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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 343.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
Novel compound prevents metastasis of multiple myeloma in mouse studies
Dana-Farber scientists and colleagues find the compound olaptesed pegol can stop multiple myeloma from spreading in mouse models, potentially leading to a new approach in addressing the challenge of metastasis, one of the deadliest aspects of cancer.
NIH/National Cancer Institue

Contact: Teresa M Herbert
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Molecular Cell
Super enhancers in the inflamed endothelium
A study led by researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute is the first to demonstrate that BET bromodomain-containing proteins help execute this global inflammatory program in the endothelium while BET bromodomain inhibition can significantly decrease atherosclerosis in vivo.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Earth's water is older than the sun
Water was crucial to the rise of life on Earth and is also important to evaluating the possibility of life on other planets. Identifying the original source of Earth's water is key to understanding how life-fostering environments come into being and how likely they are to be found elsewhere. New work found that much of our solar system's water likely originated as ices that formed in interstellar space.

Contact: Conel Alexander
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Current Biology
Brain chemical potential new hope in controlling Tourette Syndrome tics
A chemical in the brain plays a vital role in controlling the involuntary movements and vocal tics associated with Tourette Syndrome, a new study has shown.

Contact: Emma Thorne
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
How physical exercise protects the brain from stress-induced depression
Physical exercise has many beneficial effects on human health, including the protection from stress-induced depression. However, until now the mechanisms that mediate this protective effect have been unknown. In a new study in mice, published in Cell, Swedish researchers show that exercise training induces changes in skeletal muscle that can purge the blood of a substance that accumulates during stress, and is harmful to the brain.
AstraZeneca-Karolinska Institutet Integrated Translational Research Centre, Novo Nordisk Foundation, Petrus and Augusta Hedlund Foundation, Stockholm County Council, Karolinska Institutet Strategic Research Programme in Diabetes

Contact: Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Stone Age site challenges old archaeological assumptions about human technology
Analysis of stone artifacts from the excavation of a 300,000 year old site in Armenia shows that new technologies evolved locally, rather than being imported from outside, as previously thought.
University of Connecticut, UK Natural Environment Research Council, L.S.B. Leakey Foundation, Irish Research Council, University of Winchester, UK

Contact: Tim Miller
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Viral infection in transplant recipients increases risk of developing damaging antibodies
Among kidney transplant recipients, persistent infection with BK virus does not have a negative immediate-term impact on patient or kidney survival, but infected patients are more likely to develop antibodies against their kidney transplants. Such donor-specific antibodies are known to be detrimental to the survival of transplanted organs.

Contact: Tracy Hampton
American Society of Nephrology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Interstellar molecules are branching out
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Cornell University and the University of Cologne have for the first time detected a carbon-bearing molecule with a 'branched' structure in interstellar space.

Contact: Dr. Arnaud Belloche

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Modified vitamin D shows promise as treatment for pancreatic cancer
Salk scientists find that a vitamin D-derivative makes tumors vulnerable to chemotherapy.

Contact: Salk Communications
Salk Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Current Biology
How the brain gains control over Tourette syndrome
Tourette syndrome is a developmental disorder characterized by involuntary, repetitive, and stereotyped movements or utterances. Now researchers have new evidence to explain how those with Tourette syndrome in childhood often manage to gain control over those tics. In individuals with the condition, a portion of the brain involved in planning and executing movements shows an unusual increase compared to the average brain in the production of a primary inhibitory neurotransmitter known as GABA.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
In the face of uncertainty, the brain chooses randomness as the best strategy
A new study shows that, in competitive situations, rats abandon their normal tactic of using past experience to make decisions and instead make random choices when their competitor is hard to defeat. This switch in strategy is controlled by a brain circuit, indicating that the brain can enter a random decision-making mode when it provides a competitive edge. These findings may have implications for human disorders, in which even ordinary decision-making is viewed as ineffective.

Contact: Mary Beth O'Leary
Cell Press

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
PLOS Pathogens
Stem cell transplant does not cure SHIV/AIDS after irradiation of infected rhesus macaques
A study published on Sept. 25 in PLOS Pathogens reports a new primate model to test treatments that might cure HIV/AIDS and suggests answers to questions raised by the 'Berlin patient,' the only human thought to have been cured so far.

Contact: Guido Silvestri

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
A wriggly solution to a first-world problem
Australian researchers have achieved groundbreaking results in a clinical trial using hookworms to reduce the symptoms of celiac disease. The results are also good news for sufferers of other inflammatory conditions such as asthma and Crohn's disease. In the small trial run over a year, 12 participants were each experimentally infected with 20 Necator americanus (hookworm) larvae. They were then given gradually increasing doses of gluten, with their daily dose in the final stage being equivalent to a medium-sized bowl of spaghetti.
Australian National Health and Medical Research Council

Contact: Linden Woodward
James Cook University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
NCI/FDA lung cancer workshop leads to the innovatively designed clinical trials
The recent launch of two clinical trials offer innovative study designs for patients with lung cancer.

Contact: Murry W. Wynes, Ph.D.
International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Fossil of multicellular life moves evolutionary needle back 60 million years
Virginia Tech geobiologist Shuhai Xiao and collaborators from the Chinese Academy of Sciences shed new light on multicellular fossils from a time 60 million years before a vast growth spurt of life known as the Cambrian Explosion occurred on Earth.

Contact: Rosaire Bushey
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Science Signaling
Discovery may lead to better treatments for autoimmune diseases, bone loss
Scientists have developed an approach to creating treatments for osteoporosis and autoimmune diseases that may avoid the risk of infection and cancer posed by some current medications.

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
First mouse model for ALS dementia
The first animal model for ALS dementia, a form of ALS that also damages the brain, has been developed by Northwestern Medicine scientists. The advance will allow researchers to directly see the brains of living mice, under anesthesia, at the microscopic level. This will accelerate drug testing by allowing direct monitoring of test drugs in real time to determine if they work.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: marla Paul
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
When David beats Goliath
Body size has long been recognized to play a key role in shaping species interactions, with larger species usually winning conflicts with their smaller counterparts. But Queen's University biologist Paul Martin has found that occasionally, small species of birds can dominate larger species during aggressive interactions, particularly when they interact with distantly related species.

Contact: Anne Craig
Queen's University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Emerging Infectious Diseases
NIH study supports camels as primary source of MERS-CoV transmission
NIH and Colorado State University scientists have provided experimental evidence supporting dromedary camels as the primary reservoir, or carrier, of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The study, designed by scientists from CSU and NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, involved three healthy camels exposed through the eyes, nose and throat to MERS-CoV isolated from a patient. Each camel developed a mild upper respiratory tract infection consistent with what scientists have observed throughout the Middle East.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ken Pekoc
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
'Skin-like' device monitors cardiovascular and skin health
A new wearable medical device can quickly alert a person if they are having cardiovascular trouble or if it's simply time to put on some skin moisturizer, reports a Northwestern University and University of Illinois study. The small device can be placed directly on the skin and worn 24/7 for around-the-clock health monitoring. The technology uses thousands of tiny liquid crystals on a flexible substrate to sense heat. When the device turns color, the wearer knows something is awry.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Better information about prenatal testing leads to fewer tests
A clinical trial led by UC San Francisco has found that when pregnant women are educated about their choices on prenatal genetic testing, the number of tests actually drops, even when the tests are offered with no out-of-pocket costs.
National Institutes of Health, March of Dimes Foundation

Contact: Elizabeth Fernandez
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting
Arabic tweets point to US influence as fuel for anti-Americanism
An analysis of millions of Arabic-language tweets confirms high levels of anti-Americanism there, provides new and interesting information about attitudes in the Middle East toward particular US actions, and charts a path for using Twitter to measure public sentiment in ways opinion polls cannot.

Contact: Michael Hotchkiss
Princeton University

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
NASA sees System 98W become Tropical Depression Kammuri
Strong thunderstorms around the center of circulation in tropical low pressure System 98W were seen on infrared satellite imagery and were a clue to forecasters that the storm was intensifying. Early on Sept. 24, the storm intensified into Tropical Depression Kammuri far north of Guam.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
Arthritis & Rheumatology
Findings give hope to plant extract as possible lupus treatment
Lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease in which the immune system turns against itself, attacking a person's healthy tissue, cells and organs. New findings by a biomedical engineer and his team at the University of Houston raise hope for a new class of drugs to treat lupus that may not include the long list of adverse risks and side effects often associated with current treatments for this disease.

Contact: Lisa Merkl
University of Houston

Public Release: 24-Sep-2014
NASA sees the end of post-depression Fung-Wong
Tropical Depression Fung-Wong looked more like a cold front on infrared satellite imagery from NASA than it did a low pressure area with a circulation.

Contact: Rob Gutro
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 251-275 out of 343.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 > >>