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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 151-175 out of 462.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Molecular Human Reproduction
Sperm wars
Why do male animals need millions of sperms every day in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes anyway? These and related questions are the topic of the latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction published today. The evolutionary biologist Steven Ramm from Bielefeld University has compiled this special issue on sperm competition.

Contact: Steven A. Ramm
Bielefeld University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Human Movement Science
University of Toronto study finds that action video games bolster sensorimotor skills
A study led by University of Toronto psychology researchers has found that people who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin's Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do.

Contact: Kim Luke
University of Toronto

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nano Letters
Superconducting circuits, simplified
New circuit design could unlock the power of experimental superconducting computer chips.
National Science Foundation, Director of National Intelligence

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
How the brain leads us to believe we have sharp vision
We assume that we can see the world around us in sharp detail. In fact, our eyes can only process a fraction of our surroundings precisely. In a series of experiments, psychologists at Bielefeld University have been investigating how the brain fools us into believing that we see in sharp detail. The results have been published in the scientific magazine 'Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.'

Contact: Dr. Arvid Herwig
Bielefeld University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Physical Biology
Physicists warning to 'nail beauty fans' applies to animals too
The daily trimming of fingernails and toenails to make them more aesthetically pleasing could be detrimental and potentially lead to serious nail conditions. New research into nail growth, carried out by physicists at The University of Nottingham, will also improve our understanding of disease in the hooves of farm animals and horses.

Contact: Lindsay Brooke
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nature Genetics
High-speed evolution in the lab
Organisms require flexible genomes in order to adapt to changes in the environment. Scientists from the Vetmeduni Vienna study genomes of entire populations. They want to know why individuals differ from each other and how these differences are encoded in the DNA. In two review papers published in the journals Nature Reviews Genetics and Heredity, they discuss why DNA sequencing of entire groups can be an efficient and cost-effective way to answer these questions.

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Chemical Communications
Scientific breakthrough will help design the antibiotics of the future
Scientists have used computer simulations to show how bacteria are able to destroy antibiotics -- a breakthrough which will help develop drugs which can effectively tackle infections in the future.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Philippa Walker
University of Bristol

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Emergency aid for overdoses
Every minute counts in the event of an overdose. ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux and his team have developed an agent to filter out toxins from the body more quickly and efficiently. It can also be used for dialysis in patients suffering from hepatic failure.

Contact: Dr. Jean-Christophe Leroux
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Infection and Immunity
Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria can grow directly in the lungs of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights into bacteria behavior and growth in chronic infections.

Contact: Thomas Bjarnsholt
University of Copenhagen The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Australian volcanic mystery explained: ANU media release
Scientists have solved a long-standing mystery surrounding Australia's only active volcanic area. The volcanism springs from a unique interaction between the continent's movement north and local variations in its thickness.

Contact: Dr. Rhodri Davies
Australian National University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
UEG Week 2014
New pill-only regimens cure patients with hardest-to-treat hepatitis C infection
Two new pill-only regimens that rapidly cure most patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C infection could soon be widely prescribed across Europe. Two recently published studies confirmed the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with two oral direct-acting antiviral agents, with around 90 percent of patients cured after just 12 weeks of treatment.

Contact: Samantha Forster
Spink Health

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Study shows children who have had enterovirus infection are around 50 percent more likely to have type 1 diabetes
A new study published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, shows that children who have been infected with enterovirus are 48 percent more likely to have developed type 1 diabetes.

Contact: Dr. Tsai Chung-Li

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Divide and conquer: Novel trick helps rare pathogen infect healthy people
New research into a rare pathogen has shown how a unique evolutionary trait allows it to infect even the healthiest of hosts through a smart solution to the body's immune response against it.

Contact: Luke Harrison
University of Birmingham

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
American Journal of Pathology
Presence of enzyme may worsen effects of spinal cord injury and impair long-term recovery
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with few treatment options. Studies show that damage to the barrier separating blood from the spinal cord can contribute to the neurologic deficits that arise secondary to the initial trauma. Researchers reporting in The American Journal of Pathology suggest that matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) plays a pivotal role in disruption of the brain/spinal cord barrier, cell death, and functional deficits after SCI. This link also presents new therapeutic possibilities.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Cell Reports
High-fat meals could be more harmful to males than females, according to new obesity research
Male and female brains are not equal when it comes to the biological response to a high-fat diet. Cedars-Sinai Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute scientist Deborah Clegg, Ph.D., and a team of international investigators found that the brains of male laboratory mice exposed to the same high-fat diet as their female counterparts developed brain inflammation and heart disease that were not seen in the females.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Coverson
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Tissue Engineering
First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus
In a first step toward future human therapies, researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown that esophageal tissue can be grown in vivo from both human and mouse cells.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Debra Kain
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
UCLA research could help improve bladder function among people with spinal cord injuries
New UCLA research may lead to dramatically fewer bladder infections following spinal cord injuries and other traumatic injuries -- infections that can cause kidney damage, and even death.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Astronomical Journal
Explosion first evidence of a hydrogen-deficient supernova progenitor
A model presented by Kavli IPMU provides the first characterization of the progenitor for a hydrogen-deficient supernova. The model predicts that a bright hot star, which is the binary companion to an exploding object, remains after the explosion.Their findings have important implications for the evolution of massive stars.

Contact: James Cohen
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
NASA study finds 1934 had worst drought of last thousand years
A new study using a reconstruction of North American drought history over the last 1,000 years found that the drought of 1934 was the driest and most widespread of the last millennium.

Contact: Ellen Gray
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
NASA spacecraft provides new information about sun's atmosphere
NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph has provided scientists with five new findings into how the sun's atmosphere, or corona, is heated far hotter than its surface, what causes the sun's constant outflow of particles called the solar wind, and what mechanisms accelerate particles that power solar flares.

Contact: Susan Hendrix
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Astrophysical Journal Letters
NASA's Hubble finds extremely distant galaxy through cosmic magnifying glass
Peering through a giant cosmic magnifying glass, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has spotted a tiny, faint galaxy -- one of the farthest galaxies ever seen. The diminutive object is estimated to be more than 13 billion light-years away.

Contact: Ray Villard
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
NASA begins sixth year of airborne Antarctic ice change study
NASA is carrying out its sixth consecutive year of Operation IceBridge research flights over Antarctica to study changes in the continent's ice sheet, glaciers and sea ice. This year's airborne campaign, which began its first flight Thursday morning, will revisit a section of the Antarctic ice sheet that recently was found to be in irreversible decline.

Contact: George Hale
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Remote Sensing
First detailed map of aboveground forest carbon stocks in Mexico unveiled
Available for download today, the Woods Hole Research Center and Allianza MREDD+ released the first detailed map of aboveground forest carbon stocks of Mexico. This carbon stock inventory is very valuable for Mexico, as one of the first tropical nations to voluntarily pledge to mitigation actions within the context of the United Nation's Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation program.
United States Agency for International Development, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation,, David and Lucille Packard Foundation

Contact: Eunice Youmans
Woods Hole Research Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
How a molecular Superman protects the genome from damage
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory scientists have found a new role for the RNAi protein Dicer in preserving genomic stability. They discovered that Dicer helps prevent collisions during DNA replication by freeing transcription machinery from active genes. Without Dicer function, transcription and replication machinery collide, leading to DNA damage and massive changes across the genome changes that are associated with aging and cancer.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Spanish Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute-Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Jaclyn Jansen
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
New Univeristy of Virginia study upends current theories of how mitochondria began
Parasitic bacteria were the first cousins of the mitochondria that power cells in animals and plants -- and first acted as energy parasites in cells before becoming beneficial, according to a new University of Virginia study.

Contact: Fariss Samarrai
University of Virginia

Showing releases 151-175 out of 462.

<< < 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 > >>