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Showing releases 4-28 out of 326.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Journal of Divorce & Remarriage
No cookie-cutter divorces, so what info should online co-parenting classes offer?
Required online classes for divorcing couples who have children are good at teaching parents how to deal with children's needs and responses to their family's new situation. But co-parenting couples would benefit from content that helps adults cope with their own emotions and from unique tracks for families with special circumstances such as intimate partner violence or alcoholism, said a University of Illinois researcher in human and community development.

Contact: Phyllis Picklesimer
p-pickle@illinois.edu
217-244-2827
University of Illinois College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
ACM SIGMIS Computers and People Research Conference
Research geared to keep women from fleeing IT profession
Employers have been trying for years to reverse the exodus of women from IT positions. They're failing. New research from Baylor University shows they've been focusing on the wrong areas.

Contact: Eric Eckert
Eric_M_Eckert@baylor.edu
254-710-1964
Baylor University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Circulation
Protein in 'good cholesterol' may be a key to treating pulmonary hypertension
A new study at UCLA demonstrates that oxidized lipids may contribute to pulmonary hypertension. Using a rodent model, the researchers showed that a peptide mimicking part of the main protein in HDL cholesterol, may help reduce the production of oxidized lipids in pulmonary hypertension. They also found that reducing the amount of oxidized lipids improved the rodents' heart and lung function.
American Heart Association, National Institutes of Health, UCLA Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Iris Cantor-UCLA Women's Health Center

Contact: Rachel Champeau
rchampeau@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2270
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Current Opinion in Plant Biology
A touching story: The ancient conversation between plants, fungi and bacteria
The mechanical force that a single fungal cell or bacterial colony exerts on a plant cell may seem vanishingly small, but it plays a heavy role in setting up some of the most fundamental symbiotic relationships in biology. In fact, plants may have never moved onto land without the ability to respond to the touch of beneficial fungi, according to a new study led by Jean-Michel Ané, a professor of agronomy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Contact: Jean-Michel Ané
jane@wisc.edu
608-262-6457
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Angewandte Chemie
Novel 'butterfly' molecule could build new sensors, photoenergy conversion devices
Exciting new work by a Florida State University research team has led to a novel molecular system that can take your temperature, emit white light, and convert photon energy directly to mechanical motions.

Contact: Kathleen Haughney
khaughney@fsu.edu
850-644-1489
Florida State University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature Communications
Experiments explain why some liquids are 'fragile' and others are 'strong'
Only recently has it become possible to accurately 'see' the structure of a liquid. Using X-rays and a high-tech apparatus that holds liquids without a container, a physicist at Washington University in St. Louis has compared the behavior of glass-forming liquids as they approach the glass transition. The results are the strongest demonstration yet that bulk properties like viscosity are linked to microscopic ones like structure.​

Contact: Diana Lutz
dlutz@wustl.edu
314-935-5272
Washington University in St. Louis

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
NASA's TRMM Satellite sees powerful towering storms in Cristobal
NASA's TRMM satellite identified areas of heavy rainfall occurring in Hurricane Cristobal as it continued strengthening on approach to Bermuda.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
American Sociological Review
IU study: Social class makes a difference in how children tackle classroom problems
An Indiana University study has found that social class can account for differences in how parents coach their children to manage classroom challenges. Such differences can affect a child's education by reproducing inequalities in the classroom.

Contact: Jessica McCrory Calarco
jcalarco@indiana.edu
Indiana University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Journal of Geology
Nanodiamonds are forever
A new study focuses on the character and distribution of nanodiamonds across 50 million square kilometers of the Northern Hemisphere.

Contact: Julie Cohen
julie.cohen@ucsb.edu
805-089-37220
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Water 'thermostat' could help engineer drought-resistant crops
Researchers have identified a gene that could help engineer drought-resistant crops. The gene, called OSCA1, encodes a protein in the cell membrane of plants that senses changes in water availability and adjusts the plant's water conservation machinery accordingly. The findings appear in the journal Nature and could make it easier to feed the world's growing population in the face of climate change.
US Department of Agriculture, National Science Foundation

Contact: Robin Ann Smith
ras10@duke.edu
919-681-8057
Duke University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Brain Imaging and Behavior
Kessler Foundation researchers publish first study of brain activation in MS using fNIRS
Using functional near infrared spectroscopy, Kessler Foundation researchers showed differential brain activation patterns between people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and healthy controls. This is first MS study to examine brain activation using fNIRS during a cognitive task. 'Neuroimaging and cognition using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in multiple sclerosis' published online June 11 by Brain Imaging and Behavior.
National MS Society, National Institutes of Health, Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
CMurphy@KesslerFoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Child and Youth Services Review
Gang life brings deep health risks for girls
Being involved in a gang poses considerable health-related risks for adolescent African American girls, including more casual sex partners and substance abuse combined with less testing for HIV and less knowledge about preventing sexually transmitted diseases, according to a new study.

Contact: Jann Ingmire
jingmire@uchicago.edu
773-702-2772
University of Chicago

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
RSC Advances
Rubber meets the road with new ORNL carbon, battery technologies
Recycled tires could see new life in lithium-ion batteries.

Contact: Ron Walli
wallira@ornl.gov
865-576-0226
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Encyclopedia of how genomes function gets much bigger
A big step in understanding the mysteries of the human genome was unveiled today in the form of three analyses that provide the most detailed comparison yet of how the genomes of the fruit fly, roundworm, and human function. The analyses will likely offer insights into how the information in the human genome regulates development, and how it is responsible for diseases.
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Contact: Dan Krotz
dakrotz@lbl.gov
510-486-4019
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
American Journal of Managed Care
Tracking spending among the commercially insured
Recent growth in health care spending for commercially insured individuals is due primarily to increases in prices for medical services, rather than increased use, according to a new study led by researchers at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy & Clinical Practice, published in the American Journal of Managed Care.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Annmarie Christensen
Annmarie.Christensen@Dartmouth.edu
603-653-0897
The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Pitt and Carnegie Mellon engineers discover why learning can be difficult
Learning a new skill is easier when it is related to ability that we already possess. For example, a trained pianist might learn a new melody more easily than learning how to hit a tennis serve.

Contact: Joseph Miksch
jmiksch@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Scientists plug into a learning brain
Scientists explored the brain's capacity to learn and found learning is easier when it only requires nerve cells to rearrange existing patterns of activity than when the nerve cells have to generate new patterns.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Burroughs Wellcome Fund

Contact: Christopher G. Thomas
thomaschr@ninds.nih.gov
301-496-5751
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Drug Metabolism and Disposition
Dosage of HIV drug may be ineffective for half of African-Americans
Many African-Americans may not be getting effective doses of the HIV drug maraviroc. The initial dosing studies included mostly European-Americans, who generally lack a protein that is key to removing maraviroc from the body, resulting in higher concentrations of the drug in the blood. The current study shows that people with maximum levels of the protein CYP3A5 -- including nearly half of African-Americans -- end up with lower levels of maraviroc in their bodies.
Johns Hopkins Institute for Clinical and Translational Research, NIH/National Center for Research Resources, Pendleton Foundation Trust

Contact: Catherine Kolf
ckolf@jhmi.edu
443-287-2251
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Gender & Society
Expression of privilege in vaccine refusal
Not all students returning to school this month will be up to date on their vaccinations. A new study conducted by Jennifer Reich, a researcher at the University of Colorado Denver, shows that the reasons why children may not be fully vaccinated depends on the class privilege of their mothers.

Contact: David Kelly
david.kelly@ucdenver.edu
303-315-6374
University of Colorado Denver

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Scripps Research Institute scientists link alcohol-dependence gene to neurotransmitter
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have solved the mystery of why a specific signaling pathway can be associated with alcohol dependence. This signaling pathway is regulated by a gene, called neurofibromatosis type 1 (Nf1), which TSRI scientists found is linked with excessive drinking in mice. The new research shows Nf1 regulates gamma-aminobutyric acid, a neurotransmitter that lowers anxiety and increases feelings of relaxation.
National Institutes of Health, Pearson Center for Alcoholism and Addiction Research, NIH/Genes, Environment and Health Initiative, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
NASA sees massive Marie close enough to affect southern California coast
Two NASA satellites captured visible and infrared pictures that show the massive size of Hurricane Marie. Marie is so large that it is bringing rough surf to the southern coast of California while almost nine hundred miles west of Baja California.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Stop and listen: Study shows how movement affects hearing
When we want to listen carefully to someone, the first thing we do is stop talking. The second thing we do is stop moving altogether. The interplay between movement and hearing has a counterpart deep in the brain. A new Duke study, published in Nature, used optogenetics to reveal exactly how the motor cortex, which controls movement, can tweak the volume control in the auditory cortex, which interprets sound.
Helen Hay Whitney Foundation, Holland-Trice Graduate Fellowship in Brain Sciences, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Karl Bates
karl.bates@duke.edu
919-681-8054
Duke University

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Witnessing the early growth of a giant
Astronomers have uncovered for the first time the earliest stages of a massive galaxy forming in the young Universe. The discovery was made possible through combining observations from the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope, ESA's Herschel Space Observatory, and the W.M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii. The growing galaxy core is blazing with the light of millions of newborn stars that are forming at a ferocious rate.

Contact: Georgia Bladon
gbladon@partner.eso.org
44-781-629-1261
ESA/Hubble Information Centre

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Ecology
More wolf spiders feasting on American toads due to invasive grass, UGA study shows
An invasive grass species frequently found in forests has created a thriving habitat for wolf spiders, who then feed on American toads, a new University of Georgia study has found. Japanese stiltgrass, which was accidentally introduced to the US in the early 1900s, is one of the most pervasive invasive species. Typically found along roads and in forests, it has been found to impact native plant species, invertebrate populations and soil nutrients.

Contact: John Maerz
jcmaerz@uga.edu
706-705-2003
University of Georgia

Public Release: 27-Aug-2014
Nature
Researchers change the emotional association of memories
By manipulating neural circuits in the brain of mice, scientists have altered the emotional associations of specific memories. The research, led by Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Susumu Tonegawa at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, reveals that the connections between the part of the brain that stores contextual information about an experience and the part of the brain that stores the emotional memory of that experience are malleable.

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Showing releases 4-28 out of 326.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>