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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 458.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Materials
Goldilocks principle wrong for particle assembly: Too hot and too cold is just right
Microscopic particles that bind under low temperatures will melt as temperatures rise to moderate levels, but re-connect under hotter conditions, a team of NYU scientists has found. Their discovery points to new ways to create 'smart materials,' cutting-edge materials that adapt to their environment by taking new forms, and to sharpen the detail of 3-D printing.
National Science Foundation, NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
New York University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Fairness is in the brain
Ever wondered how people figure out what is fair? Look to the brain for the answer. According to a new Norwegian brain study, people appreciate fairness in much the same way as they appreciate money for themselves, and also that fairness is not necessarily that everybody gets the same income.

Contact: Alexander Cappelen
The University of Bergen

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
The Lancet: Three people infected with Ebola predicted to fly from West Africa every month if no exit screening takes place
Three Ebola-infected travelers are predicted to depart on an international flight every month from any of the three countries in West Africa currently experiencing widespread Ebola virus outbreaks (Guinea, Liberia, or Sierra Leone), if no exit screening were to take place, according to new modeling research published in The Lancet.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research.

Contact: Caroline Brogan
The Lancet

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
When to count the damage?
An international team of academics and activists collaborated to find out what works where, based on the wide variety of experiences with economic valuation in the EJOLT project.

Contact: Maria Jesus Delgado
Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Ornithology
Later supper for blackbirds in the city
Artificial light increases foraging time in blackbirds. Birds in city centres are active not just considerably earlier, but also for longer than their relatives in darker parts of the city. That is the result of a study of around 200 blackbirds in Leipzig, Germany, which was carried out in the 'Loss of the Night' research project. The study showed that artificial light has a considerable influence on the activity times of blackbirds in the city.
Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Helmholtz Association

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Acta Crystallographica Section A
Towards controlled dislocations
Klie and co-workers have used atomic-resolution Z-contrast imaging and X-ray spectroscopy in a scanning transmission electron microscope to explore dislocations in the binary II-VI semiconductor CdTe, commercially used in thin-film photovoltaics. The results may lead to eventual improvement in the conversion efficiency of CdTe solar cells. These novel insights into atomically resolved chemical structure of dislocations have potential for understanding many more defect-based phenomena.
US Department of Energy Sunshot Program

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
In between red light and blue light
Diatoms play an important role in water quality and in the global climate. They generate about one fourth of the oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere and perform around one-quarter of the global CO2 assimilation, i.e. they convert carbon dioxide into organic substances. Their light receptors are a crucial factor in this process. Researchers at Leipzig University and UFZ have now discovered that blue and red light sensing photoreceptors control the carbon flow in these algae.
German Research Foundation

Contact: Tilo Arnhold
Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Pediatric allergology: Fresh milk keeps infections at bay
A study by researchers of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich shows that infants fed on fresh rather than UHT cow's milk are less prone to infection. The authors recommend the use of alternative processing methods to preserve the protectants found in the natural product.

Contact: Luise Dirscherl
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Geophysical Research -- Oceans
The breathing sand
New analytical methods show for the first time, how the permeable, sandy sediment at the bottom of the North Sea is supplied with oxygen and which factors determine the exchange. Based on the detailed investigation and new measurement technology described by a research team led by GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, the turnover of organic matter and nutrients at the sea floor as well as future changes within the dynamic ecosystem can be better assessed.

Contact: Maike Nicolai
Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR)

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Biomarkers uPA/PAI-1 in breast cancer: Benefit and harm of the test unclear
Since studies are lacking, it remains unclear whether certain patients have a benefit if the decision for or against adjuvant chemotherapy is based on the concentration of uPA and PAI-1.

Contact: Dr. Anna-Sabine Ernst
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Chemical Science
NUS-led research team develops novel solutions to fight the obesity gene
A research team led by scientists from the National University of Singapore has identified several potent inhibitors that selectively target FTO, the common fat mass and obesity-associated gene.

Contact: Carolyn Fong
National University of Singapore

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Sexual preference for masculine men and feminine women is an urban habit
A groundbreaking new study suggests that, rather than being passed down through a long process of social and sexual selection, preferences for masculine men and feminine women is a relatively new habit that has only emerged in modern, urbanized societies.

Contact: Keith Coles
Brunel University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Winning by losing
The more energy you put in, the more light you get out -- this general rule does not apply to the coupled laser systems studied at the Vienna University of Technology and Washington University in St. Louis. Increasing the energy can switch the laser off, reducing its energy may switch it on. Paradoxical laser coupling effects could be used for opto-electronics or opto-mechanics.

Contact: Florian Aigner
Vienna University of Technology

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Structural and Molecular Biology
Structure of an iron-transport protein revealed
For the first time, the three dimensional structure of the protein that is essential for iron import into cells, has been elucidated. Biochemists of the University of Zurich have paved the way towards a better understanding of iron metabolism. The results also provide a basis for novel approaches to treat iron-related metabolic diseases.

Contact: Raimund Dutzler
University of Zurich

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Europhysics Letters
Scientists create possible precursor to life
How did life originate? And can scientists create life? These questions not only occupy the minds of scientists interested in the origin of life, but also researchers working with technology of the future. If we can create artificial living systems, we may not only understand the origin of life -- we can also revolutionize the future of technology.

Contact: Birgitte Svennevig
University of Southern Denmark

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
No added benefit proven for umeclidinium/vilanterol in COPD
There are hardly any evaluable data for patients with moderate COPD severity and for patients with few exacerbations; for higher severity grades with more exacerbations, evaluable data are lacking completely.

Contact: Dr. Anna-Sabine Ernst
Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Chemical Biology
NTU scientists discover new molecule from local herb with potential for drug development
Scientists at Nanyang Technological University have discovered a new molecule which can join together chains of amino acids -- the building blocks of protein.
National Research Foundation, Prime Minister's Office -- Singapore

Contact: Lester Kok
Nanyang Technological University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
British Journal of Cancer
Earlier unknown molecular-level mechanism may increase the growth of breast cancer cells
Researchers at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, the University of Turku and the University of Oslo have discovered a previously unknown molecular-level mechanism that may partly explain the increased growth of cancer cells.

Contact: Dr. Marko Kallio
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Photonics
Physicists build reversible laser tractor beam
Physicists have built a tractor beam that can repel and attract objects, using a hollow laser beam, bright around the edges and dark in its center. It is the first long-distance optical tractor beam, 100 times larger than previous.

Contact: Dr. Cyril Hnatovsky
Australian National University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Physics
1980s American aircraft helps quantum technology take flight
The X-29, an American experimental aircraft has inspired University of Sydney quantum computing researchers in a development which will bring the technology out of the lab.
US Army Research Office, Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Engineered Quantum Systems, Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Contact: Verity Leatherdale
University of Sydney

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Winning the war against Human parainfluenza virus
Researchers at Griffith University's Institute for Glycomics have moved a step closer to identifying a treatment for the dreaded Human parainfluenza virus.

Contact: Skye Small
Griffith University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Cell Transplantation
Paralyzed man recovers some function following transplantation of OECs and nerve bridge
Doctors may have restored some function and sensory sensation to a man who had sustained a severed spinal cord in the upper vertabral level Th9, causing 'complete' spinal cord injury. By removing one of his olfactory bulbs and transplanting his own olfactory ensheathing cells into the damaged area of the patient's spine, along with building a nerve 'bridge' between the two stumps of the damaged spinal column, the patient improved over 19 months.
Wroclaw Medical University, UK Stem Cell Foundation, Nicholls Spinal Injury Foundation

Contact: Robert Miranda
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
27th European Congress of Neuropsychopharmacology
Researchers confirm the biochemical cause of seasonal depression
New research confirms why some people suffer from the winter blues while others get through the winter without any problems.

Contact: Press Officer
European College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
27th European Congress of Neuropsychopharmacology
Study shows no relationship between moderate adolescent cannabis use and exam results, IQ
A large UK study has found that occasional adolescent cannabis use does not lead to poorer educational and intellectual performance, but that heavy cannabis use is associated with slightly poorer exam results at age 16. The results come from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children a long-term study that follows the health of children born in the Bristol area in 1991 and 1992
UK Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust, University of Bristol

Contact: Press Officer
European College of Neuropsychopharmacology

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Translational Psychiatry
Rapid agent restores pleasure-seeking ahead of other antidepressant action
A drug being studied as a fast-acting mood-lifter restored pleasure-seeking behavior independent of -- and ahead of -- its other antidepressant effectsWithin 40 minutes after a single infusion of ketamine, treatment-resistant depressed bipolar disorder patients experienced a reversal of a key symptom -- loss of interest in pleasurable activities -- which lasted up to 14 days. Brain scans traced the agent's action to boosted activity in areas at the front and deep in the right hemisphere of the brain.
National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Showing releases 251-275 out of 458.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>