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Showing releases 401-425 out of 451.

<< < 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
ACS Nano
Rice rolls 'neat' nanotube fibers
Rice University scientists make 'neat' carbon nanotube fibers with an acid-free process.
Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine
One in five men reports violence toward intimate partners
Intimate partner violence is more common than diabetes. One in five men in the US reports violence towards their spouse or significant other, says a new nationally representative study by the University of Michigan.
Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Veteran Affairs Clinical Scholars Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, University of Michigan Injury Center

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Biological Psychiatry
Brain development in schizophrenia strays from the normal path
Schizophrenia is generally considered to be a disorder of brain development and it shares many risk factors, both genetic and environmental, with other neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and intellectual disability.

Contact: Rhiannon Bugno
Biol.Psych@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-0880
Elsevier

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Geological Journal
'Jaws' lived in Doncaster
Sharks, swamps and a tropical rainforest teeming with life -- it's not what comes to mind when you think of Yorkshire, England. But for the first time evidence of Doncaster's 310-million-year-old past, including a fossilized shark egg case, has been discovered in a derelict mining tip.

Contact: Aeron Haworth
aeron.haworth@manchester.ac.uk
44-161-275-8387
University of Manchester

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Astrobiology
Martian meteorite yields more evidence of possibility of life on Mars
A tiny fragment of Martian meteorite 1.3 billion years old is helping to make the case for the possibility of life on Mars, say scientists.
Science and Technology Facilities Council

Contact: Aeron Haworth
aeron.haworth@manchester.ac.uk
44-161-275-8387
University of Manchester

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Acta Crystallographica Section D
Protein secrets of Ebola virus
The current Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which has claimed more than 2000 lives, has highlighted the need for a deeper understanding of the molecular biology of the virus that could be critical in the development of vaccines or antiviral drugs to treat or prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever.
DOD/Defense Threat Reduction Agency

Contact: ja@iucr.org
ja@iucr.org
44-124-434-2878
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Development
Zebrafish genes linked to human respiratory diseases
Scientists from A*STAR's Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology have identified hundreds of novel genes in the zebrafish that could be functionally identical to the human genes required for forming motile cilia, hair-like structures on the surface of airway cells. These are required for removing dust and pathogens from the human airway. The study showed that the loss of these genes is linked to development of defective motile cilia, which could be the cause of some respiratory diseases.

Contact: Tan Yun Yun
tan_yun_yun@a-star.edu.sg
65-682-66373
Biomedical Sciences Institutes (BMSI)

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of American Chemical Society
Protein courtship revealed through chemist's lens
Staying clear of diseases requires the proteins in our cells to cooperate with one another. But, it has been a well-guarded secret how tens of thousands of different proteins find the correct dancing partners as they degrade and build up the human body, brain and nervous system. A recent breakthrough at the University of Copenhagen's Department of Chemistry has busted down the door and provided a look at the once obscure behavior on the protein dance floor.

Contact: Jes Andersen
jean@science.ku.dk
45-23-60-11-40
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Molecular Medicine
New drug target could prevent major global cause of maternal death
Researchers at the University of Warwick have discovered a new target for drugs that could prevent the deaths of thousands of women due to heavy blood loss after childbirth. Postpartum haemorrhage occurs when the uterus fails to contract vigorously after childbirth and the mother loses 500mls or more of blood in the 24 hours after delivery. PPH is responsible for maternal death in 1 in 1,000 deliveries in the developing world.

Contact: Tom Frew
a.t.frew@warwick.ac.uk
44-024-767-75910
University of Warwick

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Journal of Law and Medicine
Change laws to exempt unwell doctors from mandatory reporting, say medico-legal experts
Medico-legal experts who are calling for legislative changes exempting doctors from mandatory reporting, say current laws pose a risk to the public because they deter doctors from seeking medical consultations when they most need it.

Contact: Dan Gaffney
daniel.gaffney@sydney.edu.au
61-481-004-782
University of Sydney

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
The Holocene
The creation of the Vuoksi River preceded a significant cultural shift
The creation of the Vuoksi River and the subsequent rapid decrease in the water level of Lake Saimaa approximately 6,000 years ago revealed thousands of square kilometers of new, fertile land in eastern Finland. A multidisciplinary research project organised by University of Helsinki researchers has studied the role that the decrease in water levels has played in the interaction between nature and humans
Academy of Finland

Contact: Markku Oinonen
markku.j.oinonen@helsinki.fi
358-503-187-302
University of Helsinki

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Nature Communications
Think big! Bacteria breach cell division size limit
The life of a cell is straightforward: it doubles, divides in the middle and originates two identical daughter cells. Therefore, it has been long assumed that cells of the same kind are similarly sized and big cells cannot divide symmetrically. Silvia Bulgheresi's team, University of Vienna, revealed that two non-model bacteria divide regularly despite growing so long to be perceivable by the naked eye. These findings have been published in the renowned journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Silvia Bulgheresi
silvia.bulgheresi@univie.ac.at
43-676-454-6061
University of Vienna

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
12th Euro Fed Lipid Congress
Dairy consumption linked to lower blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk
Research presented at 12th Euro Fed Lipid Congress describes the relationship between milk and dairy consumption and disease risk.

Contact: Korinne Leonardis
kleonardis@pollock-pr.com
212-941-1414
Pollock Consulting

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine
The 'hidden injury' in sports
Two new studies recently published in the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine co-authored by Dr. J. Scott Delaney, a team physician for the Montreal Alouettes, Montreal Impact, and McGill football and soccer, shed light on the most common form of head injury seen in athletes. They suggest that concussions continue to be a 'hidden injury' in sports, even in the face significant increased public awareness.

Contact: Julie Robert
julie.robert@muhc.mcgill.ca
514-934-1934 x71381
McGill University Health Centre

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
American Journal of Public Health
UChicago study finds young women involve parent in abortion when anticipating support
A recent study from the Section of Family Planning and Contraceptive Research at the University of Chicago found that pregnant teens will turn to parents and adults who are engaged in their lives and who will offer support, regardless of her pregnancy decision. Young women will avoid talking with parents who are less involved or may try to prevent them from seeking care.

Contact: Lauren Whalen
lwhalen@bsd.uchicago.edu
773-834-8351
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
WSU researchers explain mystery of cereal grain defense
Crop scientists at Washington State University have explained how genes in the barley plant turn on defenses against aging and stressors like drought, heat and disease. Professor Diter von Wettstein and assistant research professor Sachin Rustgi showed that specific genes act as a switch that enables barley to live longer and become more tolerant of stress, including attack by common diseases like mildew and spot blotch.

Contact: Assistant Research Professor Sachin Rustgi
rustgi@wsu.edu
509-335-3036
Washington State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
WSU researchers find 'most famous wheat gene'
Washington State University researchers have found 'the most famous wheat gene,' a reproductive traffic cop of sorts that can be used to transfer valuable genes from other plants to wheat. The discovery clears the way for breeders to develop wheat varieties with the disease- and pest-resistance traits of other grasses, using a legion of genetic tools that can reduce crop losses and pesticide use while foregoing the cost, regulatory hurdles and controversy of genetically modified organisms.
Washington State University Vogel Endowment Fund

Contact: Kulvinder Gill
ksgill@wsu.edu
509-335-4666
Washington State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Gas leaks from faulty wells linked to contamination in some groundwater
A study has pinpointed the likely source of most natural gas contamination in drinking-water wells associated with hydraulic fracturing, and it's not the source many people may have feared.
National Science Foundation, Duke University

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
ASTRO's 56th Annual Meeting
Study adds to cancer-fighting promise of combined immunotherapy-radiation treatment
A study in mice implanted with breast and melanoma cancers adds to a growing body of evidence that highly focused radiation -- long thought to suppress immunity -- can actually help boost the immune system's fight against cancer when combined with a new kind of immune-enhancing drug.
American Association of Therapeutic Radiation Oncology, NIH/National Cancer Institute

Contact: Vanessa Wasta
wasta@jhmi.edu
410-614-2916
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Elusive quantum transformations found near absolute zero
Scientists mapped quantum phase transitions at temperatures colder than interstellar space. The ultra-cold conditions isolated the fluctuations that define the electronic, magnetic, and thermodynamic performance of metallic materials. The research provides new methods to identify and understand materials with powerful and unexpected properties, including superconductivity.
U.S. Department of Energy

Contact: Justin Eure
jeure@bnl.gov
631-344-2347
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Recommendations to improve scientific decision-making
The public dialogue surrounding whether to vaccinate children is one example of how poor communication of science can cause confusion and worsen people's health and lives. Many other issues -- from climate change to nuclear power to using 'smart' electricity grids -- also require accurate, understandable scientific communication so that policymakers and the general public can make informed decisions. To mobilize best practices and stimulate research in 'the science of science communication,' the National Academy of Sciences has held two interdisciplinary Sackler Colloquia on the topic.

Contact: Shilo Rea
shilo@cmu.edu
412-268-6094
Carnegie Mellon University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Advances in Nutrition
Vitamin E intake critical during 'the first 1,000 days'
Amid conflicting reports about the need for vitamin E and how much is enough, a new analysis published today suggests that adequate levels of this essential micronutrient are especially critical for the very young, the elderly, and women who are or may become pregnant.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Maret Traber
maret.traber@oregonstate.edu
541-737-7977
Oregon State University

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
Marine Ecology Progress Series
Study finds warming Atlantic temperatures could increase range of invasive species
Warming water temperatures due to climate change could expand the range of many native species of tropical fish, including the invasive and poisonous lionfish, according to a study of 40 species along rocky and artificial reefs off North Carolina by researchers from NOAA and the University of North Carolina-Wilmington. The findings, reported for the first time, were published in the September issue of Marine Ecology Progress Series.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, University of North Carolina - Wilmington

Contact: Ben Sherman
ben.sherman@noaa.gov
301-713-3066
NOAA Headquarters

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
50th European Association for the Study of Diabetes Annual Meeting
Study shows consumption of high-fat dairy products is associated with a lower risk of developing diabetes
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes in Vienna, Austria, shows that people with the highest consumption of high-fat dairy products -- eight or more portions per day -- have a 23 percent lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those with the lowest consumption -- one or less per day.

Contact: Dr. Ulrika Ericson
Ulrika.Ericson@med.lu.se
46-708-696-770
Diabetologia

Public Release: 15-Sep-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Multiple-birth infants use more resources, spotlight on reproductive technology
Hospital costs are higher and the odds of complication and death are greater for multiple-birth infants than singleton births and some of this clinical and economic burden can be alleviated through single-embryo transfer in assisted reproductive technology.

Contact: Georgina M. Chambers, Ph.D.
g.chambers@unsw.edu.au
The JAMA Network Journals

Showing releases 401-425 out of 451.

<< < 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>