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Showing releases 101-125 out of 449.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
PLOS Genetics
Cutting the ties that bind
The development of a new organism from the joining of two single cells is a carefully orchestrated endeavor. But even before sperm meets egg, an equally elaborate set of choreographed steps must occur to ensure successful sexual reproduction. Those steps, known as reproductive cell division or meiosis, split the original number of chromosomes in half so that offspring will inherit half their genetic material from one parent and half from the other.
Stowers Institute for Medical Research, American Cancer Society

Contact: Kim Bland
ksb@stowers.org
816-926-4015
Stowers Institute for Medical Research

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Music therapy reduces depression in children and adolescents
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have discovered that music therapy reduces depression in children and adolescents with behavioural and emotional problems.

Contact: Claire O'Callaghan
c.ocallaghan@qub.ac.uk
Queen's University Belfast

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
IARU Sustainability Science Congress
New policymaking tool for shift to renewable energy
Multiple pathways exist to a low greenhouse gas future, all involving increased efficiency and a dramatic shift in energy supply away from fossil fuels. A new tool 'SWITCH' enables policymakers and planners to assess the economic and environmental implications of different energy scenarios. It is presented today at the congress Global Challenges: Achieving Sustainability, hosted by the University of Copenhagen.

Contact: Elisabeth Wulffeld
elisabethw@snm.ku.dk
45-21-17-91-40
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Lancet
The Lancet: The hidden truth about the health of homeless people
As many as 4 million Europeans and 3.5 million Americans experience homelessness every year, and the numbers are rising. Homeless people 'are the sickest in our society,' but just treating ill health might not be enough to help get people off the streets, according to a new two-part series on homelessness in high-income countries, published in The Lancet.

Contact: Caroline Brogan
c.brogan@lancet.com
The Lancet

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Time for change -- additional daylight saving could improve public health
New research published just before the end of UK daylight saving shows that proposals to permanently increase the hours of waking daylight could have real impacts on public health. The study led by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine shows that having later sunsets leads to an increase in children's physical activity. Over 23,000 children were studied in nine countries, with researchers examining associations between time of sunset and activity levels, measured via accelerometers.
National Institute for Health Research, UK National Prevention Research Initiative

Contact: Press Office
press@lshtm.ac.uk
44-207-927-2802
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Lancet Infectious Diseases
The Lancet Infectious Diseases: Study predicts that current international commitments will not contain Ebola outbreak in Montserrado, Liberia
New modeling research, published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, has found that the number of Ebola treatment center beds and other measures needed to control the epidemic in Montserrado County, Liberia substantially exceeds the total pledged by the international community to date.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caroline Brogan
c.brogan@lancet.com
The Lancet

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Journal of Pediatrics
New test could identify infants with rare insulin disease
A rare form of a devastating disease which causes low blood sugar levels in babies and infants may now be recognised earlier thanks to a new test developed by researchers from The University of Manchester.
National Institute for Health Research Manchester Biomedical Research Centre grant, Research Councils UK

Contact: Morwenna Grills
Morwenna.Grills@manchester.ac.uk
44-016-127-52111
University of Manchester

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Science
Flu viruses disguised as waste
Disguising itself as waste, the shell of the flu virus is torn apart by the cell's own disposal system, thereby releasing viral genetic information. For the first time, a research team headed by researchers at ETH Zurich has now managed to show the exact process.

Contact: Ari Helenius
ari.helenius@bc.biol.ethz.ch
41-446-326-817
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Science
Top marine scientists call for action on 'invisible' fisheries
To protect our oceans from irreversible harm, governments, conservationists, and researchers around the world must address the enormous threat posed by unregulated and destructive fisheries, say top marine scientists.

Contact: Tyler Stiem
t.stiem@projectseahorse.org
604-827-5142
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
PLOS Genetics
Scientists uncover how protein ensures reproductive success
An international team of researchers from Japan and the UK has discovered how a single protein, called PP4, oversees the processing of DNA during sperm and egg generation for successful fertilization. This protein's activity becomes even more paramount during aging. The study, published in the journal PLOS Genetics, may one day help scientists to understand the mechanisms underlying age-related fertility declines in humans.

Contact: Peter Gee
pr@icems.kyoto-u.ac.jp
81-075-753-9755
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
eScholarship
California's tobacco control efforts losing steam, finds UCSF report
California's position as a leader in tobacco control is under threat, according to a new report from the UC San Francisco Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education.

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
elizabeth.fernandez@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
Progression of age-related macular degeneration in one eye then fellow eye
Having age-related macular degeneration in one eye was associated with an increased incidence of age-related macular degeneration and accelerated progression of the debilitating disease in the other eye.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Emily Kumlien
EKumlien@uwhealth.org
608-265-8199
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Diabetes Care
Mother's gestational diabetes linked to daughters being overweight later
Women who developed gestational diabetes and were overweight before pregnancy were at a higher risk of having daughters who were obese later in childhood, according to new research published today in Diabetes Care. Based on long-term research that included a multi-ethnic cohort of 421 girls and their mothers (all members of Kaiser Permanente Northern California), the study is among the first to directly link maternal hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) to offspring being overweight later.
NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Center for Research Resources

Contact: Cyrus Hedayati
chedayati@golin.com
415-318-4377
Kaiser Permanente

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Nature
No-till agriculture may not bring hoped-for boost in global crop yields, study finds
No-till farming appears to hold promise for boosting crop yields only in dry regions, not in the cool, moist areas of the world, this study found.
National Key Science and Technology Project of China

Contact: Patricia Bailey
pjbailey@ucdavis.edu
530-752-9843
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
'Breath test' shows promise for diagnosing fungal pneumonia
Many different microbes can cause pneumonia, and treatment may be delayed or off target if doctors cannot tell which bug is the culprit. A novel approach -- analyzing a patient's breath for key chemical compounds made by the infecting microbe -- may help detect invasive aspergillosis, a fungal infection that is a leading cause of mortality in patients with compromised immune systems, according to a proof-of-concept study now online in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Contact: Jerica Pitts
jpitts@pcipr.com
312-558-1770
Infectious Diseases Society of America

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Chemistry and Biology
New TSRI studies bring scientists closer to combating dangerous unstable proteins
Scientists at the Scripps Research Institute have discovered a way to decrease deadly protein deposits in the heart, kidney and other organs associated with a group of human diseases called the systemic amyloid diseases.
Arlene & Arnold Goldstein, Ellison Medical Foundation, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology at TSRI, Lita Annenberg Hazen Foundation, Scripps Research Institute, American Cancer Society, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Diabetes
Sunshine may slow weight gain and diabetes onset, study suggests
Exposure to moderate amounts of sunshine may slow the development of obesity and diabetes, a study in mice suggests. The Telethon Kids Institute in Western Australia led the work in collaboration with the universities of Edinburgh and Southampton.

Contact: Jen Middleton
jen.middleton@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-6514
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association
Costs to treat bleeding strokes increases 10 years later
Costs to treat strokes caused by bleeding in the brain increased about 31 percent from five years after stroke to 10 years. Medication, nursing home and informal care expenses accounted for some of the increases.

Contact: Karen Astle
karen.astle@heart.org
214-706-1392
American Heart Association

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Science
New microscope collects dynamic images of the molecules that animate life
A new microscopy technology collects high-resolution images rapidly and minimizes damage to cells, meaning it can image the 3-D activity of molecules, cells, and embryos in fine detail over longer periods than was previously possible. Developed at Howard Hughes Medical Institute's Janelia Research Campus, the microscope enables cell and molecular biologists to produce stunning videos of biological processes across a range of sizes and time scales, from the movements of individual proteins to the development of entire animal embryos.

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Cell
Thyroid cancer genome analysis finds markers of aggressive tumors
A new comprehensive analysis of thyroid cancer from the Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network has identified markers of aggressive tumors, which could allow for better targeting of appropriate treatments to individual patients.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nicole Fawcett
nfawcett@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Journal of Medical Ethics
Were clinical trial practices in East Germany questionable?
Clinical trials carried out in the former East Germany in the second half of the 20th century were not always with the full knowledge or understanding of participants with some questionable practices taking place, according to a paper published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmj.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Sexually Transmitted Infections
'Swingers' multiple drug use heightens risk of sexually transmitted diseases
People who engage in heterosexual group sex and partner swapping are increasing their risk of catching sexually transmitted diseases if they engage in multiple drug use, says a study published online in the journal Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmj.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
PLOS Genetics
Gene identified for immune system reset after infection
Duke University researchers have uncovered the genes that are normally activated during recovery from bacterial infection. The finding, from C. elegans worms, could lead to ways to jumpstart this recovery process and possibly fend off autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory disorders that can result from the body staying in attack mode for too long.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
British Dental Journal
Roman-Britons had less gum disease than modern Britons
The Roman-British population from c. 200-400 AD appears to have had far less gum disease than we have today, according to a study of skulls at the Natural History Museum led by a King's College London periodontist. The surprise findings provide further evidence that modern habits like smoking can be damaging to oral health.

Contact: Jenny Gimpel
jenny.gimpel@kcl.ac.uk
44-207-848-4334
King's College London

Public Release: 23-Oct-2014
Science
TSRI chemists achieve new technique with profound implications for drug development
A team from The Scripps Research Institute has established a new carbon-hydrogen activation technique that opens the door to creating a broader range of pure molecules of one-handedness or 'chirality' by eliminating previous starting material limitations.
National Institutes of Health, The Scripps Research Institute

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Showing releases 101-125 out of 449.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 > >>