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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 446.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Environmental Science & Technology
Exporting US coal to Asia could drop emissions 21 percent
Under the right scenario, exporting US coal to power plants in South Korea could lead to a 21 percent drop in greenhouse gas emissions compared to burning it at less energy-efficient US plants. Other emissions, including sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide and particulate matter, could also drop. But this success, Duke researchers say, depends on which fuel source the coal replaces in South Korea, and which fuel is used to replace it in the US.
Center for Climate and Energy Decision Making, National Science Foundation

Contact: Tim Lucas
Duke University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Annals of Behavioral Medicine
Intimacy a strong motivator for PrEP HIV prevention
Many HIV-negative gay or bisexual men in steady relationships with other HIV-negative men don't always use condoms out of a desire for intimacy. That same desire, according to a new study, makes such men more inclined to use antiretroviral medications to prevent getting HIV, a recommended practice known as PrEP.
National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Global Health: Science and Practice
Scaling up health innovation: Fertility awareness-based family planning goes national
A new study from Georgetown University's Institute for Reproductive Health reports on the results of the successful large-scale implementation, in a low resource environment, of the Standard Days Method, a highly effective fertility awareness-based family planning method developed by Institute researchers. Lessons learned from making this family planning method available on a national level in a low resource environment may help in scaling up health innovations of many types in the United States and around the world.
US Agency for International Development

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Georgetown University Medical Center

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism
Taking a stand: Balancing the BENEFITS and RISKS of physical activity in children
Today the Canadian Society of Exercise Physiology took a stand on the promotion of childhood physical activity and published their position and recommendations in the journal Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism. This position stand provides an important overview of knowledge in the area of risk of physical activity for children and suggests both practical guidelines and a research agenda. Uniquely, this position stand addresses both benefits and risks of physical activity for children.
Canadian Institutes of Health Reserach

Contact: Jenny Ryan
Canadian Science Publishing (NRC Research Press)

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Nature Cell Biology
Researchers block plant hormone
A small molecule inhibits jasmonic acid and helps to explain its effects.

Contact: Erich Kombrink

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Acta Crystallographica Section D
The difficult question of Clostridium difficile
Clostridium difficile is a major problem as an aetiological agent for antibiotic-associated diarrhoea. The mechanism by which the bacterium colonizes the gut during infection is poorly understood, but undoubtedly involves a myriad of components present on the bacterial surface. This study provides some insights that may help in developing a new type of drug to treat the infection.
Medical Research Council, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Hydrological Sciences
Increase in reported flooding a result of higher exposure
A rise in the number of reported floods in the UK over the past 129 years can mainly be explained by increased exposure, resulting from urban expansion and population growth, according to new research by the University of Southampton.

Contact: Steven Williams
University of Southampton

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Developmental Cell
Zebrafish help to unravel Alzheimer's disease
New fundamental knowledge about the regulation of stem cells in the nerve tissue of zebrafish embryos results in surprising insights into neurodegenerative disease processes in the human brain. A new study by scientists at VIB and KU Leuven identifies the molecules responsible for this process.

Contact: Evgenia Salta
VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Brain Stimulation
'Tickling' your ear could be good for your heart
Stimulating nerves in your ear could improve the health of your heart, researchers have discovered.

Contact: Chris Bunting
University of Leeds

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Nature Geoscience
Why global warming is taking a break
The average temperature on Earth has barely risen over the past 16 years. ETH researchers have now found out why. And they believe that global warming is likely to continue again soon.

Contact: News & Media Relations
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Has the puzzle of rapid climate change in the last ice age been solved?
The cold period of the last ice age was repeatedly interrupted by much warmer climate conditions. Scientists have long attempted to find out why these drastic temperature jumps of up to ten degrees took place within just a few decades. Now a group of researchers at the Alfred Wegener Institute has been able to reconstruct these climate changes, using a series of model simulations. The surprising finding is that minor variations in the ice sheet size can be sufficient to trigger abrupt climate changes.

Contact: Sina Loeschke
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
The ABC's of animal speech: Not so random after all
The calls of many animals, from whales to wolves, might contain more language-like structure than previously thought, according to study that raises new questions about the evolutionary origins of human language.
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis

Contact: Catherine Crawley
National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis (NIMBioS)

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Opioid users breathe easier with novel drug to treat respiratory depression
People taking prescription opioids to treat moderate to severe pain may be able to breathe a little easier, literally. A study published in the September issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), found that a new therapeutic drug, GAL-021, may reverse or prevent respiratory depression, or inadequate breathing, in patients taking opioid medication without compromising pain relief or increasing sedation.
Mundipharma, Revive Therapeutics

Contact: Natalie Cammarata
American Society of Anesthesiologists

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Ecology and Evolution
Fish study links brain size to parental duties
Male stickleback fish that protect their young have bigger brains than counterparts that don't care for offspring, finds a new University of British Columbia study.

Contact: Heather Amos
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
European Heart Journal
Rates of heart disease and stroke continue to decline in Europe
Deaths from heart disease and stroke are declining overall in Europe, but at differing rates, according to research, published in the European Heart Journal. The research, which provides an update for 2014 on the burden of cardiovascular disease in Europe, shows that death rates from CVD (diseases of the heart and blood vessels) vary enormously.
British Heart Foundation, National Heart Foundation of Australia

Contact: Emma Mason
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Sequencing at sea
Scientists overcame equipment failure, space constraints and shark-infested waters to do real-time DNA sequencing in a remote field location.

Contact: Natalia Elko
San Diego State University

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Natural (born) killer cells battle pediatric leukemia
Researchers at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown that a select team of immune-system cells can be multiplied in the lab, creating an army of natural killer cells that can be used to destroy leukemia cells.
Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, V-Foundation

Contact: Ellin Kavanagh
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
UCSF-led study finds SCID previously underdiagnosed in infants with fatal infections
Severe combined immunodeficiency, a potentially life-threatening, but treatable, disorder affecting infants, is twice as common as previously believed, according to a new study that is the first to examine the national impact of this newborn screening test.
National Institutes of Health, Jeffrey Modell Foundation, Perkin Elmer Genetics

Contact: Juliana Bunim
University of California - San Francisco

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
UK dyslexia charities should give balanced view on expensive lenses to improve reading
UK dyslexia charities should give a more balanced account of the evidence for colored overlays and lenses in dyslexia say experts on today.

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Leave the car at home for a healthier daily commute, say experts
Commuting to work by active (walking or cycling) and public modes of transport is linked to lower body weight and body fat composition compared with those using private transport, suggests a UK study published on today.

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Common antibiotic linked with heart deaths
The antibiotic clarithromycin -- widely used for treating common bacterial infections -- is associated with an increased risk of heart deaths, finds a study published on today.

Contact: Caroline White
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Anesthesia professionals not sufficiently aware of risks of postoperative cognitive side effects
Postsurgical cognitive side effects can have major implications for the level of care, length of hospital stay, and the patient's perceived quality of care, especially in elderly and fragile patients. A nationwide survey of Swedish anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists has found there is low awareness of the risks of cognitive side effects following surgery. Furthermore, only around half of the respondents used depth-of-anesthesia monitors. Results are published in Annals of Medicine and Surgery.

Contact: Allan Ross
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Applied Physics Letters
Organic photovoltaic cells of the future
Organic photovoltaic cells -- a type of solar cell that uses polymeric materials to capture sunlight -- show tremendous promise as energy conversion devices, thanks to key attributes such as flexibility and low-cost production, but have complex power conversion processes. To maneuver around this problem, researchers have developed a method to determine the absolute value of the charge formation efficiency. The secret of their method is the combination of two types of spectroscopy.

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
ACS Nano
Graphene rubber bands could stretch limits of current healthcare, new research finds
New research published today in the journal ACS Nano identifies a new type of sensor that can monitor body movements and could help revolutionise healthcare.

Contact: Amy Sutton
University of Surrey

Public Release: 19-Aug-2014
Prevalence of HSV type 2 decreases among pregnant women in the Pacific Northwest
In a study that included approximately 15,000 pregnant women, seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus (HSV) type 2 decreased substantially between 1989 and 2010 while there was no overall decrease for HSV type 1, but a slight increase among black women, according to a study in the Aug. 20 issue of JAMA.

Contact: Susan Gregg
The JAMA Network Journals

Showing releases 251-275 out of 446.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>