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Showing releases 201-225 out of 407.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
The science of charismatic voices
When a right-wing Italian politician named Umberto Bossi suffered a severe stroke in 2004, his speech became permanently impaired. Strangely, this change impacted Bossi's perception among his party's followers -- from appearing authoritarian to benevolent. Now researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles think they know why.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
Acoustical Society of America

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
168th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America
Nestling birds struggle in noisy environments
Unable to fly, nestling birds depend on their parents for both food and protection: vocal communication between parents and offspring helps young birds to determine when they should beg for food and when they should crouch in the nest to avoid a predator seeking an easy meal. A group of researchers has found that ambient, anthropomorphic noise -- from traffic, construction and other human activities -- can break this vital communications link, leaving nestlings vulnerable or hungry.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
Acoustical Society of America

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Biology
Running robots of future may learn from world's best 2-legged runners: Birds
With an eye toward making better running robots, researchers have made surprising new findings about some of nature's most energy efficient bipeds -- running birds. Their skills may have evolved from the time of the dinosaurs and they may now be superior to any other bipedal runners -- including humans.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Human Frontier Science Program

Contact: Jonathan Hurst
jonathan.hurst@oregonstate.edu
541-737-7010
Oregon State University

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Radiology
Stanford study finds brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue patients
An imaging study by Stanford University School of Medicine investigators has found distinct differences between the brains of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and those of healthy people.

Contact: Bruce Goldman
goldmanb@stanford.edu
650-725-2106
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
2014 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons
Breast and colorectal cancers remain more aggressive in children
Breast and colorectal cancers rarely occur in children, but when they do, these conditions are more precarious, according to a pair of National Cancer Data Base studies presented this week at the 2014 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons.

Contact: Sally Garneski
pressinquiry@facs.org
312-202-5409
American College of Surgeons

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Current Biology
Liberal or conservative? Reactions to disgust are a dead giveaway
The way a person's brain responds to a single disgusting image is enough to reliably predict whether he or she identifies politically as liberal or conservative. As we approach Election Day, the researchers say that the findings reported in the Cell Press journal Current Biology on Oct. 30 come as a reminder of something we all know but probably don't always do: 'Think, don't just react.'

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Radiology
MRI identifies brain abnormalities in chronic fatigue syndrome patients
Researchers using a combination of different imaging techniques have found structural abnormalities in the brains of people with chronic fatigue syndrome, according to a new study. The results suggest a potential role for imaging in diagnosing and treating the condition.
Division of Infectious Disease CFS Fund

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Trends in Microbiology
Can social media help stop the spread of HIV?
In addition to providing other potential benefits to public health, all of those tweets and Facebook posts could help curb the spread of HIV. Although public health researchers have focused early applications of social media on reliably monitoring the spread of diseases such as the flu, Sean Young writes in an article in the Cell Press journal Trends in Microbiology of a future in which social media might predict and even change biomedical outcomes.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
moleary@cell.com
617-397-2802
Cell Press

Public Release: 29-Oct-2014
Neurology
Low-carb, high-fat diets may reduce seizures in tough-to-treat epilepsy
Diets high in fat and low in carbohydrates, such as the ketogenic or modified Atkins diet, may reduce seizures in adults with tough-to-treat epilepsy, according to a review of the research published in the Oct. 29, 2014, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Contact: Rachel Seroka
rseroka@aan.com
612-928-6129
American Academy of Neurology

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nano Energy
New solar power material converts 90 percent of captured light into heat
A multidisciplinary engineering team at the University of California, San Diego developed a new nanoparticle-based material for concentrating solar power plants designed to absorb and convert to heat more than 90 percent of the sunlight it captures. The new material can also withstand temperatures greater than 700 degrees Celsius and survive many years outdoors in spite of exposure to air and humidity.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Catherine Hockmuth
chockmuth@ucsd.edu
858-822-1359
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Molecular Biology
Blood test developed to diagnose early onset Alzheimer's disease
A non-invasive blood test that could diagnose early onset Alzheimer's disease with increased accuracy has been developed by University of Melbourne researchers.

Contact: Liz Banks-Anderson
banks@unimelb.edu.au
61-383-444-362
University of Melbourne

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers
CU Denver study says upgrading infrastructure could reduce flood damage
The severe flooding that devastated a wide swath of Colorado last year might have been less destructive if the bridges, roads and other infrastructure had been upgraded or modernized, according to a new study from the University of Colorado Denver.

Contact: David Kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-315-6374
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
Genome sequenced of enterovirus D68 circulating in St. Louis
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have sequenced the genome of enterovirus D68 sampled from patients treated at St. Louis Children's Hospital. Nationwide, the virus has spread rapidly in recent months and caused severe respiratory illness in young children, with some patients requiring hospitalization.
National Institutes of Health, Alan A. and Edith L. Wolff Distinguished Professorship at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Contact: Julia Evangelou Strait
straitj@wustl.edu
314-286-0141
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Where you live doesn't matter if you have heart disease, study finds
People living in rural areas are at no greater risk of dying from heart disease than their urban counterparts, according to a new study by researchers at Women's College Hospital and the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences.

Contact: Julie Saccone
julie.saccone@wchospital.ca
416-323-6400 x4054
Women's College Hospital

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
NASA's LRO spacecraft captures images of LADEE's impact crater
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft has spied a new crater on the lunar surface; one made from the impact of NASA's Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer mission.
NASA

Contact: Nancy Neal-Jones
nancy.n.jones@nasa.gov
301-286-0039
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Animal study suggests heavy drinking in adolescence associated with lasting brain changes
Heavy drinking during adolescence may lead to structural changes in the brain and memory deficits that persist into adulthood, according to an animal study published October 29 in The Journal of Neuroscience. The study found that, even as adults, rats given daily access to alcohol during adolescence had reduced levels of myelin -- the fatty coating on nerve fibers that accelerates the transmission of electrical signals between neurons.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Emily Ortman
media@sfn.org
202-962-4090
Society for Neuroscience

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Science Signaling
Modeling cancer: Virginia Tech researchers prove models can predict cellular processes
Researchers developed mathematical models to predict the dynamics of cell transitions, and compared their results with actual measurements of activity in cell populations. The results could inform efforts to treat cancer patients.

Contact: Lindsay Taylor Key
ltkey@vt.edu
540-231-6594
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Adolescent binge drinking reduces brain myelin, impairs cognitive and behavioral control
Binge drinking can have lasting effects on brain pathways that are still developing during adolescence, say neuroscience researcher Heather N. Richardson and her colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Louisiana State University. Results of their study using a rodent model of adolescent drinking appear in the Oct. 29 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience,
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Advances in Political Psychology
Politics can interact with evolution to shape human destiny
Politics can have unintentional evolutionary consequences that may cause hastily issued policies to cascade into global, multigenerational problems, according to political scientists.

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Can the wave function of an electron be divided and trapped?
Electrons are elementary particles -- indivisible, unbreakable. But new research suggests the electron's quantum state -- the electron wave function -- can be separated into many parts. That has some strange implications for the theory of quantum mechanics. The research findings are published in the Journal of Low Temperature Physics.

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Journal of Clinical Investigation
CHORI scientists identify key factor in relationship between diet, inflammation and cancer
A team of Children's Hospital and Research Center Oakland researchers has found that a category of lipids known as sphingolipids may be an important link in the relationship between diet, inflammation and cancer.
Chidlren's Hospital Oakland Research Institute

Contact: Melinda Krigel
mkrigel@mail.cho.org
510-428-3069
Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Science Signaling
Scripps Florida scientists uncover major factor in development of Huntington's disease
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have uncovered a major contributor to Huntington's disease, a devastating progressive neurological condition that produces involuntary movements, emotional disturbance and cognitive impairment.
The state of Florida, O'Keeffe Neuroscience Scholar Award

Contact: Eric Sauter
esauter@scripps.edu
267-337-3859
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
The effect of statins influenced by gene profiles
The Montreal Heart Institute Research Centre is once again pushing the limits of knowledge in personalized medicine. A meta-analysis combining the results of several pharmacogenomic studies and involving over 40,000 research subjects now makes it possible to demonstrate a different response to statins according to the patient's gene profile.

Contact: Julie Chevrette
julie.chevrette@icm-mhi.org
514-376-3330 x2641
Montreal Heart Institute

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
Pair bonding reinforced in the brain
Zebra finches use their specialized song system for simple communication.

Contact: Andries Ter Maat
termaat@orn.mpg.de
49-815-793-2274
Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Public Release: 28-Oct-2014
Dissertations and Features
Wage disclosures for public officials lead to salary cuts, high turnover rates
In the era of big data, transparency has become a popular policy tool for addressing potential problems. But new research from Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs shows that publicly disclosing personal information -- such as government officials' income -- may result in unintended consequences, such as pay cuts and turnover.

Contact: B. Rose Huber
brhuber@princeton.edu
609-258-0157
Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Showing releases 201-225 out of 407.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>