialysis patients reported discussions about transplantation with clinicians, they had a nearly 3-fold increased likelihood of being listed for transplantation, but clinician-reported discussions did not increase a patient's likelihood of being listed. In almost one-third of cases, clinicians reported that they had discussed transplantation with a particular dialysis patient, but the patient said that nobody had discussed it with them.

Contact: Tracy Hampton
American Society of Nephrology

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
How studying damage to the prefrontal lobe has helped unlock the brain's mysteries
Until the last few decades, the frontal lobes of the brain were shrouded in mystery and erroneously thought of as nonessential for normal function. Now a review in Neuron highlights groundbreaking studies of patients with brain damage that reveal how distinct areas of the frontal lobes are critical for a person's ability to learn, multitask, control emotions, socialize, and make decisions. The findings have helped experts rehabilitate patients experiencing damage to this brain region.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
PLOS Pathogens
From bite site to brain: How rabies virus hijacks and speeds up transport in nerve cells
Rabies is usually transmitted through the bite of an infected animal into muscle tissue of the new host. From there, the virus travels all the way to the brain where it multiplies and causes the usually fatal disease. An article published on Aug. 28 in PLOS Pathogens sheds light on how the virus hijacks the transport system in nerve cells to reach the brain with maximal speed and efficiency.

Contact: Eran Perlson

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Non-adaptive evolution in a cicada's gut
Organisms in a symbiotic relationship will often shed genes as they come to rely on the other organism for crucial functions. But now researchers have uncovered an unusual event in which a bacterium that lives in a type of cicada split into two species, doubling the number of organisms required for the symbiosis to survive.
M.J. Murdock Charitable Trust, National Science Foundation

Contact: Lindsay Jolivet
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
University of Montana cicada study discovers 2 genomes that function as 1
University of Montana researchers discovered that Hodgkinia had subtly become more complex through a speciation event, in which the original lineage split to produce two separate but interdependent species of Hodgkinia. What was previously thought to be a tripartite, or a three-way symbiosis, is now proven to actually be a four-way symbiosis.
National Science Foundation

Contact: John McCutcheon
The University of Montana

Public Release: 28-Aug-2014
Healthy Moms program helps women who are obese limit weight gain during pregnancy
A new study finds that women who are obese can limit their weight gain during pregnancy using conventional weight loss techniques including attending weekly group support meetings, seeking advice about nutrition and diet, and keeping food and exercise journals.

Contact: Vincent Staupe
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Sciatic nerve repair using adhesive bonding and a modified conduit
Xiangdang Liang and co-workers from the General Hospital of Chinese PLA designed a special conduit for the adhesive technique and defined the best parameters for its use through in vitro testing, and then repaired nerves with cyanoacrylate and the modified conduit in an in vivo rat model.

Contact: Meng Zhao
Neural Regeneration Research

Showing releases 101-125 out of 421.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>