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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 126-150 out of 356.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Nature Materials
Engineering long-lasting joint lubrication by mimicking nature
By finding a way to bind a slippery molecule naturally found in the fluid that surrounds healthy joints, Johns Hopkins researchers have engineered surfaces that have the potential to deliver long-lasting lubrication at specific spots throughout the body. The finding, described in the Aug. 3 online edition of Nature Materials, could eventually offer a new way to ease the pain of arthritic joints, keep artificial joints working smoothly or even make contact lenses more comfortable.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Arthritis Research Foundation, US Department of Defense, Wallace H. Coulter Foundation, Ort Philanthropic Fund and Research to Prevent

Contact: Lauren Nelson
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Academic Medicine
GW researchers develop model to study impact of faculty development programs
Researchers from ‪the George Washington University introduce a new model to demonstrate how faculty development programming can affect institutional behaviors, beyond the individual participant.

Contact: Lisa Anderson
George Washington University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Cell Reports
500 million year reset for the immune system
A single factor can reset the immune system of mice to a state likely similar to what it was 500 million years ago, when the first vertebrates emerged.

Contact: Thomas Boehm

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Estuaries and Coasts
Project serves up big data to guide managing nation's coastal waters
In this week's edition of Estuaries and Coasts, a Michigan State University doctoral student joins with others to give a sweeping assessment to understand how human activities are affecting estuaries, the nation's sounds, bays, gulfs and bayous.
National Fish Habitat Partnership

Contact: Sue Nichols
Michigan State University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
A new species of endemic treefrog from Madagascar
A new species of the Boophis rappiodes group is described from Madagascar. This green with bright red speckling treefrog is so far only known from the hidden streams of Ankarafa Forest in northwestern part of the island. The new species presents a high genetic divergence and different call but it is highly threatened by the continuing decline in the quality and extent of its habitat. The study was published in the open access journal ZooKeys.

Contact: Gonçalo M. Rosa
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
USENIX Security
New tool makes online personal data more transparent
Roxana Geambasu and Augustin Chaintreau, assistant professors of computer science at Columbia Engineering, have developed XRay, a new tool that reveals which data in a web account, such as emails, searches, or viewed products, are being used to target which outputs, such as ads, recommended products, or prices. They are presenting the prototype, an open source system designed to make the online use of personal data more transparent, at USENIX Security on August 20.

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Study reveals immune system is dazed and confused during spaceflight
Data indicates that crew members aboard the International Space Station have changes in blood cytokines that persist during flight.

Contact: Laurie Abadie
NASA/Johnson Space Center

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Conservation Letters
Study: World's primary forests on the brink
An international team of conservationist scientists and practitioners has published new research showing the precarious state of the world's primary forests.

Contact: Stephen Sautner
Wildlife Conservation Society

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of General Internal Medicine
Blood pressure medication does not cause more falls
It's time to question the common belief that patients receiving intensive blood pressure treatment are prone to falling and breaking bones. A comprehensive study in people ages 40 to 79 with diabetes, led by Karen Margolis, M.D., of HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research in the US, found no evidence supporting this belief. The study appears in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, published by Springer.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Cancer Cell
New mouse model points to therapy for liver disease
In a paper published online in Cancer Cell, scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine describe a novel mouse model that closely resembles human NASH and use it to demonstrate that interference with a key inflammatory protein inhibits both the development of NASH and its progression to liver cancer.
National Institutes of Health, Superfund Basic Research Program, Daiichi Sankyo Foundation of Life Science and Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Astellas Foundation for Research

Contact: Scott LaFee
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Pigs' hearts transplanted into baboon hosts remain viable more than a year
Investigators from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health have successfully transplanted hearts from genetically engineered piglets into baboons' abdomens and had the hearts survive for more than one year, twice as long as previously reported. This was achieved by using genetically engineered porcine donors and a more focused immunosuppression regimen in the baboon recipients, according to a study published in The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Contact: Nicole Baritot
American Association for Thoracic Surgery

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Energy & Environmental Science
Recycling old batteries into solar cells
An environmental twofer could recycle lead batteries to make solar cells.

Contact: Andrew Carleen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Sexual Medicine
Study reveals sex differences in experiencing orgasms
Among single adults in the US, women, regardless of sexual orientation, have less predictable, more varied orgasm experiences than do men, new research indicates. The study revealed that men experience orgasm during sexual activity with a familiar partner 85 percent of the time on average, compared with 63 percent of the time for women.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Invasion of the Americas by mosquito-borne virus likely
While media attention has been focused recently on coronavirus cases in the Arabian peninsula and the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, experts note that another threat lies in the spread of Chikungunya fever, an illness that is transmitted by mosquitoes and can cause fever, joint and muscle pain, headaches, and rashes. While it does not often cause death, the symptoms can be severe and disabling, with no treatment available.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
American Journal of Human Biology
Smoking during pregnancy may affect grandchildren's growth
A UK study published in the American Journal of Human Biology has found that smoking during pregnancy has discernible effects on the growth of a woman's future grandkids.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Ocean warming could drive heavy rain bands toward the poles
In a world warmed by rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations, precipitation patterns are going to change because of two factors: one, warmer air can hold more water; and two, changing atmospheric circulation patterns will shift where rain falls. According to previous model research, mid- to high-latitude precipitation is expected to increase by as much as 50 percent. Yet the reasons why models predict this are hard to tease out.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Animal Ecology
Ebola has profound effects on wildlife population dynamics
New research in gorillas that were affected by an Ebola virus outbreak shows that disease can influence reproductive potential, immigration and social dynamics, and it highlights the need to develop complex models that integrate all the different impacts of a disease.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Vaccines can cut the spread of meningitis by nearly 40 percent
Investigators at the University of Southampton have discovered that two new vaccines can prevent the transmission of meningitis bacteria from person to person.

Contact: Becky Attwood
University of Southampton

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Are children who play violent video games at greater risk for depression?
While much attention has focused on the link between violent video game playing and aggression among youths, a new study finds significantly increased signs of depression among preteens with high daily exposure to violent video games. The details and implications of this important new study are described in Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Study suggests hatha yoga boosts brain function in older adults
Practicing hatha yoga three times a week for eight weeks improved sedentary older adults' performance on cognitive tasks that are relevant to everyday life, researchers report.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Ecology Letters
Butterflies' evolutionary responses to warmer temperatures may compromise their ability to adapt to future climate change
Members of the brown argus butterfly species that moved north in response to recent climate change have evolved a narrower diet dependent on wild Geranium plants, UK researchers report. However, butterflies that did not move north have more diverse diets, including plants such as Rockrose that are abundant in southern parts of the UK.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Did an exceptional iceberg sink the Titanic?
While the sinking of the Titanic in 1912 is typically blamed on human, design and construction errors, a new Significance paper points to two other unfavorable factors outside human control: there were a greater number of icebergs than normal that year, and weather conditions had driven them further south, and earlier in the year, than was usual.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Free fatty acids may be as effective as antibiotics in treating catheter infections
Researchers at Rhode Island Hospital, Veterans Affair Medical Center in Providence and University of Rhode Island have found that a free fatty acid, made up of compounds similar to those naturally made in the body, may be as effective at fighting certain infections as antibiotics. More and more bacteria are developing resistance to commonly used antibiotics, and this study shows that clinicians may have an alternative to treat infections caused by intravenous catheters.

Contact: Ellen Slingsby

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Transportation Science
Electric vehicle consumers better off with electric range under 100 miles: INFORMS study
Until battery cost is cut down to $100 per kilowatt hour, the majority of US consumers for battery electric vehicles will be better off by choosing an electric vehicle with a range below 100 miles, according to a new study in the Articles in Advance section of Transportation Science, a journal of the Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences.

Contact: Barry List
Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences

Public Release: 18-Aug-2014
Health Psychology
White, straight women leading surge in infertility treatments
Heterosexual white women are twice as likely as racial or sexual minority women to obtain medical help to get pregnant, according to a recent study published by the American Psychological Association.

Contact: Audrey Hamilton
American Psychological Association

Showing releases 126-150 out of 356.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>