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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 401-425 out of 466.

<< < 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
LEDs shine in bedding plant production study
Bedding plant seedlings were grown at 21C under ambient solar light and supplemental lighting from either high-pressure sodium lamps or LED arrays with varying proportions of red:blue light. Seedling quality for most of the species tested under lighting from LEDs providing both red and blue light was similar or higher than those grown under high-pressure sodium lamps. LED lighting had a positive influence on root dry mass, height, and stem caliper of the seedlings.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Organic apple orchards benefit from green compost applications
Researchers evaluated the effects of groundcover management systems and nutrient sources on soil organic matter, carbon and nitrogen concentration, and soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration over time in an organically managed orchard. Results indicated that organic cultural methods can significantly augment near-surface soil carbon and nitrogen contents, which will likely increase productivity of apple orchards in the Ozark Highlands and similar regions over a relatively short period time after establishment.

Contact: Michael W. Neff
American Society for Horticultural Science

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
NRL reveals new meteorological insight into mid-level clouds
At medium altitudes ranging from 6,000 feet to 20,000 feet above mean sea level, water droplets in altocumulus clouds can remain in a supercooled liquid phase that cannot be reasonably resolved in current atmospheric models. New meteorological research characterizes mid-level, mixed phase altocumulus clouds in unprecedented detail.

Contact: Daniel Parry
Naval Research Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Anthropological Research
The economic territory of Upper Palaeolithic groups is specified by flint
A piece of research by the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has determined, on the basis of the Ametzagaina site, in San Sebastian, the mobility patterns and management of lithic resources.

Contact: Matxalen Sotillo
University of the Basque Country

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Education
Described novel regulator of a protein inactive in over 50 percent of human tumors
Researchers at the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute and the University of Barcelona have discovered the interaction between HERC2 proteins with another protein called p53 that is inactivated in more than half of human tumors. The study results were published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

Contact: Arantxa Mena
IDIBELL-Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Our daily bread
Scientists at the Helmholtz Zentrum München have conducted research in frame of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Initiative. They gained new insights into the composition and structure of the wheat genome and the complex interplay of genes that form the basis for regulating a polyploid genome. In the process they discovered bread wheat's great potential for adapting to environmental conditions. The findings have now been collated in four research publications in the renowned research journal Science.

Contact: Klaus Mayer
Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Graefes Archive for Clinical Experimental Ophthalmology
Age-related macular degeneration occurs much earlier than previously assumed
Investigations to determine the incidence of age-related macular degeneration undertaken as part of the Gutenberg Health Study of the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz have shown that even persons under the age of 50 years may be affected by an early form of the eye disease.

Contact: Christina Korb
Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Nature Genetics
Marmoset sequence sheds new light on primate biology and evolution
An international team of scientists led by the Baylor College of Medicine and Washington University St. Louis, including a researcher from the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna have completed the genome sequence of the common marmoset -- the first sequence of a New World Monkey -- providing new information about the marmoset's unique rapid reproductive system, physiology and growth shedding new light on primate biology and evolution. The team published the work in the journal Nature Genetics.

Contact: Susanna Kautschitsch
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
New technique uses 'simulated' human heart to screen drugs
A Coventry University scientist has developed a pioneering new way -- using samples of beating heart tissue -- to test the effect of drugs on the heart without using human or animal trials.

Contact: Alex Roache
Coventry University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of American College of Cardiology
Young women with a heart attack continue to fare worse than men
While awareness campaigns may be getting women to go to the hospital more quickly during a heart attack, a new look at hospital data shows women have longer hospital stays and are more likely than men to die in the hospital after a heart attack.

Contact: Beth Casteel
American College of Cardiology

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Schizophrenia's genetic 'skyline' rising
The largest genomic dragnet of any psychiatric disorder to date has unmasked 108 chromosomal sites harboring inherited variations in the genetic code linked to schizophrenia, 83 of which had not been previously reported. By contrast, the 'skyline' of such suspect variants associated with the disorder contained only 5 significant peaks in 2011. Researchers combined data from all available schizophrenia genetic samples to boost statistical power high enough to detect subtle effects on risk.
National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: Jules Asher
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Bacteria swim with whole body, not just propellers
Many bacteria swim using flagella, corkscrew-like appendages that push or pull bacterial cells like tiny propellers. It's long been assumed that the flagella do all the work during swimming, while the rest of the cell body is just along for the ride. But new research from Brown University shows that a helical movement of the cell body generates thrust and helps the organism to swim.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Kevin Stacey
Brown University

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Large twin study suggests that language delay due more to nature than nurture
A study of 473 sets of twins followed since birth found twins have twice the rate of language delay as do single-born children. Moreover, identical twins have greater rates of language delay than do non-identical twins, strengthening the case for the heritability of language.
NIH/National Institute for Deafness and Other Communication Disorders

Contact: Karen Salisbury Henry
University of Kansas

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
JAMA Neurology
Study examines blood markers, survival in patients with ALS
The blood biomarkers serum albumin and creatinine appear to be associated with survival in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and may help define prognosis in patients after they are diagnosed with the fatal neurodegenerative disorder commonly known as Lou Gehrig's disease.

Contact: Adriano Chiò
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Comparing deep vein thrombosis treatments
Utilization of catheter-directed thrombolysis where imaging is used to guide treatment to the site of a blood clot in order to dissolve it, has increased in patients with deep vein thrombosis and there appeared to be no difference in in-hospital mortality rates for patients treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis compared with anticoagulation alone, although patients treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis had more adverse events.
Temple University Hospital

Contact: Kathleen Duffy
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Cell Biology
When temperatures get cold, newly discovered process helps fruit flies cope
Cold-blooded animals cannot regulate their body temperature, so their cells are stressed when facing temperature extremes. Worse still, even at slightly colder temperatures, some biological processes in the cell are slowed down more than others, which should throw the cells' delicate chemical balance out of whack. Yet those cells manage to keep their biological processes coordinated. Now researchers from the University of Rochester and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory have found out how they do that.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences

Contact: Peter Iglinski/LeonorSierra
University of Rochester

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Heart disease: First Canadian survey shows women unaware of symptoms and risk factors
A new survey, ordered by the University of Ottawa Heart Institute, shows that a majority of Canadian women lack knowledge of heart disease symptoms and risk factors, and that a significant proportion is even unaware of their own risk status. The findings underscore the opportunity for patient education and intervention regarding risk and prevention of heart disease.

Contact: Vincent Lamontagne
University of Ottawa Heart Institute

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Regulating the regulators: Degradation is key to the activity of the miR-21 oncomiR
Scientists from the RIKEN Center for Life Science Technologies in Japan have gained new clues that suggest the existence of a regulatory network that contributes to the irregular proliferation of cells in diseases such as cancers and psoriasis.

Contact: Jens Wilkinson

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Mycobacteria metabolism discovery may pave way for new TB drugs
The mystery of why mycobacteria -- a family that includes the microbe that causes TB -- are extraordinarily hardy organisms is being unravelled by University of Otago, New Zealand, research that offers new hope for developing a revolutionary class of antibiotics to tackle TB.
Royal Society of New Zealand's Marsden Fund, James Cook Research Fellowship, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Greg Cook
University of Otago

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Developmental Science
Brain waves show learning to read does not end in 4th grade, contrary to popular theory
Teachers-in-training have long been taught that fourth grade is when students stop learning to read and start reading to learn. But a new Dartmouth study tested the theory by analyzing brain waves and found that fourth-graders do not experience a change in automatic word processing, a crucial component of the reading shift theory. Instead, some types of word processing become automatic before fourth grade, while others don't switch until after fifth.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Shea Drefs
Dartmouth College

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Journal of Bacteriology
Investigators identify genes that contribute to radiation resistance
A team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin have identified 46 genes in Escherichia coli that are necessary for its survival at exceptionally high levels of radiation. The paper appears ahead of print in the Journal of Bacteriology.

Contact: Jim Sliwa
American Society for Microbiology

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
AIDS and Behavior
Circumcision does not promote risky behavior by African men
Men do not engage in riskier behaviors after they are circumcised, according to a study in Kenya by University of Illinois at Chicago researchers.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Chicago Development Center for AIDS Research

Contact: Sherri McGinnis Gonzalez
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Scientists successfully generate human platelets using next-generation bioreactor
Scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a scalable, next-generation platelet bioreactor to generate fully functional human platelets in vitro. The work is a major biomedical advancement that will help address blood transfusion needs worldwide.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marjorie Montemayor-Quellenberg
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
20th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014)
The Lancet: Control of HIV pandemic will not be achieved without radical improvement in support for sex workers
Across the world, in high- and low-income countries, women, men, and transgender people who sell sex are subjected to repressive and discriminatory law, policy, and practice, which in turn fuel human rights violations against them, including violence and discrimination. All of these factors are preventing sex workers from accessing the services which they need in order to effectively prevent and treat HIV infection, according to a major new Series on HIV and sex workers, published in The Lancet.

Contact: Daisy Barton
The Lancet

Public Release: 21-Jul-2014
Gene variant linked to schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism
A rare gene variant discovered by University College London scientists is associated with an increased risk of developing schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and alcoholism, confirms new research.

Contact: Harry Dayantis
University College London

Showing releases 401-425 out of 466.

<< < 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>