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Showing releases 4-28 out of 394.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Radiology
Patients accept false-positives to achieve diagnostic sensitivity
Both patients and healthcare professionals believe diagnosis of extracolonic malignancy with screening computed tomography colonography greatly outweighs the potential disadvantages of subsequent radiologic or invasive follow-up tests precipitated by false-positive diagnoses, according to a new study.

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Immune system is key ally in cyberwar against cancer
Research by Rice University scientists who are fighting a cyberwar against cancer finds that the immune system may be a clinician's most powerful ally.
Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas, National Science Foundation, Tauber Family Funds

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Demography
Note to young men: Fat doesn't pay
Men who are already obese as teenagers could grow up to earn up to 18 percent less than their peers of normal weight. So says Petter Lundborg of Lund University, Paul Nystedt of Jönköping University and Dan-olof Rooth of Linneas University and Lund University, all in Sweden. The team compared extensive information from Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States, and the results are published in Springer's journal Demography.

Contact: Alexander K. Brown
alexander.brown@springer.com
212-620-8063
Springer Science+Business Media

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Lithosphere
Researchers reveal new rock formation in Colorado
An astonishing new rock formation has been revealed in the Colorado Rockies, and it exists in a deeply perplexing relationship with older rocks. Named the Tava sandstone, this sedimentary rock forms intrusions within the ancient granites and gneisses that form the backbone of the Front Range. The relationship is fascinating because it is backward: ordinarily, it is igneous rocks such as granite that would that intrude into sedimentary rocks.

Contact: Kea Giles
kgiles@geosociety.org
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Surveys may assess language more than attitudes, says study involving CU-Boulder
Scientists who study patterns in survey results might be dealing with data on language rather than what they're really after -- attitudes -- according to an international study involving the University of Colorado Boulder.

Contact: Kai Larsen
kai.larsen@colorado.edu
720-938-2436
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
'Brain Breaks' increase activity, educational performance in elementary schools
A recent survey about an exercise DVD that adds short breaks of physical activity into the daily routine of elementary school students found it had a high level of popularity with both students and teachers, and offered clear advantages for overly sedentary educational programs.
Linus Pauling Institute

Contact: Gerd Bobe
gerd.bobe@oregonstate.edu
541-737-0787
Oregon State University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Neurorehabilitation
Kessler Foundation researchers find foot drop stimulator beneficial in stroke rehab
Kessler Foundation scientists have published a study showing that use of a foot drop stimulator during a task-specific movement for 4 weeks can retrain the neuromuscular system. This finding indicates that applying the foot drop stimulator as rehabilitation intervention may facilitate recovery from this common complication of stroke. 'EMG of the tibialis anterior demonstrates a training effect after utilization of a foot drop stimulator,' was published online ahead of print on July 2 by NeuroRehabilitation
Kessler Foundation

Contact: Carolann Murphy
cmurphy@kesslerfoundation.org
973-324-8382
Kessler Foundation

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Oecologia
Insects' fear limits boost from climate change, Dartmouth study shows
Scientists often measure the effects of temperature on insects to predict how climate change will affect their distribution and abundance, but a Dartmouth study shows for the first time that insects' fear of their predators, in addition to temperature, ultimately limits how fast they grow.

Contact: John Cramer
John.Cramer@Dartmouth.edu
603-646-9130
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Microplastic pollution discovered in St. Lawrence River sediments
A team of researchers from McGill University and the Quebec government have discovered microplastics (in the form of polyethylene 'microbeads,' less than 2 mm in diameter) widely distributed across the bottom of the St. Lawrence River, the first time such pollutants have been found in freshwater sediments.

Contact: Cynthia Lee
cynthia.lee@mcgill.ca
514-398-6754
McGill University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The mechanics of tissue growth
Pitt, Carnegie Mellon engineers combine mechanics with biology to make key discovery about communication between cells.

Contact: Paul Kovach
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Facial masculinity not always a telling factor in mate selection
Women living where rates of infectious disease are high, according to theory, prefer men with faces that shout testosterone when choosing a mate. However, an international study says not so much, says University of Oregon anthropologist Lawrence S. Sugiyama.
Leverhulme Trust

Contact: Jim Barlow
jebarlow@uoregon.edu
541-346-3481
University of Oregon

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Nature Climate Change
Study helps assess impact of temperature on belowground soil decomposition
The Earth's soils store four times more carbon than the atmosphere and small changes in soil carbon storage can have a big effect on atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations. A new paper in the journal Nature Climate Change concludes that climate warming does not accelerate soil organic carbon decomposition or affect soil carbon storage, despite increases in ecosystem productivity.

Contact: Sherri Eng
sleng@fs.fed.us
510-559-6327
USDA Forest Service - Pacific Southwest Research Station

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Academic Medicine
Medical students who attended community college likelier to serve poor communities
Among students who apply to and attend medical school, those from underrepresented minority backgrounds are more likely than white and Asian students to have attended a community college at some point. Community college students who were accepted to medical school were also more likely than those students who never attended a community college to commit to working with underserved populations.
Veterans Affairs Office of Academic Affiliations, VA/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, NIH/National Institute on Aging, Paul B. Beeson Career Development Award, and others

Contact: Enrique Rivero
erivero@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-2273
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
American Journal of Surgery
Study finds gallbladder surgery can wait
Study finds surgeons can wait until regular business hours and still safely perform gallbladder removals on patients needing the surgery.
H.H. Lee Research Award

Contact: Laura Mecoy
Lmecoy@labiomed.org
310-546-5860
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center (LA BioMed)

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Marine Biology
Big changes in the Sargasso Sea
In the region of the North Pacific known as the Sargasso Sea, circling ocean currents accumulate mats of Sargassum seaweed that shelter a surprising variety of fishes, snails, crabs, and other small animals. A recent paper by MBARI researcher Crissy Huffard and others shows that in 2011 and 2012 this animal community was much less diverse than it was in the early 1970s, when the last detailed studies were completed in this region.
The Schmidt Ocean Institute, The David and Lucile Packard Foundation

Contact: Kim Fulton-Bennett
kfb@mbari.org
831-775-1835
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Water Resources Research
Water-quality trading can reduce river pollution
Allowing polluters to buy, sell or trade water-quality credits will reduce pollution in rivers and estuaries faster and at lower cost than requiring them to meet compliance costs on their own, a Duke-led study finds. Establishing trading markets at a river-basin scale and allowing interstate trades will yield optimal results, but regulators shouldn't let uncertainties over details bog down a program's launch, since trading at any scale will yield gains over no trading at all.
National Science Foundation, Property and Environment Research Center

Contact: Tim Lucas
tdlucas@duke.edu
919-613-8084
Duke University

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
This week from AGU: New geologic map of Mars, storm surge in Florida
Currently, five spacecraft are investigating Mars, and a swarm of new missions to the Red Planet either have been launched or are in development.

Contact: Nanci Bompey
nbompey@agu.org
202-777-7524
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UTSA microbiologists discover regulatory thermometer that controls cholera
Karl Klose, professor of biology and a researcher in UTSA's South Texas Center for Emerging Infectious Diseases, has teamed up with researchers at Ruhr University in Bochum, Germany to understand how humans get infected with cholera, Their findings were released this week in an article published by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Contact: Kris Rodriguez
kris.rodriguez@utsa.edu
210-458-5116
University of Texas at San Antonio

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Space Weather
'Space bubbles' may have aided enemy in fatal Afghan battle
A new study provides evidence that plasma bubbles may have contributed to the communications outages during the battle of Takur Ghar and presents a new computer model that could help predict the impact of such bubbles on future military operations.

Contact: Kate Wheeling
kwheeling@agu.org
202-777-7516
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Nature Climate Change
State policies are effective in reducing power plant emissions, CU-led study finds
A new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder found that different strategies used by states to reduce power plant emissions -- direct ones such as emission caps and indirect ones like encouraging renewable energy -- are both effective. The study is the first analysis of its kind.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Don Grant
Don.GrantII@colorado.edu
303-492-6410
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Anesthesiology
New research suggests sleep apnea screening before surgery
Scheduled for surgery? New research suggests that you may want to get screened and treated for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) before going under the knife. According to a first-of-its-kind study in the October issue of Anesthesiology, the official medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists®, patients with OSA who are diagnosed and treated for the condition prior to surgery are less likely to develop serious cardiovascular complications such as cardiac arrest or shock.

Contact: Theresa Hill
t.hill@asahq.org
847-268-9246
American Society of Anesthesiologists

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
NASA sees Tropical Depression Fung-Wong becoming more frontal
Tropical Depression Fung-Wong skirted the coast of mainland China and is moving through the East China Sea. NASA's Aqua satellite captured cloud top temperature data that showed strongest thunderstorms were stretched out as the storm continues to look more frontal in nature.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology
Advancing the understanding of an understudied food allergy disorder
Investigators at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center have published the first study to extensively characterize eosinophilic gastritis.
National Institutes of Health, Campaign Urging Research for Eosinophilic Disease, Food Allergy Research & Education, Buckeye Foundation

Contact: Jim Feuer
jim.feuer@cchmc.org
513-636-4656
Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Blood
Gene mutation discovered in blood disorder
An international team of scientists has identified a gene mutation that causes aplastic anemia, a serious blood disorder in which the bone marrow fails to produce normal amounts of blood cells. Studying a family in which three generations had blood disorders, the researchers discovered a defect in a gene that regulates telomeres, chromosomal structures with crucial roles in normal cell function.
Kids Cancer Alliance, Cancer Council NSW, others

Contact: John Ascenzi
ascenzi@email.chop.edu
267-426-6055
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Public Release: 23-Sep-2014
Ecopsychology
Beating stress outdoors? Nature group walks may improve mental health
Group nature walks are linked with significantly lower depression, less perceived stress and enhanced mental health and well-being, according to the study conducted by the University of Michigan, with partners from De Montfort University, James Hutton Institute, and Edge Hill University in the United Kingdom. The findings appear in a special issue of Ecopsychology devoted to 'Ecopsychology and Public Health.'
De Montfort University Studentship; Scottish Government'sRural and Environment Science and Analytical ServicesDivision (RESAS).; Fulbright Scholarshipfrom the US-UK Fulbright Commission.

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Showing releases 4-28 out of 394.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>