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Showing releases 351-375 out of 458.

<< < 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Study finds inconsistent achievement of guidelines for acute asthma care in hospital EDs
A study comparing the care delivered to patients coming to hospital emergency departments for acute asthma attacks in recent years with data gathered more than 15 years earlier finds inconsistencies in how well hospitals are meeting nationally established treatment guidelines. While the achievement of most guidelines defining appropriate pharmacologic treatments for particular patients improved over the study period, hospitals did less well in meeting several other guidelines.
Novartis Pharmaceuticals

Contact: Cassandra Aviles
cmaviles@partners.org
617-724-6433
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Evolution and Human Behavior
'Red effect' sparks interest in female monkeys
Recent studies showed that the color red tends increase our attraction toward others, feelings of jealousy, and even reaction times. Now, new research shows that female monkeys also respond to the color red, suggesting that biology, rather than our culture, may play the fundamental role in our 'red' reactions.
The Sloan Foundation, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, University of Rochester

Contact: Monique Patenaude
monique.patenaude@rochester.edu
585-276-3693
University of Rochester

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
Biological clock disruptions increase breast cancer risk, UGA study finds
The disruption of a person's circadian rhythm -- their 24-hour biological clock -- has been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, according to new University of Georgia research. The culprit, in this study in particular, is artificial light. 'Exposure to artificial light leads to a significantly higher risk for developing breast cancer,' said Chunla He, a biostatistics graduate student in the UGA College of Public Health.

Contact: Sara Wagner Robb
swagner@uga.edu
706-583-8149
University of Georgia

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Molecular Human Reproduction
Sperm wars
Why do male animals need millions of sperms every day in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes anyway? These and related questions are the topic of the latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction published today. The evolutionary biologist Steven Ramm from Bielefeld University has compiled this special issue on sperm competition.

Contact: Steven A. Ramm
steven.ramm@uni-bielefeld.de
49-521-106-2719
Bielefeld University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Human Movement Science
University of Toronto study finds that action video games bolster sensorimotor skills
A study led by University of Toronto psychology researchers has found that people who play action video games such as Call of Duty or Assassin's Creed seem to learn a new sensorimotor skill more quickly than non-gamers do.

Contact: Kim Luke
kim.luke@utoronto.ca
416-978-4352
University of Toronto

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nano Letters
Superconducting circuits, simplified
New circuit design could unlock the power of experimental superconducting computer chips.
National Science Foundation, Director of National Intelligence

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General
How the brain leads us to believe we have sharp vision
We assume that we can see the world around us in sharp detail. In fact, our eyes can only process a fraction of our surroundings precisely. In a series of experiments, psychologists at Bielefeld University have been investigating how the brain fools us into believing that we see in sharp detail. The results have been published in the scientific magazine 'Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.'

Contact: Dr. Arvid Herwig
arvid.herwig@uni-bielefeld.de
49-521-106-4516
Bielefeld University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Physical Biology
Physicists warning to 'nail beauty fans' applies to animals too
The daily trimming of fingernails and toenails to make them more aesthetically pleasing could be detrimental and potentially lead to serious nail conditions. New research into nail growth, carried out by physicists at The University of Nottingham, will also improve our understanding of disease in the hooves of farm animals and horses.

Contact: Lindsay Brooke
lindsay.brooke@nottingham.ac.uk
44-011-595-15751
University of Nottingham

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nature Genetics
High-speed evolution in the lab
Organisms require flexible genomes in order to adapt to changes in the environment. Scientists from the Vetmeduni Vienna study genomes of entire populations. They want to know why individuals differ from each other and how these differences are encoded in the DNA. In two review papers published in the journals Nature Reviews Genetics and Heredity, they discuss why DNA sequencing of entire groups can be an efficient and cost-effective way to answer these questions.

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
susanna.kautschitsch@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-125-077-1153
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Chemical Communications
Scientific breakthrough will help design the antibiotics of the future
Scientists have used computer simulations to show how bacteria are able to destroy antibiotics -- a breakthrough which will help develop drugs which can effectively tackle infections in the future.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8086
University of Bristol

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Emergency aid for overdoses
Every minute counts in the event of an overdose. ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux and his team have developed an agent to filter out toxins from the body more quickly and efficiently. It can also be used for dialysis in patients suffering from hepatic failure.

Contact: Dr. Jean-Christophe Leroux
jean-christophe.leroux@pharma.ethz.ch
41-446-337-310
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Infection and Immunity
Scientists opens black box on bacterial growth in cystic fibrosis lung infection
Researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown for the first time how bacteria can grow directly in the lungs of Cystic fibrosis patients, giving them the opportunity to get tremendous insights into bacteria behavior and growth in chronic infections.

Contact: Thomas Bjarnsholt
Tbjarnsholt@sund.ku.dk
45-20-65-98-88
University of Copenhagen – The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Geology
Australian volcanic mystery explained: ANU media release
Scientists have solved a long-standing mystery surrounding Australia's only active volcanic area. The volcanism springs from a unique interaction between the continent's movement north and local variations in its thickness.

Contact: Dr. Rhodri Davies
rhodri.davies@anu.edu.au
61-261-253-643
Australian National University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
UEG Week 2014
New pill-only regimens cure patients with hardest-to-treat hepatitis C infection
Two new pill-only regimens that rapidly cure most patients with genotype 1 hepatitis C infection could soon be widely prescribed across Europe. Two recently published studies confirmed the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with two oral direct-acting antiviral agents, with around 90 percent of patients cured after just 12 weeks of treatment.

Contact: Samantha Forster
samantha@spinkhealth.com
44-144-481-1099
Spink Health

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Diabetologia
Study shows children who have had enterovirus infection are around 50 percent more likely to have type 1 diabetes
A new study published in Diabetologia, the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, shows that children who have been infected with enterovirus are 48 percent more likely to have developed type 1 diabetes.

Contact: Dr. Tsai Chung-Li
tcli@mail.cmu.edu.tw
886-919-670-501
Diabetologia

Public Release: 17-Oct-2014
Nature Communications
Divide and conquer: Novel trick helps rare pathogen infect healthy people
New research into a rare pathogen has shown how a unique evolutionary trait allows it to infect even the healthiest of hosts through a smart solution to the body's immune response against it.

Contact: Luke Harrison
l.harrison.1@bham.ac.uk
University of Birmingham

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
American Journal of Pathology
Presence of enzyme may worsen effects of spinal cord injury and impair long-term recovery
Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating condition with few treatment options. Studies show that damage to the barrier separating blood from the spinal cord can contribute to the neurologic deficits that arise secondary to the initial trauma. Researchers reporting in The American Journal of Pathology suggest that matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) plays a pivotal role in disruption of the brain/spinal cord barrier, cell death, and functional deficits after SCI. This link also presents new therapeutic possibilities.

Contact: Eileen Leahy
ajpmedia@elsevier.com
732-238-3628
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Cell Reports
High-fat meals could be more harmful to males than females, according to new obesity research
Male and female brains are not equal when it comes to the biological response to a high-fat diet. Cedars-Sinai Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute scientist Deborah Clegg, Ph.D., and a team of international investigators found that the brains of male laboratory mice exposed to the same high-fat diet as their female counterparts developed brain inflammation and heart disease that were not seen in the females.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Laura Coverson
laura.coverson@cshs.org
310-423-5215
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Tissue Engineering
First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus
In a first step toward future human therapies, researchers at The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles have shown that esophageal tissue can be grown in vivo from both human and mouse cells.
California Institute for Regenerative Medicine

Contact: Debra Kain
dkain@chla.usc.edu
323-361-1812
Children's Hospital Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
PLOS ONE
UCLA research could help improve bladder function among people with spinal cord injuries
New UCLA research may lead to dramatically fewer bladder infections following spinal cord injuries and other traumatic injuries -- infections that can cause kidney damage, and even death.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
swolpert@support.ucla.edu
310-206-0511
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Astronomical Journal
Explosion first evidence of a hydrogen-deficient supernova progenitor
A model presented by Kavli IPMU provides the first characterization of the progenitor for a hydrogen-deficient supernova. The model predicts that a bright hot star, which is the binary companion to an exploding object, remains after the explosion.Their findings have important implications for the evolution of massive stars.

Contact: James Cohen
cohen@kavlifoundation.org
The Kavli Foundation

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Geophysical Research Letters
NASA study finds 1934 had worst drought of last thousand years
A new study using a reconstruction of North American drought history over the last 1,000 years found that the drought of 1934 was the driest and most widespread of the last millennium.
NASA

Contact: Ellen Gray
ellen.t.gray@nasa.gov
301-286-1950
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Science
NASA spacecraft provides new information about sun's atmosphere
NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph has provided scientists with five new findings into how the sun's atmosphere, or corona, is heated far hotter than its surface, what causes the sun's constant outflow of particles called the solar wind, and what mechanisms accelerate particles that power solar flares.
NASA

Contact: Susan Hendrix
Susan.m.hendrix@nasa.gov
301-286-7745
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
Astrophysical Journal Letters
NASA's Hubble finds extremely distant galaxy through cosmic magnifying glass
Peering through a giant cosmic magnifying glass, NASA's Hubble Space Telescope has spotted a tiny, faint galaxy -- one of the farthest galaxies ever seen. The diminutive object is estimated to be more than 13 billion light-years away.
NASA

Contact: Ray Villard
villard@stsci.org
410-338-4514
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 16-Oct-2014
NASA begins sixth year of airborne Antarctic ice change study
NASA is carrying out its sixth consecutive year of Operation IceBridge research flights over Antarctica to study changes in the continent's ice sheet, glaciers and sea ice. This year's airborne campaign, which began its first flight Thursday morning, will revisit a section of the Antarctic ice sheet that recently was found to be in irreversible decline.
NASA

Contact: George Hale
George.r.hale@nasa.gov
301-614-5853
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Showing releases 351-375 out of 458.

<< < 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>