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Showing releases 326-336 out of 336.

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Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
PLOS Biology
Chrono, the last piece of the circadian clock puzzle?
In an article published today in PLOS Biology, researchers from the RIKEN Brain Science Institute in Japan report the identification of Chrono, a gene involved in the regulation of the body clock in mammals and that might be a key component of the body?s response to stress.

Contact: Jens Wilkinson
jens.wilkinson@riken.jp
81-048-462-1225
RIKEN

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
When it comes to underage sex trafficking, pimps may not be the problem
A new study finds that pimps are only responsible for luring minors into sex work in a very small number of cases, and that they are not the reason why young prostitutes stay in the industry. This study was published in a new article from the May issue of the Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science.

Contact: Camille Gamboa
camille.gamboa@sagepub.com
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
JAMA
Thyroid disease risk varies among blacks, Asians, and whites
An analysis that included active military personnel finds that the rate of the thyroid disorder Graves disease is more common among blacks and Asian/Pacific Islanders compared with whites, according to a study in the April 16 issue of JAMA.

Contact: Donald S. A. McLeod, F.R.A.C.P., M.P.H.
donald.mcleod@qimrberghofer.edu.au
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
JAMA
Mothers with higher BMI have increased risk of stillbirth, infant death
Higher maternal body mass index (BMI) before or in early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death, with women who are severely obese having the greatest risk of these outcomes from their pregnancy, according to a study in the April 16 issue of JAMA.

Contact: Dagfinn Aune
d.aune@imperial.ac.uk
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Rethink education to fuel bioeconomy, says report
Microbes can be highly efficient, versatile and sophisticated manufacturing tools, and have the potential to form the basis of a vibrant economic sector. In order to take full advantage of the opportunity microbial-based industry can offer, though, educators need to rethink how future microbiologists are trained, according to a report by the American Academy of Microbiology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
jsliwa@asmusa.org
202-942-9297
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Global Change Biology
Moth study suggests hidden climate change impacts
A 32-year study of subarctic forest moths in Finnish Lapland suggests that scientists may be underestimating the impacts of climate change on animals and plants because much of the harm is hidden from view.
University of Turku, Nordic Centre of Excellence Tundra

Contact: Jim Erickson
ericksn@umich.edu
734-647-1842
University of Michigan

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Neuroscience
Casual marijuana use linked to brain abnormalities in students
Young adults who used marijuana only recreationally showed significant abnormalities in two key brain regions that that are important in emotion and motivation, scientists report. This is the first study to show casual use of marijuana is related to major brain changes. It showed the degree of brain abnormalities in these regions is directly related to the number of joints a person smoked per week.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Food and Nutrition Sciences
Eating rice boosts diet quality, reduces body weight and improves markers for health
New research, funded by the US Department of Agriculture and the USA Rice Federation, shows that consumers can improve their diets simply by enjoying white or brown rice as part of their daily meals.
Rice Foundation

Contact: Danielle Henbest
dhenbest@pollock-pr.com
212-941-1414
Pollock Communications

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Radiology
MRI pinpoints region of brain injury in some concussion patients
Researchers using information provided by a magnetic resonance imaging technique have identified regional white matter damage in the brains of people who experience chronic dizziness and other symptoms after concussion. The findings suggest that information provided by MRI can speed the onset of effective treatments for concussion patients.

Contact: Linda Brooks
lbrooks@rsna.org
630-590-7762
Radiological Society of North America

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
PLOS Medicine
Mouse model would have predicted toxicity of drug that killed 5 in 1993 clinical trial
Over 20 years after the fatal fialuridine trial, a study published this week in PLOS Medicine demonstrates that mice with humanized livers recapitulate the drug's toxicity. The work suggests that this mouse model should be added to the repertoire of tools used in preclinical screening of drugs for liver toxicity before they are given to human participants in clinical trials.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Fiona Godwin
medicinepress@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 15-Apr-2014
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Computerized counseling reduces HIV-1 viral load, sexual transmission risk
New research shows that computerized counseling is a promising intervention for increased ART adherence and safer sex, especially for individuals with problems in these areas. This is the first intervention to report improved ART adherence, viral suppression, and reduced secondary sexual transmission risk behavior.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH/National Cancer Institute, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/ Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Christopher James
christopher.james@nyu.edu
212-998-6876
New York University

Showing releases 326-336 out of 336.

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