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Showing releases 226-250 out of 346.

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Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Wildlife response to climate change is likely underestimated, experts warn
Analyzing thousands of breeding bird surveys sent in by citizen scientists over 35 years, wildlife researchers report that most of the 40 songbird species they studied shifted either northward or toward higher elevation in response to climate change, but did not necessarily do both. This means that most previous studies of potential climate change impacts on wildlife that looked only at one factor or the other have likely underestimated effects.
US Forest Service Northern Research Station

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Annals of Oncology
EORTC and SIOG update expert opinion on management of elderly patients with NSCLC
In an article appearing in the Annals of Oncology, the EORTC Cancer in the Elderly Task Force and Lung Cancer Group along with the International Society for Geriatric Oncology have updated their expert opinion on managing treatment for elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer. This update includes recommendations for screening, surgery, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy, treatment of locally advanced and metastatic disease as well as new data on patient preferences and geriatric assessment.
Fonds Cancer

Contact: John Bean
john.bean@eortc.be
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Male health linked to testosterone exposure in womb, study finds
Men's susceptibility to serious health conditions may be influenced by low exposure to testosterone in the womb, new research from the University of Edinburgh suggests.

Contact: Jen Middleton
jen.middleton@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-6514
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Brain size matters when it comes to animal self-control
Chimpanzees may throw tantrums like toddlers, but their total brain size suggests they have more self-control than, say, a gerbil or fox squirrel, according to a new study of 36 species of mammals and birds ranging from orangutans to zebra finches.

Contact: Yasmin Anwar
yanwar@berkeley.edu
510-643-7944
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
FASEB releases updated NIH state factsheets
The Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology has released updated factsheets for fiscal year 2013 highlighting how funding from the National Institutes of Health benefits each of the 50 states, DC, and Puerto Rico.

Contact: Lawrence Green
lgreen@faseb.org
301-634-7335
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Report recommends insurers use prescription monitoring data to reduce opioid abuse, deaths
The Prescription Drug Monitoring Program Center of Excellence at Brandeis University has issued a ground-breaking report recommending that medical insurers use prescription monitoring data to reduce the overdoses, deaths and health care costs associated with abuse of opioids and other prescription drugs.
US Department of Justice

Contact: Tom Clark
twclark@brandeis.edu
781-736-3970
Brandeis University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Neuron
Life stressors trigger neurological disorders, researchers find
When mothers are exposed to trauma, illness, alcohol or other drug abuse, these stressors may activate a single molecular trigger in brain cells that can go awry and activate conditions such as schizophrenia, post-traumatic stress disorder and some forms of autism.

Contact: Joe Cantlupe
jcantlupe@childrensnational.org
202-476-4500
Children's National Medical Center

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Psychological Science
Speed-reading apps may impair reading comprehension by limiting ability to backtrack
To address the fact that many of us are on the go and pressed for time, app developers have devised speed-reading software that eliminates the time we supposedly waste by moving our eyes as we read. But don't throw away your books, papers, and e-readers just yet -- research suggests that the eye movements we make during reading actually play a critical role in our ability to understand what we've just read.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Two genes linked to inflammatory bowel disease
Cincinnati Cancer Center and University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute researcher Susan Waltz, Ph.D., and scientists in her lab have done what is believed to be the first direct genetic study to document the important function for the Ron receptor, a cell surface protein often found in certain cancers, and its genetic growth factor, responsible for stimulating cell growth, in the development and progression of inflammatory bowel disease.
Public Health Services, National Institutes of Health, US Veterans Administration, American Heart Association Great Rivers Affiliates

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Journal of Business Ethics
Ask yourself: Will you help the environment?
Whether it's recycling, composting or buying environmentally friendly products, guilt can be a strong motivator -- not just on Earth Day. Now, research from Concordia University's John Molson School of Business published in the Journal of Business Ethics, proves that even just asking ourselves, or predicting, whether we will engage in sustainable shopping behavior can increase the likelihood of following through -- especially when there's an audience.

Contact: Marisa Lancione
marisa.lancione@concordia.ca
514-848-2424 x4880
Concordia University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Sports, Education and Society
Gym culture likened to McDonald's
Visit a typical gym and you will encounter a highly standardized notion of what the human body should look like and how much it should weigh. This strictly controlled body ideal is spread across the world by large actors in the fitness industry. A new study explores how the fitness industry in many ways resembles that of fast food. One of the authors is from the University of Gothenburg.

Contact: Thomas Johansson, Department of Education, Communication and
thomas.johansson.2@gu.se
46-031-786-2003
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
ACM CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems
Carnegie Mellon system lets iPad users explore data with their fingers
Spreadsheets may have been the original killer app for personal computers, but data tables don't play to the strengths of multi-touch devices such as tablets. So researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a visualization approach that allows people to explore complex data with their fingers. Called Kinetica, the proof-of-concept system for the Apple iPad converts tabular data, such as Excel spreadsheets, into colored spheres that respond to touch.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Byron Spice
bspice@cs.cmu.edu
412-268-9068
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
International Journal of Epidemiology
Child's autism risk accelerates with mother's age over 30
Older parents are more likely to have a child who develops an autism spectrum disorder than are younger parents. A recent study from the Drexel University School of Public Health in Philadelphia and Karolinska Institute in Sweden provides more insight into how the risk associated with parental age varies between mothers' and fathers' ages, and found that the risk of having a child with both autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability is larger for older parents.
Stockholm City Council, Autism Speaks

Contact: Rachel Ewing
raewing@drexel.edu
215-895-2614
Drexel University

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
European Physical Journal B
Grasp of SQUIDs dynamics facilitates eavesdropping
Superconducting Quantum Interference Device is a highly sensitive magnetometer used to measure extremely subtle magnetic fields. It is made of two thin regions of insulating material that separate two superconductors placed in parallel into a ring of superconducting material. In a study published in European Physical Journal B, US scientists have focused on finding an analytical approximation to the theoretical equations that govern the dynamics of an array of Superconducting Quantum Interference Devices.

Contact: Saskia Rohmer
saskia.rohmer@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
ACS Nano
Cloaked DNA nanodevices survive pilot mission
By mimicking a viral strategy, scientists at Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering have created the first cloaked DNA nanodevice that survives the body's immune defenses. Their success opens the door to smart DNA nanorobots that use logic to spot cancerous tissue and manufacture drugs on the spot to cripple it, as well as artificial microscopic containers called protocells that detect pathogens in food or toxic chemicals in drinking water.

Contact: Dan Ferber
dan.ferber@wyss.harvard.edu
617-432-1547
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Dissertations and Features
Drug-related morbidity in more than 10 percent of adults
Twelve percent of adults in Sweden have diseases related to their use of medicines. But in four cases of 10, it would have been possible to avoid the undesired effects. These are the conclusions of a thesis presented at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.

Contact: Katja Hakkarainen
katja.hakkarainen@nhv.se
46-031-693-989
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Journal of Molecular Biology
NeuroPhage discovers GAIM-changing molecules to combat Alzheimer's and related diseases
Researchers from NeuroPhage Pharmaceuticals Inc. have engineered a series of molecules based on the discovery of GAIM which have the potential to treat most neurodegenerative diseases that are characterized by misfolded proteins, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases. Research was published today in the Journal of Molecular Biology.
NeuroPhage, Inc.

Contact: Michelle Avery
mavery@macbiocom.com
781-235-3060
MacDougall Biomedical Communications, Inc.

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
False-positive mammogram anxiety has limited impact on women's well-being
Dartmouth researchers have found that the anxiety experienced with a false-positive mammogram is temporary and does not negatively impact a woman's overall well-being. Their findings are reported in 'Consequences of False-Positive Screening Mammograms,' which was published online in the April 21, 2014, JAMA Internal Medicine.
NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Robin Dutcher
Robin.Dutcher@hitchcock.org
603-653-9056
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Cannabis chemistry: How scientists test pot for potency and safety (video)
Marijuana is in the headlines as more and more states legalize it for medicinal use or decriminalize it entirely. In the American Chemical Society's newest Reactions video, we explain the chemistry behind marijuana's high, and investigate what scientists are doing to ensure that legalized weed won't send smokers on a bad trip.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
m_bernstein@acs.org
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Nature
Researchers identify a mechanism linking bariatric surgery to health benefits
Bariatric surgery has positive effects not only on weight loss but also on diabetes and heart disease. Researchers at the Sahlgrenska Academy and University of Cincinnati have shown that the health benefits are not caused by a reduction in the stomach size but by increased levels of bile acids in the blood. These findings, reported in Nature, indicate that bile acids could be a new target for treating obesity and diabetes.

Contact: Fredrik Bäckhed
fredrik.backhed@wlab.gu.se
46-702-182-355
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Physical Review Letters
Nanomaterial outsmarts ions
Ions are an essential tool in chip manufacturing, but they can also be used to produce nano-sieves. A large number of electrons must be removed from the atoms for this purpose. Such ions either lose a large amount of energy or almost no energy at all as they pass through a membrane that measures one nanometer in thickness. Researchers report in the journal Physical Review Letters that this discovery is an important step towards developing novel types of electronic components made of graphene.

Contact: Simon Schmitt
s.schmitt@hzdr.de
Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Turoctocog alfa in patients with hemophilia A: Added benefit not proven
As no relevant studies and no valid data are available, the added benefit of turoctocog alfa over other blood-clotting agents is not proven.

Contact: Dr. Anna-Sabine Ernst
presse@iqwig.de
49-022-135-6850
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Science
What gave us the advantage over extinct types of humans?
In parallel with modern man (Homo sapiens), there were other, extinct types of humans with whom we lived side-by-side, such as Neanderthals and the recently discovered Denisovans of Siberia. Yet only Homo sapiens survived. What was it in our genetic makeup that gave us the advantage?

Contact: Jerry Barach
jerryb@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82904
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
How the body fights against viruses
Scientists of the Max F. Perutz Laboratories of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Scientists of the Max F. Perutz Laboratories of the University of Vienna and the Medical University of Vienna, together with colleagues of the ETH Zurich, have shown how double stranded RNA is prevented from entering the nucleus of a cell. During the response against viral infection, the protein ADAR1 moves from the cell nucleus into the surrounding cytoplasm.

Contact: Michael Jantsch
michael.jantsch@univie.ac.at
43-142-775-6230
University of Vienna

Public Release: 22-Apr-2014
i-Perception
Study: People pay more attention to the upper half of field of vision
A new study from North Carolina State University and the University of Toronto finds that people pay more attention to the upper half of their field of vision -- a finding which could have ramifications for traffic signs to software interface design.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Showing releases 226-250 out of 346.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>