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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 326-350 out of 373.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Modern Physics Letters B
Plasmon-enhanced Polarization-selective filter
This structure composed of multiple holes array by filling it with nonlinear medium combines the characteristics of selectable wavelength, enhanced transmission, polarization separation and output control by the intensity of incident light. This result is useful for integrated optical circuits and on-chip optical interconnects.
National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Jason CJ Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Extreme Events
Is the US National Flood Insurance Program affordable?
The paper examines the challenges in offering risk-based premiums and affordability of flood insurance through a case study of Ocean County, New Jersey, an area heavily damaged by Hurricane Sandy. The authors of the paper argue that the National Flood Insurance Program must address affordability concerns, but that this should not be done through discounted premiums.
Center for Risk and Economic Analysis of Terrorism Events, Center for Research on Environmental Decisions, Travelers Foundation, National Science Foundation, Wharton Risk Management and Decision Processes Center

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Potential new therapy with brain-on-a-chip axonal strain injury model
Researchers from the Biomedical Engineering Department of Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey recently demonstrated the use of their 'Brain-on-a-Chip' microsystem to assess specific effects of traumatic axonal injury.
New Jersey Commission for Brain Injury, Research, NIH/National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Philly Lim
World Scientific

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Danish DNA could be key to happiness
Genetics could be the key to explaining nation's levels of happiness, according to research from the University of Warwick. Economists at the University's Centre for Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy have looked at why certain countries top the world happiness rankings. In particular they have found the closer a nation is to the genetic makeup of Denmark, the happier that country is.

Contact: Kelly Parkes-Harrison
University of Warwick

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
A new stable and cost-cutting type of perovskite solar cell
Scientists at the Michael Grätzel Center for Mesoscopic Cells in Wuhan China in cooperation with the Laboratory for Photonics and Interfaces at EPFL directed by Michael Grätzel have made a very efficient perovskite solar cell that does not require a hole-conducting layer. The novel photovoltaic achieved energy conversion efficiency of 12.8 percent and was stable for over 1000 hours under full sunlight. The innovation is expected to significantly reduce the cost of these promising solar cells.
Ministry of Science and Technology of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Science and Technology Department of Hubei Province, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Water Resources Research
The rate at which groundwater reservoirs are being depleted is increasing
In what parts of the world and to what degree have groundwater reservoirs been depleted over the past 50 years? The Frankfurt hydrologist Prof. Petra Döll has been researching this using the global water model WaterGAP. Her conclusion: The rate at which groundwater reservoirs are being depleted is increasing, but that the rate is not as high as previously estimated.
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft

Contact: Anke Sauter
Goethe University Frankfurt

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
What are the risks of post-traumatic stress disorder after an accident?
Many patients continue to suffer from symptoms (headaches, pain) several months after an accident. The team of Emmanuel Lagarde, research director at Inserm's Research Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics has studied the subsequent development of 1,300 people who were admitted to A&R between 2007 and 2009 for trauma. The researchers demonstrate that it is possible to identify people who will develop post-traumatic stress disorder, which generally occurs when the individual's life was put in danger.

Contact: Emmanuel Lagarde
INSERM (Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale)

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Molecular Cell
New gene discovered that stops the spread of deadly cancer
Scientists at the Salk Institute have identified a gene responsible for stopping the movement of cancer from the lungs to other parts of the body, indicating a new way to fight one of the world's deadliest cancers.

Contact: Kristina Grifantini
858-453-4100 x1226
Salk Institute

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Eradicating fatal sleeping sickness by killing off the tsetse fly
Steven L. Peck, a BYU professor of biology, has lent his expertise in understanding insect movement to help shape a UN-sanctioned eradication effort of the tsetse fly -- a creature that passes the fatal African sleeping sickness to humans, domestic animals, and wildlife. Results of the effort appear in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
US State Department, Joint Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, International Atomic Energy Agency, Department of Technical Cooperation, Directorate of Veterinary Services of Senegal, Institut Senegalais de Recerches Agricoles

Contact: Todd Hollingshead
Brigham Young University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Scientific Reports
Scientists track gene activity when honey bees do and don't eat honey
In a new study, described in Scientific Reports, researchers took a broad look at changes in gene activity in response to diet in the Western honey bee, and found significant differences occur depending on what the bees eat.

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Cancer Cell
Tak Mak study in Cancer Cell maps decade of discovery to potential anticancer agent
The journal Cancer Cell today published research led by Dr. Tak Mak mapping the path of discovery to developing a potential anticancer agent.
The Princess Margaret Cancer Foundation, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Genome Canada

Contact: Jane Finlayson
University Health Network

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Scientists find protein-building enzymes have metamorphosed & evolved new functions
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and their collaborators have found that ancient enzymes, known for their fundamental role in translating genetic information into proteins, evolved myriad other functions in humans. The surprising discovery highlights an intriguing oddity of protein evolution as well as a potentially valuable new class of therapeutic proteins and therapeutic targets.
HHong Kong Government's Innovation and Technology Fund, National Foundation for Cancer Research, National Institutes of Health, aTyr Pharma, Pangu Biopharma

Contact: Mika Ono
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Cell Metabolism
Researchers discover new link between obesity, inflammation, and insulin resistance
Study finds that the NBR1 protein plays a critical role in regulating obesity-induced inflammation that leads to metabolic disease. The findings suggest a new approach to targeting the inflammatory links between obesity and metabolic disease to prevent and treat type 2 diabetes.

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Study shows how effects of starvation can be passed to future generations
A new study, involving roundworms, shows that starvation induces specific changes in small RNAs and that these changes are inherited through at least three consecutive generations, without any DNA involvement.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Karin Eskenazi
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Human Lactation
How does working part-time versus working full-time affect breastfeeding goals?
While many women intend to breastfeed despite returning to work, a new study finds that mothers who plan to breastfeed for at least three months but return to work full-time are less likely to meet their breastfeeding goals. Conversely, there is no association between women who return to work part-time and failure to reach the breastfeeding goal of at least three months.

Contact: camille gamboa
SAGE Publications

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Cell Metabolism
One third of cancer patients are killed by a 'fat-burning' process termed 'cachexia'
Erwin Wagner's team at the Spanish National Cancer Research Center has uncovered that cachexia is triggered by a process thoroughly studied in the fight against obesity: the conversion of white fat into brown fat. The researchers also argue that reducing the transformation of fat tissue can improve the symptoms of cachexia. This approach can be used to develop novel therapeutic strategies to treat cancer. These results are published in the journal 'Cell Metabolism'.

Contact: Nuria Noriega
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas (CNIO)

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
The Lancet: Causes of death shifting in people with HIV
HIV-positive adults in high income countries face a substantially reduced risk of death from AIDS-related causes, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease compared with a decade ago, according to a large international study published in The Lancet.

Contact: Dr Colette Smith
The Lancet

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Annals of Emergency Medicine
For the sickest emergency patients, death risk is lowest at busiest emergency centers
When a medical emergency strikes, our gut tells us to get to the nearest hospital quickly. But a new study suggests that busier emergency centers may actually give the best chance of surviving -- especially for people suffering life-threatening medical crises.
University of Michigan

Contact: Kara Gavin
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Physical Biology
Physicists reveal random nature of metastasis
The spreading of a cancerous tumour from one part of the body to another may occur through pure chance instead of key genetic mutations, a new study has shown.

Contact: Michael Bishop
Institute of Physics

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
JAMA Ophthalmology
Vision loss associated with work status
Vision loss is associated with a higher likelihood of not working.

Contact: Audrey M. Huang
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Findings suggest antivirals underprescribed for patients at risk for flu complications
Patients likely to benefit the most from antiviral therapy for influenza were prescribed these drugs infrequently during the 2012-2013 influenza season, while antibiotics may have been overprescribed. Published in Clinical Infectious Diseases and now available online, the findings suggest more efforts are needed to educate clinicians about the appropriate use of antivirals and antibiotics in the outpatient setting.

Contact: Jerica Pitts
Infectious Diseases Society of America

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Journal of Hospital Medicine
Best anticoagulants after orthopedic procedures depends on type of surgery
Current guidelines do not distinguish between aspirin and more potent blood thinners for protecting against blood clots in patients who undergo major orthopedic operations, leaving the decision up to individual clinicians. A new analysis published today in the Journal of Hospital Medicine provides much-needed information that summarizes existing studies about which medications are best after different types of surgery.

Contact: Evelyn Martinez

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
PLOS Genetics
Pitt-led study suggests cystic fibrosis is 2 diseases, 1 doesn't affect lungs
Cystic fibrosis could be considered two diseases, one that affects multiple organs including the lungs, and one that doesn't affect the lungs at all, according to a multicenter team led by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. The research, published online today in PLOS Genetics, showed that nine variants in the gene associated with cystic fibrosis can lead to pancreatitis, sinusitis and male infertility, but leave the lungs unharmed.
National Institutes of Health, Ministry for Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Sciences, Seoul

Contact: Anita Srikameswaran
University of Pittsburgh Schools of the Health Sciences

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
When is a molecule a molecule?
Using ultra-short X-ray flashes, an international team of researchers watched electrons jumping between the fragments of exploding molecules. The study reveals up to what distance charge transfer between the molecular fragments can occur, marking the limit of the molecular regime, as the scientists around Dr. Benjamin Erk and Dr. Daniel Rolles of DESY and Professor Artem Rudenko of Kansas State University report in Science. Such mechanisms play a role in numerous chemical processes, including photosynthesis.

Contact: Thomas Zoufal
Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY

Public Release: 17-Jul-2014
Politically driven legislation targeting dangerous dogs has had little impact
UK legislation that targets 'dangerous dogs' has not been shown to reduce dog bites and policies should be based on evidence and risk assessment, suggests a personal view published on today.

Contact: Emma Dickinson
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Showing releases 326-350 out of 373.

<< < 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>