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Showing releases 476-500 out of 572.

<< < 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 > >>

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014
JAMA
Outcome of routine screening of patients with diabetes for CAD with CT angiography
Joseph B. Muhlestein, M.D., of the Intermountain Medical Center Heart Institute, Murray, Utah, and colleagues examined whether screening patients with diabetes deemed to be at high cardiac risk with coronary computed tomographic angiography would result in a significant long-­term reduction in death, heart attack, or hospitalization for unstable angina. The study appears in JAMA and is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014.

Contact: Jess Gomez
Jess.Gomez@imail.org
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Genetics
UTSW cancer researchers identify gene mutations and process for how kidney tumors develop
Using next generation gene sequencing techniques, cancer researchers at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center have identified more than 3,000 new mutations involved in certain kidney cancers, findings that help explain the diversity of cancer behaviors.
Genentech Inc.

Contact: Lori Sundeen Soderbergh
lori.soderbergh@utsouthwestern.edu
214-648-3404
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014
JAMA
Effect of once-daily, low-dose aspirin on CV death and other outcomes
Yasuo Ikeda, M.D., of Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan, and colleagues examined whether once-daily, low-dose aspirin would reduce the total number of cardiovascular events, such as death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal heart attack or stroke, compared with no aspirin in Japanese patients 60 years or older with hypertension, diabetes, or poor cholesterol or triglyceride levels.

Contact: Yasuo Ikeda, M.D.
yikeda@aoni.waseda.jp
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014
JAMA
Drug lowers high potassium levels associated with potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmias
Mikhail Kosiborod, M.D., of Saint Luke's Mid America Heart Institute, Kansas City, and colleagues evaluated the efficacy and safety of the drug zirconium cyclosilicate in patients with hyperkalemia -- higher than normal potassium levels. The study appears in JAMA and is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2014.

Contact: Laurel Gifford
lgifford@saint-lukes.org
816-502-8532
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Communications
TopBP1 a sweet spot for treatment in multiple cancers
A compound called calcein may act to inhibit topoisomerase IIβ-binding protein 1 (TopBP1), which enhances the growth of tumors, said researchers from Baylor College of Medicine in a report that appears online in the journal Nature Communications.

Contact: Glenna Picton
picton@bcm.edu
713-798-4710
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Neuroscience
TSRI researchers discover new type of neuron that plays key role in nicotine addiction
For decades, scientists thought drug addiction was the result of two systems in the brain -- the reward system, activated when a person used a drug, and the stress system, which kicked in during withdrawal. Now scientists at The Scripps Research Institute have found these two systems are actually linked. Their findings show that in the core of the brain's reward system are specific neurons that are active both with use of and withdrawal from nicotine.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse, NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism, Tobacco-Related Disease Research Program, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive & Kidney Diseases, and others

Contact: Madeline McCurry-Schmidt
madms@scripps.edu
858-784-9254
Scripps Research Institute

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature
Unveiling the effects of an important class of diabetes drugs
Study results shed additional light on how a longstanding class of diabetes drugs, known as thiazolidinediones, work to improve glucose metabolism and suggest that inhibitors of the signaling pathway -- known as the MEK/ERK pathway -- may also hold promise in the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Contact: Jessica Caragher
jcaragher@partners.org
617-525-6373
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Geoscience
Research suggests warmth, flowing water on early Mars were episodic
There is ample evidence that water once flowed on the surface of ancient Mars. But that evidence is difficult to reconcile with the latest generation of climate models that suggest Mars should have been eternally icy. A new study by scientists from Brown University and the Weizmann Institute of Science suggest that warming and water flow on Mars were probably episodic and related to ancient volcanic eruptions.

Contact: Kevin Stacey
kevin_stacey@brown.edu
401-863-3766
Brown University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Overhaul in tropical forest research needed
New work from a team led by Carnegie's Greg Asner shows the limitations of long-used research methods in tropical rainforest ecology and points to new technological approaches for understanding forest structures and systems on large geographic scales.

Contact: David Marvin
dmarvin@carnegiescience.edu
Carnegie Institution

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
JAMA Neurology
Specialized ambulance increases thrombolysis for stroke patients in 'golden hour'
A specialized ambulance staffed with a neurologist and equipped with a computed tomographic scanner helped increase the percentage of patients with stroke who received thrombolysis to break down blood clots within the so-called 'golden hour,' the 60 minutes from time of symptom onset to treatment when treatment may be most effective, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology.

Contact: Martin Ebinger
martin.ebinger@charite.de
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
JAMA Internal Medicine
Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on postconcussion symptoms in military members
A clinical trial testing hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on persistent postconcussion symptoms in US military service members showed no benefits over a sham procedure in an air-filled chamber, but symptoms did improve in both the HBO and sham treatment groups compared with a group of patients who received no supplemental air chamber treatment, according to a report published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Contact: Ellen Crown
jennifer.e.crown.civ@mail.mil
301-619-7549
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Nanotechnology
Researchers create & control spin waves, lifting prospects for enhanced info processing
A team of NYU and University of Barcelona physicists has developed a method to control the movements occurring within magnetic materials, which are used to store and carry information. The breakthrough could simultaneously bolster information processing while reducing the energy necessary to do so.
National Science Foundation, Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
JAMA Pediatrics
Small fraction of students attended schools with USDA nutrition components
If the latest US Department of Agriculture standards for school meals and food sold in other venues such as vending machines and snack bars are fully implemented, there is potential to substantially improve school nutrition because only a small fraction of students attended schools with five USDA healthy nutritional components in place from 2008 through 2012, according to a study published online by JAMA Pediatrics.

Contact: Diane Swanbrow
swanbrow@umich.edu
734-647-4416
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Annals of Internal Medicine
Need to encourage patients to screen for colon cancer? Try a lottery
Convincing patients to do an often dreaded colon cancer screening test could just take a little extra nudge -- like a chance to win $50.
VA Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

Contact: Beata Mostafavi
bmostafa@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Frontiers in Psychology
Magic tricks created using artificial intelligence for the first time
Researchers working on artificial intelligence at Queen Mary University of London have taught a computer to create magic tricks.

Contact: Will Hoyles
w.hoyles@qmul.ac.uk
07-772-512-519
Queen Mary, University of London

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
ecancermedicalscience
The secret life of anti-cancer drugs
The public is bombarded with news of exciting developments in cancer research every day, with new anti-cancer drugs greeted with excitement. In a new review published in ecancermedicalscience, researchers trace the journey anti-cancer drugs take between discovery and clinical practice.

Contact: Katie Foxall
katie@ecancer.org
01-179-420-852
ecancermedicalscience

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Young vessels rejuvenate aged insulin-producing beta cells
A recent study published in the journal PNAS shows that young capillary vessels rejuvenate aged pancreatic islets. The finding challenges prevailing views on the causes of age-dependent impaired glucose balance regulation, a condition that often develops into diabetes type 2. The international research team behind the study now suggests that targeting inflammation and fibrosis in the small blood vessels of the pancreatic islets may offer a new way of treatment for age-dependent dysregulation of blood glucose levels.
Swedish Research Council, Swedish Diabetes Association, Novo Nordisk Foundation, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Family Erling-Persson Foundation and European Research Council, and others

Contact: Press Office
pressinfo@ki.se
46-852-486-077
Karolinska Institutet

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
State-of-the-art integrated imaging system allows mapping of brain cells responsible for memory
Scientists from Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences in Japan have developed an advanced imaging system to identify cells responsible for storing memory within a tiny worm. Their study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, not only offers a new way to identify molecular substrates of memory but may also one day lead to understanding how memory loss occurs in humans.

Contact: Tomoka Aiyama
pr@icems.kyoto-u.ac.jp
075-753-9755
Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences, Kyoto University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Diarrhea and candidiasis associated with common antibiotic amoxicillin
Diarrhea and candidiasis can result from taking the common antibiotic treatments, amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, although harms may be underreported, according to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Centre for Research Excellence in Minimising Antibiotic Resistance in Acute Respiratory Infections

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
kim.barnhardt@cmaj.ca
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Major brain pathway rediscovered after century-old confusion, controversy
Researchers recently rediscovered a mysterious major brain pathway that had long been absent from anatomy textbooks. Their findings are being published Nov. 17 by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation

Contact: Deborah Bach
bach2@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Working the night shift burns less energy and increases risk of weight gain
People who work the night shift are likely burning less energy during a 24-hour period than those on a normal schedule, increasing their risk for weight gain and obesity, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder.

Contact: Kenneth Wright
Kenneth.Wright@colorado.edu
303-735-0807
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The dirty side of soap
Triclosan is an antimicrobial commonly found in soaps, shampoos, toothpastes and many other household items. Despite its widespread use, researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine report potentially serious consequences of long-term exposure to the chemical.
US Public Health Service

Contact: Heather Buschman
hbuschman@ucsd.edu
619-543-6163
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Biotechnology
Ferret genome sequenced, holds clues to respiratory diseases
The draft sequence of the ferret genome provides genetic information important to the study of respiratory disorders. Scientists are now able to examine the network of the animal's genes activated in response to various forms of influenza. Genetic analysis also shows that cystic fibrosis lung damage begins and significantly increases during the first days of life.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Michael McCarthy
leilag@uw.edu
206-543-3620
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Nature Medicine
Potential therapy found for incurable pediatric brain tumor
scientists have discovered a new potential drug therapy for a rare, incurable pediatric brain tumor by targeting a genetic mutation found in children with the cancer. By inhibiting the tumor-forming consequences of the mutation using an experimental drug called GSKJ4, they delayed tumor growth and prolonged survival in mice with pediatric brainstem glioma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Marla Paul
marla-paul@northwestern.edu
312-503-8928
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Nov-2014
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Blood vessel receptor that responds to light may be new target for vascular disease treatments
A team of researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine has discovered a receptor on blood vessels that causes the vessel to relax in response to light, making it potentially useful in treating vascular diseases. In addition, researchers discovered a previously unknown mechanism by which blood vessel function is regulated through light wavelength.

Contact: Lauren Nelson
lnelso35@jhmi.edu
410-955-8725
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Showing releases 476-500 out of 572.

<< < 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 > >>