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Showing releases 201-225 out of 409.

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Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Researchers see hospitalization records as additional tool
By comparing hospitalization records from Massachusetts hospitals with data reported to local boards of health found a more accurate way to monitor how well communities track disease outbreaks.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alex Reid
Tufts University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Scientists achieve first direct observations of excitons in motion
Technique developed at MIT reveals the motion of energy-carrying quasiparticles in solid material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Low vitamin D may not be a culprit in menopause symptoms
A new study from the Women's Health Initiative shows no significant connection between vitamin D levels and menopause symptoms. The study was published online today in Menopause, the journal of The North American Menopause Society.
NIH/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Contact: Jennifer Bahun
The North American Menopause Society (NAMS)

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Chemists celebrate Earth Day: Showcasing the scientists who keep our water safe (video)
Water is arguably the most important resource on the planet. In celebration of Earth Day, the American Chemical Society is showcasing three scientists whose research keeps water safe, clean and available for future generations. Geared towards elementary and middle school students, the 'Chemists Celebrate Earth Day' series highlights the important work that chemists and chemical engineers do every day. The videos are available at

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Hide and seek: Revealing camouflaged bacteria
A research team at the Biozentrum of the University of Basel has discovered an protein family that plays a central role in the fight against the bacterial pathogen Salmonella within the cells. The so called interferon-induced GTPases reveal and eliminate the bacterium's camouflage in the cell, enabling the cell to recognize the pathogen and to render it innocuous. The findings are published in the current issue of the science magazine Nature.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
University of Basel

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
International Journal of Robotics Research
Simplicity is key to co-operative robots
A way of making hundreds -- or even thousands -- of tiny robots cluster to carry out tasks without using any memory or processing power has been developed by engineers at the University of Sheffield, UK.
European Social Fund

Contact: Abigail Chard
University of Sheffield

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Sperm meets egg: Protein essential for fertilization discovered
Fertilisation occurs when an egg and a sperm recognise each other and fuse together. Until now, the biology behind this interaction, fundamental to life, has remained a mystery. In a study published in Nature, scientists from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute have discovered the first fundamental biological interaction between the sperm and the egg. This discovery may help to improve fertility treatments and the development of new contraceptives. Here is a link to an additional explanatory video:
Wellcome Trust Funded

Contact: Mary Clarke
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Russian History
Medieval slave trade routes in Eastern Europe extended from Finland and the Baltic Countries to Asia
The routes of slave trade in Eastern Europe in the medieval and pre-modern period extended all the way to the Caspian Sea and Central Asia. A recent study completed at the University of Eastern Finland suggests that persons captured during raids into areas which today constitute parts of Finland, the Russian Karelia and the Baltic Countries ended up being sold on these remote trade routes.

Contact: Jukka Korpela
University of Eastern Finland

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
JAMA Dermatology
Dermatologists with access to sample drugs write costlier prescriptions, Stanford study finds
Dermatologists with access to free drug samples are more likely than those without access to samples to write prescriptions for drugs that are more expensive, according to a study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Contact: Krista Conger
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Earliest ancestor of land herbivores discovered
New research from the University of Toronto Mississauga demonstrates how carnivores transitioned into herbivores for the first time on land.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Nicolle Wahl
University of Toronto

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Scientists re-define what's healthy in newest analysis for Human Microbiome Project
As scientists catalog the trillions of bacteria found in the human body, a new look by the University of Michigan shows wide variation in the types of bacteria found in healthy people.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Ancient shark fossil reveals new insights into jaw evolution
The skull of a newly discovered 325-million-year-old shark-like species suggests that early cartilaginous and bony fishes have more to tell us about the early evolution of jawed vertebrates -- including humans -- than do modern sharks, as was previously thought. The new study, led by scientists at the American Museum of Natural History, shows that living sharks are actually quite advanced in evolutionary terms, despite having retained their basic 'sharkiness' over millions of years.
Herbert & Evelyn Axelrod Research Chair in Paleoichthyology at the American Museum of Natural History

Contact: Kendra Snyder
American Museum of Natural History

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
The Lancet: Changing where a baby is held immediately after birth could lead to improved uptake of procedure that reduces infant iron deficiency
Changing where a newborn baby is held before its umbilical cord is clamped could lead to improved uptake in hospitals of delayed cord clamping, leading to a decreased risk of iron deficiency in infancy, according to new results published in The Lancet.

Contact: Nestor Vain
The Lancet

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Society for General Microbiology Annual Conference 2014
Research shows that bacteria survive longer in contact lens cleaning solution than thought
Each year in the UK, bacterial infections cause around 6,000 cases of a severe eye condition known as microbial keratitis, which can lead to loss of vision. New research, presented today at the Society for General Microbiology Annual Conference in Liverpool, shows that a bacterial strain associated with more severe infections shows enhanced resistance to a common contact lens disinfectant solution.

Contact: Benjamin Thompson
Society for General Microbiology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Off-season doesn't allow brain to recover from football hits, study says
Six months off may not be long enough for the brains of football players to completely heal after a single season, putting them at even greater risk of head injury the next season.
National Football League Charities

Contact: Leslie Orr
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Research may help doctors predict who gets long-term complications from Lyme disease
A team of scientists led by Johns Hopkins and Stanford University researchers has laid the groundwork for understanding how variations in immune responses to Lyme disease can contribute to the many different outcomes of this bacterial infection seen in individual patients. A report on the work appears online April 16 in PLOS One.
NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Contact: Stephanie Desmon
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Physical Review Letters
Searching for dark energy with neutrons
It does not always take a huge accelerator to do particle physics: First results from a low energy, table top alterative takes validity of Newtonian gravity down by five orders of magnitude and narrows the potential properties of the forces and particles that may exist beyond it by more than one hundred thousand times. Gravity resonance spectroscopy, a method developed at the Vienna University of Technology, is so sensitive that it can now be used to search for Dark Matter and Dark Energy.

Contact: Florian Aigner
Vienna University of Technology

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
BMJ Quality and Safety
At least 1 in 20 adult outpatients misdiagnosed in US every year
At least one in 20 adults is misdiagnosed in outpatient clinics in the US every year, amounting to 12 million people nationwide, and posing a 'substantial patient safety risk,' finds research published online in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Contact: Stephanie Burns
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Study provides crucial new information about how the ice ages came about
An international team of scientists has discovered new relationships between deep-sea temperature and ice-volume changes to provide crucial new information about how the ice ages came about.

Contact: Becky Attwood
University of Southampton

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
A study in scarlet
This new image from ESO's La Silla Observatory in Chile reveals a cloud of hydrogen called Gum 41. In the middle of this little-known nebula, brilliant hot young stars are giving off energetic radiation that causes the surrounding hydrogen to glow with a characteristic red hue.

Contact: Richard Hook

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Researchers develop a new drug to combat the measles
A novel antiviral drug may protect people infected with the measles from getting sick and prevent them from spreading the virus to others, an international team of researchers says.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology
Creative activities outside work can improve job performance
Employees who pursue creative activities outside of work may find that these activities boost their performance on the job, according to a new study by San Francisco State University organizational psychologist Kevin Eschleman and colleagues. Creative pursuits away from work seem to have a direct effect on factors such as creative problem solving and helping others while on the job.

Contact: Jonathan Morales
San Francisco State University

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Journal of Adolescent Health
Masculine boys, feminine girls more likely to engage in cancer risk behaviors
The most 'feminine' girls and 'masculine' boys -- are more likely than their peers to engage in behaviors that pose cancer risks, according to a new study led by Harvard School of Public Health researchers. The most feminine teenage girls use tanning beds more frequently and are more likely to be physically inactive, while the most masculine teenage boys are more likely to chew tobacco and smoke cigars compared with gender-nonconforming peers.
National Institutes of Health, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, Leadership Education in Adolescent Health Project

Contact: Marge Dwyer
Harvard School of Public Health

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
Nature Communications
Warm US West, cold East: A 4,000-year pattern
Last winter's curvy jet stream pattern brought mild temperatures to western North America and harsh cold to the East. A University of Utah-led study shows that pattern became more pronounced 4,000 years ago, and suggests it may worsen as Earth's climate warms.
National Science Foundation, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and others

Contact: Lee J. Siegel
University of Utah

Public Release: 16-Apr-2014
New species discovery sheds light on herbivore evolution
A new fossil may provide evidence that large caseid herbivores, the largest known terrestrial vertebrates of their time, evolved from small non-herbivorous members of that group.

Contact: Kayla Graham

Showing releases 201-225 out of 409.

<< < 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 > >>