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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 456.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Molecular Medicine
Amount of mitochondrial DNA predicts frailty and mortality
New research from The Johns Hopkins University suggests that the amount of mitochondrial DNA, mtDNA, found in peoples' blood directly relates to how frail they are medically. This DNA may prove to be a useful predictor of overall risk of frailty and death from any cause 10 to 15 years before symptoms appear.
NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Catherine Kolf
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Consumer Research
When pursuing goals, people give more weight to progress than setbacks
New Year's resolution-makers should beware of skewed perceptions. People tend to believe good behaviors are more beneficial in reaching goals than bad behaviors are in obstructing goals, according to a University of Colorado Boulder-led study.

Contact: Margaret C. Campbell
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Glaciology
Glacier beds can get slipperier at higher sliding speeds
Using the Iowa State University Sliding Simulator, Iowa State glaciologists Lucas Zoet and Neal Iverson have found that as a glacier's sliding speed increases, the bed beneath the glacier can grow slipperier. That laboratory finding could help researchers make better predictions of glacier response to climate change and the corresponding sea-level rise. The research results were just published in the Journal of Glaciology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Lucas K. Zoet
Iowa State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Developmental Cell
Vessel research offers new direction to study how cancer spreads
Researchers have understood very little about how blood and lymphatic vessels form in the mammalian gut -- until now. A new Cornell University study reports for the first time how arteries form to supply the looping embryonic gut with blood, and how these arteries guide development of the gut's lymphatic system.
Cornell Center for Vertebrate Genomics, National Institutes of Health, March of Dimes.

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Meth users face substantially higher risk for getting Parkinson's disease
In addition to incurring serious dental problems, memory loss and other physical and mental issues, methamphetamine users are three times more at risk for getting Parkinson's disease than non-illicit drug users, new research from the University of Utah and Intermountain Healthcare shows.
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Phil Sahm
University of Utah Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Developmental Science
Naming people and objects in baby's first year may offer learning benefits years later
In a follow-up to her earlier studies of learning in infancy, developmental psychologist Lisa Scott and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst are reporting that talking to babies in their first year, in particular naming things in their world, can help them make connections between what they see and hear, and these learning benefits can be seen as much as five years later.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Genome Medicine
People may inherit 'gut' bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis
A new study by an international team of researchers shows for the first time that people may inherit some of the intestinal bacteria that cause Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, collectively know as inflammatory bowel disease.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of Canada

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Accounts of Chemical Research
The simplest element: Turning hydrogen into 'graphene'
New work from Carnegie's Ivan Naumov and Russell Hemley delves into the chemistry underlying some surprising recent observations about hydrogen, and reveals remarkable parallels between hydrogen and graphene under extreme pressures.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Russell Hemley
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
New tracers can identify coal ash contamination in water
Laboratory and field tests confirm that new boron and strontium tracers, developed by researchers at Duke, the University of Arkansas-Little Rock, and the University of Kentucky, can detect the distinctive isotopic and geochemical fingerprints of coal ash contamination in water. The tracers will allow the US Environmental Protection Agency and other regulators to distinguish coal ash contamination from other, similar contamination coming from different sources in a watershed, and trace the coal ash to its source.
National Science Foundation, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Duke University Nicholas School of the Environment

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions
Real-time radiation monitor can reduce radiation exposure for medical workers
It's a sound that saves. A 'real-time' radiation monitor that alerts by beeping in response to radiation exposure during cardiac-catheterization procedures significantly reduces the amount of exposure that medical workers receive, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center researchers found.
US Department of Veterans Affairs, Dallas Veterans Affairs Research Corporation, Gilead, Medicines Company

Contact: Cathy Frisinger
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Communications
Carbon-trapping 'sponges' can cut greenhouse gases
In the fight against global warming, carbon capture -- chemically trapping carbon dioxide before it releases into the atmosphere -- is gaining momentum, but standard methods are plagued by toxicity, corrosiveness and inefficiency. Using a bag of chemistry tricks, Cornell materials scientists have invented low-toxicity, highly effective carbon-trapping 'sponges' that could lead to increased use of the technology.
National Science Foundation, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Qatar University

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Scientists trace nanoparticles from plants to caterpillars
In one of the most comprehensive studies of its kind, Rice University scientists tracked uptake and accumulation of quantum dot nanoparticles from water to plant roots, plant leaves and leaf-eating caterpillars. The research is available online in Environmental Science & Technology.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Season's eatings
Some women become preoccupied with their body weight and shape after changes in hormones drive increases in emotional eating, or the tendency to overconsume food in response to negative emotions. The recurring nature of monthly increases in weight concerns in menstruating women may increase the risk of developing an eating disorder.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Kim Ward
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Cancer Cell
Single genetic abnormality accelerates, removes the brakes on Ewing sarcoma tumor growth
The genetic abnormality that drives the bone cancer Ewing sarcoma operates through two distinct processes -- both activating genes that stimulate tumor growth and suppressing those that should keep cancer from developing.
Burroughs Wellcome Fund, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Hyundai Hope on Wheels, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Katie Marquedant
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Criminal Justice Policy Review
Previously removed immigrants more likely to be rearrested later, study finds
A new study finds that unauthorized immigrants who previously have been removed from the US are more likely to be rearrested after leaving jail and are likely to be rearrested much more frequently than those who have never been removed. The findings may be useful for the new federal Priority Enforcement Program, which will target interior immigration efforts more narrowly on those posing a distinct public safety risk.

Contact: Warren Robak
RAND Corporation

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Caffeine Research
Do caffeine's effects differ with or without sugar?
Consuming caffeinated or sugary drinks can affect the body's metabolism, causing changes in heart and respiratory rate and weight gain. The results of a new study exploring whether individuals respond differently to caffeinated drinks that do or do not contain sugar and to sugar alone are published in Journal of Caffeine Research: The International Multidisciplinary Journal of Caffeine Science.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Psychological Science
Political extremists may be less susceptible to common cognitive bias
People who occupy the extreme ends of the political spectrum, whether liberal or conservative, may be less influenced by outside information on a simple estimation task than political moderates, according to new research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Main reason for lifespan variability between races not cause of death
Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Matt Swayne
Penn State

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Physical Review Letters
Kent State professor publishes exact solution to model Big Bang and quark gluon plasma
Michael Strickland, Ph.D., associate professor of physics at Kent State University, and four of his collaborators recently published an exact solution in the journal Physical Review Letters that applies to a wide array of physics contexts and will help researchers to better model galactic structure, supernova explosions and high-energy particle collisions, such as those studied at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN in Switzerland.

Contact: Michael Strickland
Kent State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Neurosurgery
New technology advances eye tracking as biomarker for brain function and brain injury
Researchers at New York University Langone Medical Center have developed new technology that can assess the location and impact of a brain injury merely by tracking the eye movements of patients as they watch music videos, suggesting that the use of eye tracking technology may be a potential biological marker for assessing brain function and monitoring recovery for patients with brain injuries.
US Deptartment of Veterans Affairs, American College of Surgeons, Steven & Alexandra Cohen Foundation, Thrasher Research Fund, Research to Prevent Blindness

Contact: Jim Mandler
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
NREL compares state solar policies to determine equation for solar market success
Analysts at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory have used statistical analyses and detailed case studies to better understand why solar market policies in certain states are more successful. Their findings indicate that while no standard formula for solar implementation exists, a combination of foundational policies and localized strategies can increase solar photovoltaic installations in any state.
US Department of Energy

Contact: David Glickson
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Nature Climate Change
Ocean acidification a culprit in commercial shellfish hatcheries' failures
The mortality of larval Pacific oysters in Northwest hatcheries has been linked to ocean acidification. Yet the rate of increase in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the decrease of pH in near-shore waters have been questioned as being severe enough to cause the die-offs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Cheryl Dybas
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Psychological Science
People trust typical-looking faces most
Being 'average' is often considered a bad thing, but new research suggests that averageness wins when people assess the trustworthiness of a face. The research indicates that, while typical-looking faces aren't seen as the most attractive, they are considered to be the most trustworthy. The new findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
Journal of Virology
Virus causing mass duck die-offs on Cape Cod identified
Since 1998, hundreds and sometimes thousands of dead eider ducks have been washing up every year on Cape Cod's beaches in late summer or early fall, but the reasons behind these cyclic die-offs have remained a mystery. A team of scientists from Cornell, Tufts University, University of Georgia, the US Geological Survey and the US Fish and Wildlife Service have pinned down one of the agents responsible.

Contact: Melissa Osgood
Cornell University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2014
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology Annual Meeting 2014
Nature Neuroscience
Cracking the code of brain development
Daniel R. Weinberger, M.D., Director and CEO of the Lieber Institute for Brain Development says that, 'by linking developmental brain disorders like schizophrenia and autism to specific molecular signatures in early brain development, we are much closer to finding new treatments based on how a brain first gets ill rather than only on how it behaves ill.'

Contact: Laura C. Wells
Lieber Institute for Brain Development

Showing releases 251-275 out of 456.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>