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Showing releases 326-350 out of 445.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 > >>

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Siblings of children with autism can show signs at 18 months
About 20 percent of younger siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder will develop the condition by age 3. A new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers has found that 57 percent of these younger siblings who later develop the condition already showed symptoms at age 18 months.

Contact: Karen N. Peart
karen.peart@yale.edu
203-432-1326
Yale University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Hazardous Materials
Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish
In a new study, Hansa Done, Ph.D. candidate, and Rolf Halden, Ph.D., researchers at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute, examine antibiotic use in the rapidly expanding world of global aquaculture.

Contact: Richard Harth
richard.harth@asu.edu
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
WSU researchers see how plants optimize their repair
Researchers led by a Washington State University biologist have found the optimal mechanism by which plants heal the botanical equivalent of a bad sunburn. Their work, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, could lead to the development of crops that can repair the sun's damage more easily, improving yields and profitability.
Washington State Agricultural Research Center, National Science Foundation, United States-Israel Binational Agricultural Research and Development Fund, Israel Science Foundation, Human Frontier Science Program Organization

Contact: Helmut Kirchhoff
kirchhh@wsu.edu
509-335-3304
Washington State University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Lancet
Controlling Ebola in West Africa most effective way to decrease international risk: Paper
Controlling the Ebola virus outbreak at the source in West Africa is the most effective way to decrease international risk of transmission, according to a research paper to be published in The Lancet.

Contact: Leslie Shepherd
shepherdl@smh.ca
416-864-6094
St. Michael's Hospital

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
GSA 2014 Annual Meeting
Heavy metal frost? A new look at a Venusian mystery
enus is hiding something beneath its brilliant shroud of clouds: a first order mystery about the planet that researchers may be a little closer to solving because of a new re-analysis of twenty-year-old spacecraft data.

Contact: Christa Stratton
cstratton@geosociety.org
778-331-7625
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Women's Health
Shopping for an egg donor: Is beauty, brains, or health most important?
When it comes to picking an egg donor, until recent years, recipients tended to prefer someone with a similar appearance. Donor trait choices are changing, though, and which traits are now more preferable and why is the focus of 'Beauty, Brains or Health: Trends in Ovum Recipient Preferences,' an article published in Journal of Women's Health.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
GSA 2014 Annual Meeting
Secrets of dinosaur ecology found in fragile amber
Ryan McKellar's research sounds like it was plucked from Jurassic Park: he studies pieces of amber found buried with dinosaur skeletons. But rather than re-creating dinosaurs, McKellar uses the tiny pieces of fossilized tree resin to study the world in which the now-extinct behemoths lived.

Contact: Christa Stratton
778-331-7625
Geological Society of America

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Educational Technology Research & Development
Digital native fallacy: Teachers still know better when it comes to using technology
Members of today's younger Net Generation aren't more tech savvy than their teachers just because they were born into a world full of computers. In fact, if it weren't for the coaxing and support of their educators, many students would never use their electronic devices for more than playing games or listening to music. So reports a new study in the journal Educational Technology Research & Development, published by Springer.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Joan Robinson
joan.robinson@springer.com
49-622-148-78130
Springer

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
New Dynamics of Ageing
Elderly people fear family falls short in ethnic minority communities
Elderly people in Pakistani and Bangladeshi communities in England fear changes in cultural attitudes will leave them without family care or state social services in their old age.

Contact: Keith Coles
keith.coles@brunel.ac.uk
Brunel University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
User-friendly electronic 'EyeCane' enhances navigational abilities for the blind
Electronic travel aids have the potential to improve navigation for the blind, but early versions had disadvantages that limited widespread adoption. A new ETA, the 'EyeCane,' developed by a team of researchers at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, expands the world of its users, allowing them to better estimate distance, navigate their environment, and avoid obstacles, according to a new study published in Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience.

Contact: Daphne Watrin
d.watrin@iospress.nl
31-206-883-355
IOS Press

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
International Journal of Nanomedicine
Design of micro and nanoparticles to improve treatments for Alzheimer's and Parkinson's
At the Faculty of Pharmacy of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country encapsulation techniques are being developed to deliver correctly and effectively certain drugs.

Contact: Matxalen Sotillo
komunikazioa@ehu.es
34-688-673-770
University of the Basque Country

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
Massive debris pile reveals risk of huge tsunamis in Hawaii
A mass of marine debris discovered in a giant sinkhole in the Hawaiian islands provides evidence that at least one mammoth tsunami, larger than any in Hawaii's recorded history, has struck the islands, and that a similar disaster could happen again, new research finds. Scientists are reporting that a wall of water up to nine meters (30 feet) high surged onto Hawaiian shores about 500 years ago. A 9.0-magnitude earthquake off the coast of the Aleutian Islands triggered the mighty wave, which left behind up to nine shipping containers worth of ocean sediment in a sinkhole on the island of Kauai.

Contact: Nanci Bompey
nbompey@agu.org
202-777-7524
American Geophysical Union

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
2014 ACM Internet Measurements Conference
VIDEO: The Internet sleeps -- in some parts of the world
Researchers studying how big the Internet is have found that it 'sleeps,' almost like a living creature.
US Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate, Air Force Research Laboratory

Contact: Robert Perkins
perkinsr@usc.edu
213-740-9226
University of Southern California

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Mediterranean, semi-arid ecosystems prove resistant to climate change
Climate change predictions for the Middle East, like other arid regions of the world, are alarming. But in testing these dire predictions, Tel Aviv University ecologists found that, contrary to expectations, no measurable changes in annual vegetation could be seen. None of the crucial vegetation characteristics -- neither species richness and composition, nor density and biomass -- had changed appreciably in the course of the rainfall manipulations.

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
International Studies Quarterly
Why sign rights treaties?
Since World War II, more than 45 international human-rights treaties have been signed by many of the world's roughly 200 countries. But why do some states sign such accords, especially if they lack a strong human-rights commitment in the first place?

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo
Frozen meal eaters have better intakes of key nutrients for fewer calories than QSR eaters
New data presented today at the 2014 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo indicate that consumers of frozen meals had higher daily intakes of dietary fiber, potassium, calcium and protein, and lower daily intakes of calories and saturated fat than consumers of quick service restaurant (QSR) meals.
Nestlé USA

Contact: Allison Szeliga
allison.szeliga@interfusecomms.com
646-935-4161
Ketchum New York

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Ethology
University of Tennessee study finds fish just wanna have fun
Gordon Burghardt and his colleagues Vladimir Dinets, a psychology research assistant professor, and James Murphy of the Smithsonian National Zoological Park in Washington, DC, are the first to document play with objects in a cichlid fish species

Contact: Whitney Heins
wheins@utk.edu
865-974-5460
University of Tennessee at Knoxville

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Interleukin-27: Can a cytokine with both pro & anti-inflammatory activity make a good drug target?
Interleukin-27, a member of the interleukin family of cytokines that help regulate the immune system, has a mainly anti-inflammatory role in the body, and its dysfunction has been implicated in autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis and Crohn's disease. More recently, IL-27's proinflammatory activity and role in chronic inflammatory diseases is becoming increasingly clear, and a new Review article that explores the potential to target a range of diseases that share common IL-27-activated mechanisms is presented in.

Contact: Kathryn Ryan
kryan@liebertpub.com
914-740-2100
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc./Genetic Engineering News

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Psychological Science
Brain activity provides evidence for internal 'calorie counter'
As you think about how a food will taste and whether it's nutritious, an internal calorie counter of sorts is also evaluating each food based on its caloric density, according to findings from a new neuroimaging study. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
ZooKeys
John Lennon commemorated by naming a new tarantula species from South America after him
A newly described tarantula species from Western Brazilian Amazonia was named Bumba lennoni in honor of John Lennon, a founder member of the legendary band the Beatles. The new species is part of the tarantula family Theraphosidae which comprises the largest sized spider species in the world. The study was published in the open access journal Zookeys.

Contact: Fernando Pérez-Miles
myga@fcien.edu.uy
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Psychological Science
Why your brain makes you reach for junk food
The study, published in Psychological Science, is based on brain scans of healthy participants who were asked to examine pictures of various foods. Participants rated which foods they would like to consume and were asked to estimate the calorie content of each food. Surprisingly, they were poor at accurately judging the number of calories in the various foods, but their choices and their willingness to pay centered on those foods with higher caloric content.

Contact: Anita Kar
anita.kar@mcgill.ca
514-398-3376
McGill University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Emergency epinephrine used 38 times in Chicago Public School academic year
During the 2012-2013 school year, 38 Chicago Public School students and staff were given emergency medication for potentially life-threatening allergic reactions. The impact during the initiative's first year underscores the need for stocking undesignated epinephrine in schools across the country.

Contact: Erin White
ewhite@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Facetless crystals that mimic starfish shells could advance 3-D-printing pills
In a design that mimics a hard-to-duplicate texture of starfish shells, University of Michigan engineers have made rounded crystals that have no facets.
US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Contact: Nicole Casal Moore
ncmoore@umich.edu
734-647-7087
University of Michigan

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Physical Review Letters
Wild molecular interactions in a new hydrogen mixture
Hydrogen responds to pressure and temperature extremes differently. Under ambient conditions hydrogen is a gaseous two-atom molecule. As confinement pressure increases, the molecules adopt different states of matter -- like when water ice melts to liquid. Scientists, including Carnegie's Alexander Goncharov, combined hydrogen with its heavier sibling deuterium and created a novel, disordered, 'Phase IV'-material. The molecules interact differently than have been observed before, which could be valuable for controlling superconducting and thermoelectric properties of new materials.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Alex Goncharov
agoncharov@carnegiescience.edu
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 20-Oct-2014
Nature
New study demonstrates advances in creating treatment for common childhood blood cancer
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center conclude new drug in development may offer first alternative to standard chemotherapy for T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Contact: David March
david.march@nyumc.org
212-404-3528
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Showing releases 326-350 out of 445.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 > >>