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Showing releases 226-250 out of 420.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Neural Regeneration Research
Molecular mechanisms of the suppression of axon regeneration by KLF transcription factors
A paper from Neural Regeneration research explores the molecular mechanisms of the suppression of axon regeneration by Kupper-like transcription factors.

Contact: Meng Zhao
eic@nrren.org
86-138-049-98773
Neural Regeneration Research

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Microbiome research shows each tree species has a unique bacterial identity
Each tree species has its own bacterial identity. That's the conclusion of University of Oregon researchers and colleagues from other institutions who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on 57 species of trees growing on a Panamanian island.
Smithsonian Research Institute, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Research Chairs Program, National Science Foundation, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Mellon Foundation

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Cancer-fighting cocktail demonstrates promising results as treatment for advanced cervical cancer
Combining a standard chemotherapy drug with a second drug that stops cells from dividing improves both the survival and response rates for those with advanced cervical cancer, a new study by University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center cancer researchers finds.
Gynecologic Oncology Group

Contact: Lori Sundeen Soderbergh
lori.soderbergh@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine
Caving to cravings? Indulging in junk food linked to lapses in brain function
Overindulging in high-calorie snacks is partly caused by lapses in a very specific part of the brain, according to a new University of Waterloo study. The study, published in Psychosomatic Medicine: Journal of Biobehavioral Medicine, is the first to conclusively link reduced operation of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with self-restraint in the dietary context.

Contact: Nick Manning
nmanning@uwaterloo.ca
226-929-7627
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Study first to use brain scans to forecast early reading difficulties
UC San Francisco researchers have used brain scans to predict how young children learn to read, giving clinicians a possible tool to spot children with dyslexia and other reading difficulties before they experience reading challenges.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Flora Family Foundation, UCSF Catalyst Award, UCSF Resource Allocation Program, Brain & Behavior Research Foundation Young Investigator Award, Stanford University Lucile

Contact: Juliana Bunim
juliana.bunim@ucsf.edu
415-502-6397
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Cell
Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places
Deploying sophisticated high-throughput sequencing technology, dubbed ψ-seq, a team of Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute researchers collaborated on a comprehensive, high-resolution mapping of ψ sites that confirms pseudouridylation, among the most common post-transcriptional modifications, does indeed occur naturally in mRNA.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Broad Institute Funds, Marie Curie IOF, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Fearer
fearer@wi.mit.edu
617-452-4630
Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Smithsonian scientists discover tropical tree microbiome in Panama
Despite the fact that tropical forests are the most biodiverse terrestrial ecosystems on the planet, more is known about belly-button bacteria than bacteria on trees in the tropics. Smithsonian scientists and colleagues working on Panama's Barro Colorado Island discovered that small leaf samples from a single tree were home to more than 400 different kinds of bacteria. The combined sample from 57 tree species contained more than 7,000 different kinds.
Center for Tropical Forest Science, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, University of Oregon, Canada Research Chairs Program, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Beth King
kingb@si.edu
202-633-4700 x28216
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Brain and Cognition
EEG study findings reveal how fear is processed in the brain
New research from the Center for BrainHealth at The University of Texas at Dallas published online today in Brain and Cognition illustrates how fear arises in the brain when individuals are exposed to threatening images. This novel study is the first to separate emotion from threat by controlling for the dimension of arousal.
The University of Texas at Dallas/Berman Laboratory of Learning and Memory, Jane and Bud Smith Distinguished Chair

Contact: Shelly Kirkland
shelly.kirkland@utdallas.edu
972-883-3221
Center for BrainHealth

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Human Molecular Genetics
Researcher develops and proves effectiveness of new drug for spinal muscular atrophy
According to recent studies, approximately one out of every 40 individuals in the United States is a carrier of the gene responsible for spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a neurodegenerative disease that causes muscles to weaken over time. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri have made a recent breakthrough with the development of a new compound found to be highly effective in animal models of the disease. In April, a patent was filed for the compound for use in SMA.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
sossamonj@missouri.edu
573-882-3346
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Clinical Oncology
Certain form of baldness at age 45 linked to higher risk of aggressive prostate cancer
A study being published online Sept. 15, 2014 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology reports that men with a specific pattern of baldness at age 45 have a 40 percent increased risk of developing aggressive prostate cancer later in life, compared to men with no baldness at 45.

Contact: Kate Blackburn
kate.blackburn@asco.org
571-483-1379
American Society of Clinical Oncology

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Drug's effect on Alzheimer's may depend on severity of disease
A cancer drug that has shown promise against Alzheimer's disease in mice and has begun early clinical trials has yielded perplexing results in a novel mouse model of AD that mimics the genetics and pathology of the human disease more closely than any other animal model.
NIH/National Institute on Aging, UIC Center for Clinical and Translational Science

Contact: Sharon Parmet
sparmet@uic.edu
312-413-2695
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Science
Collaboration drives achievement in protein structure research
When this week's print issue of the journal Science comes out, a collective cheer will go up from New Mexico, Montana and even the Netherlands, thanks to the type of collaborative effort that is more and more the norm in these connected times.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
Pitt chemical biologist finds new halogenation enzyme
One of the Holy Grails in chemical science has been to find the late-stage, site-specific incorporation of a halogen atom into a complex natural product by replacing an spł C-H bond -- one of the most inert chemical bonds known in an organic compound -- with a C-X bond, X=halogen.

Contact: Joe Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature
X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side
Understanding just how sugar makes its way into the cell could lead to the design of better drugs for diabetes patients and an increase in the amount of fruits and vegetables farmers are able to grow. Stanford University researchers have recently uncovered one of these 'pathways' into the cell by piecing together proteins slightly wider than the diameter of a strand of spider silk.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Tona Kunz
tkunz@anl.gov
630-252-5560
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal
Researchers discover new producer of crucial vitamin
New research has determined that a single group of microorganisms may be responsible for much of the world's vitamin B12 production in the oceans, with implications for the global carbon cycle and climate change. Professors Andew Doxey and Josh Neufeld, from the Faculty of Science at the University of Waterloo, led a study that discovered that Thaumarchaeota are likely dominant vitamin B12 producers.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Pamela Smyth
psmyth@uwaterloo.ca
519-888-4777
University of Waterloo

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
'Squid skin' metamaterials project yields vivid color display
The quest to create artificial 'squid skin' -- camouflaging metamaterials that can 'see' colors and automatically blend into the background -- is one step closer to reality, thanks to a breakthrough color-display technology unveiled this week by Rice University's Laboratory for Nanophotonics.
DOD/Office of Naval Research Basic Research Challenge, Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
IU study: Combining epilepsy drug, morphine can result in less pain, lower opioid doses
Adding a common epilepsy drug to a morphine regimen can result in better pain control with fewer side effects. Moreover, the combination can reduce the dosage of the opioid needed to be effective, according to a team of pain researchers at Indiana University.
National Institutes of Health, Indiana Spinal Cord and Brain Injury Research Fund

Contact: Eric Schoch
eschoch@iu.edu
316-274-8205
Indiana University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
NASA's TRMM satellite sees Hurricane Odile strike Baja California
NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission satellite known as TRMM captured data on powerful Hurricane Odile revealing heavy rainfall from powerful thunderstorms as it made landfall in Baja California. Odile tied a record for strongest hurricane to hit the Baja in over 40 years.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Science
Cells simply avoid chromosome confusion
Reproductive cell division has evolved a simple, mechanical solution to avoid chromosome sorting errors. This natural safeguard prevents incorrect chromosome counts and misalignments that lead to infertility, miscarriage, or congenital conditions.
Wellcome Trust, National Institutes of Health, Packard Fellowship, Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Sidney Kimmel Foundation

Contact: Leila Gray
leilag@uw.edu
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Oryx
Study indicates hunting restrictions for tapirs may not be enough
A published study indicates that lowland tapir populations may continue to drop in French Guiana, despite recent restrictions on hunting. Researchers from the Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage in French Guiana and San Diego Zoo Global reviewed data retrieved from camera traps in the Nouragues National Reserve over the last four years and compared this data to current harvest rates in the region.
San Diego Zoo Global, Office National de la Chasse et de la Faune Sauvage

Contact: Christina Simmons
csimmons@sandiegozoo.org
619-685-3291
Zoological Society of San Diego

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Medical Internet Research
Study: Web-based training can reduce campus rape
Web-based training targeted at college-aged men is an effective tool for reducing the number of sexual assaults on US campuses, according to a researcher in the School of Public Health at Georgia State University.
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Anna Varela
avarela@gsu.edu
404-413-1504
Georgia State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Behavior Modification
Freshman girls know how to eat healthy but lack confidence in their ability to do it
Female college freshmen understand the benefits of eating healthy foods and know which foods they should include in their diets. But they lack confidence in their ability to act on that knowledge, especially when it comes to getting enough calcium, says a new University of Illinois study.
US Department of Agriculture

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Molecular Diagnostics
Researchers develop improved means of detecting mismatched DNA
Researchers at Johns Hopkins have identified a highly sensitive means of analyzing very tiny amounts of DNA. The discovery, they say, could increase the ability of forensic scientists to match genetic material in some criminal investigations. It could also prevent the need for a painful, invasive test given to transplant patients at risk of rejecting their donor organs and replace it with a blood test that reveals traces of donor DNA.
Sol Goldman Foundation

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes
Number-crunching could lead to unethical choices, says new study
Calculating the pros and cons of a potential decision is a way of decision-making. But repeated engagement with numbers-focused calculations, especially those involving money, can have unintended negative consequences.

Contact: Ken McGuffin
mcguffin@rotman.utoronto.ca
416-946-3818
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
NASA sees Typhoon Kalmaegi as a whirlpool of clouds in the South China Sea
NASA's Aqua satellite observed Typhoon Kalmaegi crossing the South China Sea and a satellite image from the MODIS instrument aboard made it look like a whirlpool of clouds.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 226-250 out of 420.

<< < 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>