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Showing releases 126-150 out of 353.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
JAMA Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery
Increased risk for head, neck cancers in patients with diabetes
Diabetes mellitus appears to increase the risk for head and neck cancer.
Taipei Medical University, Chi Mei Medical Center Research Fund

Contact: Yung-Song Li
kingear@gmail.com
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
8.2 percent of our DNA is 'functional'
Only 8.2 percent of human DNA is likely to be doing something important -- is 'functional' -- say Oxford University researchers.
Wellcome Trust, UK Medical Research Council

Contact: University of Oxford News & Information Office
news.office@admin.ox.ac.uk
44-186-528-0530
University of Oxford

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
Invertebrate numbers nearly halve as human population doubles
Invertebrate numbers have decreased by 45 percent on average over a 35 year period in which the human population doubled, reports a study on the impact of humans on declining animal numbers. This decline matters because of the enormous benefits invertebrates such as insects, spiders, crustaceans, slugs and worms bring to our day-to-day lives, including pollination and pest control for crops, decomposition for nutrient cycling, water filtration and human health.

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
r.caygill@ucl.ac.uk
44-020-310-83846
University College London

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
Atomic structure of key muscle component revealed in Penn study
Adding to the growing fundamental understanding of the machinery of muscle cells, a group of biophysicists from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania describe in the journal Science this week -- in minute detail -- how actin filaments are stabilized at one of their ends to form a basic muscle structure called the sarcomere.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karen Kreeger
karen.kreeger@uphs.upenn.edu
215-349-5658
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Genome Biology
Monitoring the rise and fall of the microbiome
Close analysis of bacteria in the human digestive tract reveals links to diet and other lifestyle factors.
National Science Foundation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
s_mcd@mit.edu
617-253-8923
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
New mass map of a distant galaxy cluster is the most precise yet
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have mapped the mass within a galaxy cluster more precisely than ever before. Created using observations from Hubble's Frontier Fields observing programme, the map shows the amount and distribution of mass within MCS J0416.1-2403, a massive galaxy cluster found to be 160 trillion times the mass of the Sun.

Contact: Georgia Bladon
gbladon@partner.eso.org
44-781-629-1261
ESA/Hubble Information Centre

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Genome Biology
Smartphone experiment tracks whether our life story is written in our gut bacteria
Life events such as visiting another country or contracting a disease cause a significant shift in the make-up of the gut microbiota -- the community of bacteria living in the digestive system, according to research published in the open-access journal Genome Biology. Two participants used smartphone apps to collect information every day for a year in the study by scientists from MIT and Harvard. The authors think the method could be rolled out to studies of human-bacteria relationships with many more participants.

Contact: Anna Perman
Anna.Perman@biomedcentral.com
44-020-319-22429
BioMed Central

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Leaf-mining insects destroyed with the dinosaurs, others quickly appeared
After the asteroid impact at the end of the Cretaceous period that triggered the dinosaurs' extinction and ushered in the Paleocene, leaf-mining insects in the western United States completely disappeared. Only a million years later, at Mexican Hat, in southeastern Montana, fossil leaves show diverse leaf-mining traces from new insects that were not present during the Cretaceous, according to paleontologists.

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Shift work linked to heightened risk of type 2 diabetes
Shift work is linked to a heightened risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with the risk seemingly greatest among men and those working rotating shift patterns, indicates an analysis of the available evidence published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Contact: Stephanie Burns
sburns@bmj.com
44-020-738-36920
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Sociological Review
Wives with more education than their husbands no longer at increased risk of divorce
For decades, couples in which a wife had more education than her husband faced a higher risk of divorce than those in which a husband had more education, but a new study finds this is no longer the case.

Contact: Daniel Fowler
pubinfo@asanet.org
202-527-7885
American Sociological Association

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Astrophysical Journal Letters
Highest-precision measurement of water in planet outside the solar system
The discovery of water vapour in the atmospheres of three exoplanets includes the most precise measurement of any chemical in a planet outside the solar system, and has major implications for planet formation and the search for water on Earth-like habitable exoplanets in future.

Contact: Sarah Collins
sarah.collins@admin.cam.ac.uk
44-012-237-65542
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Neuron
UCSF researchers uncover an unexpected role for endostatin in the nervous system
Researchers at UC San Francisco have discovered that endostatin, a protein that once aroused intense interest as a possible cancer treatment, plays a key role in the stable functioning of the nervous system.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeffrey Norris
jeffrey.norris@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
Global wildlife decline driving slave labor, organized crime
Global decline of wildlife populations is driving increases in violent conflicts, organized crime and child labor around the world, according to a policy paper led by UC Berkeley researchers. The authors call for biologists to join forces with experts such as economists, political scientists, criminologists, public health officials and international development specialists to collectively tackle a complex challenge.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@berkeley.edu
510-643-7741
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of American Society of Nephrology
Zerenex (ferric citrate) long-term Phase 3 study results published in JASN
Keryx Biopharmaceuticals Inc. announced the publication of results from the long-term, randomized, active control Phase 3 study of Zerenex (ferric citrate), the Company's investigational oral ferric iron-based phosphate binder, for the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis. The PERFECTED study (PhosphatE binding and iRon delivery with FErric CiTrate in EsrD) was published online today in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Contact: Amy Sullivan
amy.sullivan@keryx.com
617-466-3447
Edelman

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Pesticide linked to 3 generations of disease
Washington State University researchers say ancestral exposures to the pesticide methoxychlor may lead to adult onset kidney disease, ovarian disease and obesity in future generations.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael Skinner
skinner@wsu.edu
509-335-1524
Washington State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Cell
Mechanism found for development of protective HIV antibodies
Scientists at Duke Medicine have found an immunologic mechanism that makes broadly neutralizing antibodies in people who are HIV-1 infected.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Avery
sarah.avery@duke.edu
919-660-1306
Duke University Medical Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Communication
Using media as a stress reducer can lead to feelings of guilt and failure
After a long day at work, sometimes you just want to turn on the TV or play a video game to relax. This is supposed to make you feel better. But, a recent study published in the Journal of Communication, by researchers at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany, found that people who had high stress levels after work and engaged in television viewing or video game play didn't feel relaxed or recovered, but had high levels of guilt and feelings of failure.

Contact: John Paul Gutierrez
jpgutierrez@icahdq.org
International Communication Association

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Science
Jackson Laboratory researchers find new mechanism for neurodegeneration
A research team led by Jackson Laboratory professor and Howard Hughes investigator Susan Ackerman, Ph.D., have pinpointed a surprising mechanism behind neurodegeneration in mice, one that involves a defect in a key component of the cellular machinery that makes proteins, known as transfer RNA or tRNA.
NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Science Foundation

Contact: Joyce Peterson
joyce.peterson@jax.org
207-288-6058
Jackson Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Fighting bacteria -- with viruses
Research published today in PLOS Pathogens reveals how viruses called bacteriophages destroy the bacterium Clostridium difficile, which is becoming a serious problem in hospitals and healthcare institutes, due to its resistance to antibiotics. The study, by scientists at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory in Hamburg, Germany, could help bring about a new way of fighting this and other bacteria.

Contact: Sonia Furtado Neves
sonia.furtado@embl.de
European Molecular Biology Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
Newly discovered gut virus lives in half the world's population
Odds are, there's a virus living inside your gut that has gone undetected by scientists for decades. A new study led by researchers at San Diego State University has found that more than half the world's population is host to a newly described virus, named crAssphage, which infects one of the most common gut bacterial species, Bacteroides. This bacterium thought to be connected with obesity, diabetes and other gut-related diseases.

Contact: Natalia Elko
natalia.elko@mail.sdsu.edu
619-594-2585
San Diego State University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
The Lancet
Common blood thinner for pregnant women proven ineffective: Lancet study
A daily injection to the belly commonly prescribed for pregnant women at risk of developing blood clots is found to be ineffective in a clinical trial led by researchers at The Ottawa Hospital and published by the prestigious medical journal The Lancet.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada

Contact: Paddy Moore
padmoore@ohri.ca
613-737-8899 x73687
Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Test helps predict which children with kidney disease will respond to standard therapy
Among children with sporadic nephrotic syndrome, genetic mutations in the kidney's filtration barrier were frequently linked with a lack of response to immunosuppressive treatments. The genetic test was even more predictive than a kidney biopsy for identifying children who would not benefit from immunosuppressive therapies.

Contact: Tracy Hampton
thampton@nasw.org
American Society of Nephrology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Ferric citrate may reduce dialysis patients' need for multiple medications
Ferric citrate effectively reduced blood phosphorus levels while increasing iron stores and decreasing the need for intravenous iron and anemia medications in dialysis patients. The medication may help reduce complications and costs associated with kidney disease care.
Keryx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc.

Contact: Tracy Hampton
thampton@nasw.org
American Society of Nephrology

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Child Development
Community service programs that include reflection found to be more beneficial to youth
Using meta-analysis to asses 49 studies from around the world, researchers have found that community service that includes reflection is more beneficial for adolescents than community service that does not. The studies analyzed were conducted from 1980 to 2012 and involved 24,477 adolescent participants. Community service had a positive effect on academic, social, and civic outcomes. This effect was found to be substantial only in programs that included reflection. Positive outcomes were stronger when community service was performed more often.
Utrecht University

Contact: Hannah Klein
hklein@srcd.org
202-289-0320
Society for Research in Child Development

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Urogynecologic Society 2014 Scientific Meeting
Female triathletes at risk for pelvic floor disorders and other complications
Female triathletes are at risk for pelvic floor disorders, decreased energy, menstrual irregularities and abnormal bone density, according to researchers at Loyola University Health System. These data were presented at the American Urogynecologic Society 2014 Scientific Meeting in Washington, D.C.

Contact: Nora Dudley
nodudley@lumc.edu
708-417-5014
Loyola University Health System

Showing releases 126-150 out of 353.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>