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Showing releases 326-350 out of 371.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Global Environmental Change
Scientists develop tool to help communities stay environmentally and socially 'healthy'
Geographers at the University of Southampton have developed a new way to measure the 'health' of poor regional communities. They aim to improve the wellbeing of people by guiding sustainable development practices to help avoid social and environmental collapse.
Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation

Contact: Peter Franklin
p.franklin@soton.ac.uk
44-238-059-5457
University of Southampton

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Neuron
New findings on how brain handles tactile sensations
The traditional understanding in neuroscience is that tactile sensations from the skin are only assembled to form a complete experience in the cerebral cortex, the most advanced part of the brain. However, this is challenged by new research findings from Lund University in Sweden that suggest both that other levels in the brain play a greater role than previously thought, and that a larger proportion of the brain's different structures are involved in the perception of touch.

Contact: Henrik Jörntell
henrik.jorntell@med.lu.se
46-705-378-967
Lund University

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Playing tag with sugars in the cornfield
Grasses and crops such as maize attach sugars to chemical defenses called benzoxazinoids to protect themselves from being poisoned by their own protective agents. Then, when an insect starts feeding, a plant enzyme removes the sugar to deploy the active toxin. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, have now discovered why this defensive strategy fails to work against Spodoptera larvae. Armyworms deactivate the maize chemical defense by reattaching the sugar in the opposite configuration.
Swiss National Science Foundation, Max Planck Society

Contact: Daniel Giddings Vassão
vassao@ice.mpg.de
49-364-157-1333
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Evolution and Human Behavior
The ideal age of sexual partners is different for men and women
New evolutionary psychology research shows gender differences in age preferences regarding sexual partners.
Academy of Finland

Contact: Jan Antfolk
jan.antfolk@abo.fi
358-442-557-682
Academy of Finland

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Spot on against autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammations
Multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes and lupus are autoimmune diseases in which the immune cells can no longer differentiate between friend and foe and thus attack the body's own tissue. Here, the immunoproteasome, which supplies the immune system with information on processes within the cell, plays a central role. Chemists at Technische Universität München have now discovered a way to inhibit its functionality, thereby laying the foundation for possible optimizations of existing medications.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Dr. Andreas Battenberg
battenberg@zv.tum.de
49-892-891-0510
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
American Journal of Human Genetics
New genes identified with key role in the development of severe childhood epilepsies
In the largest collaborative study so far, an international team of researchers, including scientists from VIB and Antwerp University identified novel causes for severe childhood epilepsies. The researchers analyzed the genetic information of 356 patients and their parents. In their analysis, the research teams looked for genes that had acquired new mutations in the children with severe epilepsies when compared to the DNA of the parents.

Contact: Sooike Stoops
niels.desmet@vib.be
32-924-46611
VIB (the Flanders Institute for Biotechnology)

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Animal Migration
Natural selection causes early migration and shorter parental care for shorebirds
The paper shows that in the years when peregrine migration begins early, the early-migrators appear to cut short their breeding activities, presumably to beat the onrush of raptors. Meanwhile, those species that migrate later do not need to shorten their nesting season. It emphasizes the inherent conflict all migratory birds face between trying to produce as many offspring as possible while still maximizing their own survival.

Contact: Maria Hrynkiewicz
maria.hrynkiewicz@degruyteropen.com
48-660-476-421
De Gruyter Open

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
British Journal of Cancer
Simple blood test could be used as tool for early cancer diagnosis
High levels of calcium in blood, a condition known as hypercalcemia, can be used by GPs as an early indication of certain types of cancer, according to a study by researchers from the universities of Bristol and Exeter.

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8086
University of Bristol

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Lancet Global Health
Experts at LSTM use modelling approach to assess the effectiveness TB diagnostics
Experts at LSTM have used a novel modelling approach to project the effects of new diagnostic methods and algorithms for the diagnosis of tuberculosis recently endorsed by the World Health Organization, looking at the patient, health system and population perspective in Tanzania.

Contact: Clare Bebb
clare.bebb@lstmed.ac.uk
44-015-170-53135
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Science
Innovative Stone Age tools were not African invention, say researchers
A new discovery of thousands of Stone Age tools has provided a major insight into human innovation 325,000 years ago and how early technological developments spread across the world, according to research published in the journal Science.
University of Connecticut, UK Natural Environment Research Council, Leakey Foundation, Irish Research Council, University of Winchester

Contact: Paul Teed
paul.teed@rhul.ac.uk
01-784-443-552
Royal Holloway, University of London

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Neuropsychologia
Brains not recognizing an angry expression
Japanese researchers first identified the characteristics of facial expression recognition of children with ADHD by measuring hemodynamic response in the brain. They showed that children with ADHD showed significant hemodynamic response to the happy expression but not to the angry expression. This difference in the neural basis for the recognition of facial expression might be responsible for impairment in social recognition and the establishment of peer-relationships.

Contact: Ryusuke Kakigi
kakigi@nips.ac.jp
National Institutes of Natural Sciences

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
Protecting the body from itself
Scientists from A*STAR's Bioprocessing Technology Institute have established a clearer relationship between two cells which serve our body's natural defense mechanisms against diseases and infections. Their findings, published in the prestigious journal Cell Reports, will help the medical community better understand autoimmunity and could pave the way for treatment of autoimmune diseases.
Agency for Science, Technology and Research

Contact: Vanessa Loh
vanessa_loh@a-star.edu.sg
656-826-6395
Biomedical Sciences Institutes (BMSI)

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Human papilloma virus vaccination provides long-term protection
This edition of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International reveals that Yvonne Deleré of Berlin's Robert Koch Institute et al. have produced a systematic review that shows no decrease in protection over a period of five years following vaccination against HPV types 16 and 18.

Contact: Dr. med. Thomas Harder
HarderT@rki.de
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Osteoarthritis of the hip: Appropriate exercise therapy can alleviate symptoms
Osteoarthritis of the hip is a progressive degenerative disorder affecting the hip joints, which affects one in 10 adults. To date, no cure exists. Appropriate exercise therapy can, however, delay progression of the disease and alleviate symptoms, as shown in a randomized controlled study reported by Inga Krauß et al. in Deutsches Ärzteblatt.

Contact: Dr. Inga Krauß
inga.krauss@med.uni-tuebingen.de
Deutsches Aerzteblatt International

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
PLOS ONE
Cryptogenic strokes may find explanation in the heart
More than half of the patients who have suffered a stroke with no well-defined aetiology have an enlarged left atrial appendage of the heart, according to a Finnish study. The results indicate that the enlargement of the left atrial appendage may be an independent risk factor of strokes with cardiac origin.

Contact: Mikko Taina
mikko.taina@kuh.fi
358-408-429-161
University of Eastern Finland

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Treatment studied to help patients 'burned to the bone'
An anti-inflammatory treatment, studied by University of Michigan regenerative medicine specialists and trauma surgeons, may prevent what's become one of the war-defining injuries for today's troops.
Plastic Surgery Foundation National Endowment Award

Contact: Shantell Kirkendoll
smkirk@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Journal of Animal Science
New scientific review of genetically engineered feeds in livestock diets
An article published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Animal Science concludes feeding livestock diets that contain genetically engineered (GE) crops has no impact on the health or productivity of those animals. In a thorough review of scientific literature and field data sets, the article documents evidence that the performance and health of food-producing animals fed GE crops are comparable with those of animals fed non-GE crops.

Contact: Kim Schoonmaker
kims@asas.org
American Society of Animal Science

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell
Surprising diversity of antibody family provides clues for HIV vaccine design
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have described how a single family of antibodies that broadly neutralizes different strains of HIV has evolved remarkably diverse structures to attack a vulnerable site on the virus. The findings provide clues for the design of a future HIV vaccine.
International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Neutralizing Antibody Center, Center for HIV/AIDS Vaccine Immunology and Immunogen Discovery, HIV Vaccine Research and Design Program, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell Reports
NYU Langone scientists identify key factor that maintains stem cell identity
A protein implicated in several cancers appears to play a pivotal role in keeping stem cells in an immature 'pluripotent' state, according to a new study by NYU Langone Medical Center scientists.
New York Stem Cell Foundation, Lady Tata Memorial Trust for Leukemia, American Society of Hematology, Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, NIH/National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Mandler
Jim.Mandler@nyumc.org
212-404-3525
NYU Langone Medical Center / New York University School of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Science
Harvesting hydrogen fuel from the Sun using Earth-abundant materials
Today, the journal Science published the latest development in Michael Grätzel's laboratory at EPFL: producing hydrogen fuel from sunlight and water. By combining a pair of solar cells made with a mineral called perovskite and low cost electrodes, scientists have obtained a 12.3 percent conversion efficiency from solar energy to hydrogen, a record using Earth-abundant materials as opposed to rare metals.

Contact: Emmanuel Barraud
emmanuel.barraud@epfl.ch
41-796-283-642
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cancer Discovery
Calming down immune cells could hold key to melanoma treatment
Immune cells may be responsible for drug resistance in melanoma patients, according to research published in Cancer Discovery.
Cancer Research UK

Contact: Greg Jones
greg.jones@cancer.org.uk
44-020-346-98311
Cancer Research UK

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Science
Heritage of Earth's water gives rise to hopes of life on other planets
A pioneering new study has shown that water found on Earth predates the formation of the Sun -- raising hopes that life could exist on exoplanets, the planets orbiting other stars in our galaxy.

Contact: Duncan Sandes
d.sandes@exeter.ac.uk
University of Exeter

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Study finds global sea levels rose up to 5 meters per century at the end of the last 5 ice ages
Land-ice decay at the end of the last five ice ages caused global sea-levels to rise at rates of up to 5.5 meters per century, according to a new study.
Natural Environment Research Council, Australian Research Council

Contact: Glenn Harris
G.Harris@soton.ac.uk
44-023-805-93212
University of Southampton

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Globalization and Health
Experts call for a moratorium on use of new internet domain .health
As the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers moves forward with plans to launch health-related generic top-level domains, such as .health and .doctor, a coalition of health policy academics and clinicians are raising concerns about a process they say 'favor[s] business interests and the generation of profits over the future integrity of the Health Internet.'

Contact: Shane Canning
shane.canning@biomedcentral.com
44-203-192-2243
BioMed Central

Public Release: 25-Sep-2014
Cell Host & Microbe
Protein controlling gut's protective force field identified
A sugary force field is activated in the gut when our defenses are down to encourage the growth of helpful bacteria and fight over-colonization by harmful micro-organisms, scientists have discovered.

Contact: Mary Clarke
press.office@sanger.ac.uk
01-223-492-368
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Showing releases 326-350 out of 371.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>