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Showing releases 126-150 out of 365.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
MRI identifies brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue syndrome patients
Researchers using a combination of different imaging techniques have found structural abnormalities in the brains of people with chronic fatigue syndrome, according to a new study. The results suggest a potential role for imaging in diagnosing and treating the condition.
Division of Infectious Disease CFS Fund

Contact: Linda Brooks
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Trends in Microbiology
Can social media help stop the spread of HIV?
In addition to providing other potential benefits to public health, all of those tweets and Facebook posts could help curb the spread of HIV. Although public health researchers have focused early applications of social media on reliably monitoring the spread of diseases such as the flu, Sean Young writes in an article in the Cell Press journal Trends in Microbiology of a future in which social media might predict and even change biomedical outcomes.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Low-carb, high-fat diets may reduce seizures in tough-to-treat epilepsy
Diets high in fat and low in carbohydrates, such as the ketogenic or modified Atkins diet, may reduce seizures in adults with tough-to-treat epilepsy, according to a review of the research published in the Oct. 29, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nano Energy
New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat
A multidisciplinary engineering team at the University of California, San Diego developed a new nanoparticle-based material for concentrating solar power plants designed to absorb and convert to heat more than 90 percent of the sunlight it captures. The new material can also withstand temperatures greater than 700 degrees Celsius and survive many years outdoors in spite of exposure to air and humidity.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Molecular Biology
Blood test developed to diagnose early onset Alzheimer's disease
A non-invasive blood test that could diagnose early onset Alzheimer's disease with increased accuracy has been developed by University of Melbourne researchers.

Contact: Liz Banks-Anderson
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers
CU Denver study says upgrading infrastructure could reduce flood damage
The severe flooding that devastated a wide swath of Colorado last year might have been less destructive if the bridges, roads and other infrastructure had been upgraded or modernized, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Denver.

Contact: David Kelly
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Genome sequenced of enterovirus D68 circulating in St. Louis
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have sequenced the genome of enterovirus D68 sampled from patients treated at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Nationwide, the virus has spread rapidly in recent months and caused severe respiratory illness in young children, with some patients requiring hospitalization.
National Institutes of Health, Alan A. and Edith L. Wolff Distinguished Professorship at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Where you live doesn't matter if you have heart disease, study finds
People living in rural areas are at no greater risk of dying from heart disease than their urban counterparts, according to a new study by researchers at Women's College Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Contact: Julie Saccone
416-323-6400 x4054
Women's College Hospital

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
NASA's LRO spacecraft captures images of LADEE's impact crater
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft has spied a new crater on the lunar surface; one made from the impact of NASA's Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer mission.

Contact: Nancy Neal-Jones
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Animal study suggests heavy drinking in adolescence associated with lasting brain changes
Heavy drinking during adolescence may lead to structural changes in the brain and memory deficits that persist into adulthood, according to an animal study published October 29 in The Journal of Neuroscience. The study found that, even as adults, rats given daily access to alcohol during adolescence had reduced levels of myelin -- the fatty coating on nerve fibers that accelerates the transmission of electrical signals between neurons.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Emily Ortman
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Science Signaling
Modeling cancer: Virginia Tech researchers prove models can predict cellular processes
Researchers developed mathematical models to predict the dynamics of cell transitions, and compared their results with actual measurements of activity in cell populations. The results could inform efforts to treat cancer patients.

Contact: Lindsay Taylor Key
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Adolescent binge drinking reduces brain myelin, impairs cognitive and behavioral control
Binge drinking can have lasting effects on brain pathways that are still developing during adolescence, say neuroscience researcher Heather N. Richardson and her colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Louisiana State University. Results of their study using a rodent model of adolescent drinking appear in the Oct. 29 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience,
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Advances in Political Psychology
Politics can interact with evolution to shape human destiny
Politics can have unintentional evolutionary consequences that may cause hastily issued policies to cascade into global, multigenerational problems, according to political scientists.

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Can the wave function of an electron be divided and trapped?
Electrons are elementary particles -- indivisible, unbreakable. But new research suggests the electron's quantum state -- the electron wave function -- can be separated into many parts. That has some strange implications for the theory of quantum mechanics. The research findings are published in the Journal of Low Temperature Physics.

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
CHORI scientists identify key factor in relationship between diet, inflammation and cancer
A team of Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland researchers has found that a category of lipids known as sphingolipids may be an important link in the relationship between diet, inflammation and cancer.
Chidlren's Hospital Oakland Research Institute

Contact: Melinda Krigel
Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Science Signaling
Scripps Florida scientists uncover major factor in development of Huntington's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have uncovered a major contributor to Huntington's disease, a devastating progressive neurological condition that produces involuntary movements, emotional disturbance and cognitive impairment.
The state of Florida, O'Keeffe Neuroscience Scholar Award

Contact: Eric Sauter
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
The effect of statins influenced by gene profiles
The Montreal Heart Institute Research Centre is once again pushing the limits of knowledge in personalized medicine. A meta-analysis combining the results of several pharmacogenomic studies and involving over 40,000 research subjects now makes it possible to demonstrate a different response to statins according to the patient's gene profile.

Contact: Julie Chevrette
514-376-3330 x2641
Montreal Heart Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Pair bonding reinforced in the brain
Zebra finches use their specialized song system for simple communication.

Contact: Andries Ter Maat

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Dissertations and Features
Wage disclosures for public officials lead to salary cuts, high turnover rates
In the era of big data, transparency has become a popular policy tool for addressing potential problems. But new research from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs shows that publicly disclosing personal information -- such as government officials' income -- may result in unintended consequences, such as pay cuts and turnover.

Contact: B. Rose Huber
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization
Are 'flops' a success in basketball?
'The defender improves his chances of drawing an offensive foul to some extent by falling intentionally vs. standing,' Morgulev explains. 'However professional players and coaches should be expected to make a broader assessment of their decisions and refrain form myopic thinking that flops are the right course of action.' With the 2014 NBA season starting next week, Morgulev believes that flopping should receive a more significant fine or punishment.

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Glacier song
Mountain glaciers represent one of the largest repositories of fresh water in alpine regions. However, little is known about the processes by which water moves through these systems. In this study published in Geology on 24 Oct. 2014, David S. Heeszel and colleagues use seismic recordings collected near Lake Gornersee in the Swiss Alps to look for signs of water moving through fractures near the glacier bed.

Contact: Kea Giles
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UC Davis scientists discover exact receptor for DEET that repels mosquitoes
The odorant receptor that makes DEET repellant to mosquitoes has been identified by a research team led by the University of California, Davis.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Pat Bailey
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Figuring out how we get the nitrogen we need
Caltech chemists have taken a crucial step toward unlocking the mystery of how bacteria use an enzyme called nitrogenase to convert nitrogen -- an essential component of all living systems -- from the inert molecule found in the atmosphere to a form that living systems can use.

Contact: Deborah Williams-Hedges
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
NASA gets a stare from Cyclone Nilofar's 14 mile-wide eye
Tropical Cyclone Nilofar developed an eye on Oct. 28 that seemed to stare at NASA's Terra satellite as it passed overhead in space. Warnings are already in effect from the India Meteorological Department as Nilofar is forecast to make landfall in northwestern India.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Cancer Research
Improving breast cancer chemo by testing patient's tumors in a dish
A team of biomedical engineers have developed a technique that monitors the response of 3-D chunks of a patient's tumor to determine how effective different anti-cancer drugs will be before starting chemotherapy.

Contact: David Salisbury
Vanderbilt University

Showing releases 126-150 out of 365.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>