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Showing releases 51-75 out of 451.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
PLOS Medicine
Diabetes calculator helps identify A&E patients at risk of disease
A new online tool developed by University of Edinburgh researchers will help doctors predict which patients are most likely to develop diabetes.
Chief Scientist Office of the Scottish Government

Contact: Jen Middleton
jen.middleton@ed.ac.uk
44-131-650-6514
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
The Cryosphere
Highs and lows: Height changes in the ice sheets mapped
Researchers from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany have used satellite data to map elevation and elevation changes in both Greenland and Antarctica. The new maps are the most complete published to date, from a single satellite mission. They also show the ice sheets are losing volume at an unprecedented rate of about 500 cubic kilometres per year. The results are published today in The Cryosphere, an open access journal of the European Geosciences Union.
German Ministry of Economics and Technology

Contact: Barbara Ferreira
media@egu.eu
49-892-180-6703
European Geosciences Union

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Yearbook of International Religious Demography
The changing landscape of religion
The mixes of religion and ethnicity in society are changing in Vienna, Europe, and the world. IIASA research provides a demographic perspective.

Contact: Katherine Leitzell
leitzell@iiasa.ac.at
43-223-680-7316
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Missing protein restored in patients with muscular dystrophy
Advances in the treatment of muscular dystrophy: For the first time, a research team has succeeded in restoring a missing repair protein in skeletal muscle of patients with muscular dystrophy. Researchers from the University and the University Hospital of Basel, Department of Biomedicine and Clinic of Neurology, report their recent findings in the scientific journal Science Translational Medicine.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
olivia.poisson@unibas.ch
University of Basel

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Nature Photonics
Seeing a molecule breathe
For the first time, chemists have succeeded in measuring vibrational motion of a single molecule with a femtosecond time resolution. The study reveals how vibration of a single molecule differs from the behavior of larger molecular groups.
The Academy of Finland

Contact: Eero Hulkko
eero.j.hulkko@jyu.fi
358-458-916-796
Academy of Finland

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
International Journal of Web Based Communities
Mums trust mums on the net: Australian study
Facebook groups for mothers are overtaking the traditional mums-and-bubs and playgroup environments as a source of trusted advice, and offers a largely untapped marketing tool for businesses wanting to sell their products, an Australian study has found.

Contact: Sandra Hutchinson
s3.hutchinson@qut.edu.au
61-731-389-449
Queensland University of Technology

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Monthly transfusions reduce strokes in children with sickle cell anemia
Monthly blood transfusions reduce the risk of stroke in young patients with sickle cell anemia, scientists report Aug. 20 in The New England Journal of Medicine.

Contact: Michael C. Purdy
purdym@wustl.edu
314-286-0122
Washington University School of Medicine

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
USENIX Security
Researchers find security flaws in backscatter X-ray scanners
A team of researchers from the University of California, San Diego, the University of Michigan, and Johns Hopkins University have discovered security vulnerabilities in full-body backscatter X-ray scanners deployed to US airports between 2009 and 2013. In laboratory tests, the team was able to conceal firearms and plastic explosive simulants from the Rapiscan Secure 1000 scanner. The team modified the scanner operating software to present an 'all-clear' image to the operator even when contraband was detected.

Contact: Ioana Patringenaru
ipatrin@eng.ucsd.edu
858-822-0899
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Combined drugs and therapy most effective for severe nonchronic depression
The odds that a person who suffers from severe, nonchronic depression will recover are improved by as much as 30 percent if they are treated with a combination of cognitive therapy and antidepressant medicine rather than by antidepressants alone. However, a person with chronic or less severe depression does not receive the same additional benefit from combining the two.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Nature
Unusual discovery leads to fascinating tuberculosis theory
Grade school history lessons often have it that American Indians largely were wiped out by diseases such as whooping cough, chicken pox, influenza and tuberculosis brought to the New World by European explorers.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Bobbie Mixon
bmixon@nsf.gov
703-292-8485
National Science Foundation

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
JAMA
Review of clinical treatment of bronchiolitis in infants reveals over-reliance on one test
An editorial published in this week's JAMA highlights the importance of physicians using all available clinical assessment tools when considering how to treat patients.

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Early bottlenecks in developing biopharmaceutical products delay commercialization
An analysis of patented university inventions licensed to biotechnology firms has revealed early bottlenecks on the path to commercialization. To open these roadblocks, the researchers suggest that better communication of basic research results during the discovery stage could lead to faster commercialization down the road.
Office of Science Policy Analysis, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Brett Israel
brett.israel@comm.gatech.edu
404-385-1933
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
PLOS ONE
How lizards regenerate their tails: researchers discover genetic 'recipe'
By understanding the secret of how lizards regenerate their tails, researchers may be able to develop ways to stimulate the regeneration of limbs in humans. Now, a team of researchers from Arizona State University is one step closer to solving that mystery. The scientists have discovered the genetic 'recipe' for lizard tail regeneration, which may come down to using genetic ingredients in just the right mixture and amounts.
National Institutes of Health, Arizona Biomedical Research Commission

Contact: Sandra Leander
sandra.leander@asu.edu
480-965-9865
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Science Translational Medicine
Severing nerves may shrink stomach cancers: Botox injections slow growth of tumors in mice
Research from Columbia University Medical Center shows that nerves may play a critical role in stomach cancer growth and that blocking nerve signals using surgery or Botox could be an effective treatment for the disease.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lucky Tran
lt2549@cumc.columbia.edu
212-305-3689
Columbia University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Growing up poor affects adults' sense of control, impulsiveness when faced with economic uncertainty
Growing up poor can influence people's sense of control and in turn may lead them to more impulsive decision-making and quickly give up on challenging tasks in uncertain situations, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association.

Contact: Lisa Bowen
lbowen@apa.org
202-336-5707
American Psychological Association

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Nature
New research shows seals and sea lions likely spread tuberculosis to humans
Scientists who study tuberculosis have long debated its origins. New research shows that tuberculosis likely spread from humans in Africa to seals and sea lions that brought the disease to South America and transmitted it to Native people there before Europeans landed on the continent.
National Science Foundation, European Research Council, Smithsonian Institution, Swiss National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Wenner-Gren Foundation, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Julie Newberg
480-727-3116
Arizona State University

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Lancet
The Lancet: Experts question value of common superbug control practices
The jury is still out on the effectiveness of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) superbug control policies in hospitals, according to leading infectious disease experts in a Viewpoint published in The Lancet. In particular, screening and isolating infected patients -- which have long been regarded as the gold standard MRSA prevention strategy and are required by law in some countries -- have poor evidence for their effectiveness, say the authors.

Contact: Gerd Fätkenheuer
g.faetkenheuer@uni-koeln.de
49-221-478-3324
The Lancet

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
JAMA Surgery
Patient perspectives on breast reconstruction following mastectomy
Less than 42 percent of women underwent breast reconstruction following a mastectomy for cancer, and the factors associated with foregoing reconstruction included being black, having a lower education level and being older.

Contact: Emily O'Donnell
odonnele@mskcc.org
212-639-6339
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
JAMA Dermatology
Patient, tumor characteristics for high-mitotic rate melanoma
A study in Australia examined patient and tumor characteristics for melanomas with higher mitotic rates (a marker of tumor cell growth) in an effort to increase earlier detection of this aggressive cancer in patients.

Contact: Sarah Shen
sshenwq@gmail.com
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
JAMA Psychiatry
Therapy plus antidepressants help patients with severe, nonchronic depression
Patients with severe, nonchronic depression had better rates of recovery if they were treated with cognitive therapy combined with antidepressant medication compared to ADMs alone.

Contact: David Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-6397
The JAMA Network Journals

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Postgraduate Medical Journal
Early to mid-life obesity linked to heightened risk of dementia in later life
Obesity is linked to a heightened risk of dementia in later life, reveals an observational study published online in Postgraduate Medical Journal.

Contact: Caroline White
cwhite@bmj.com
44-079-808-00465
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
Journal of Medical Ethics
'Suicide tourism' to Switzerland has doubled within 4 years
The numbers of 'suicide tourists' going to Switzerland to take their own lives has doubled within the space of four years, reports a study published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Contact: Caroline White
cwhite@bmj.com
44-079-808-00465
BMJ-British Medical Journal

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
New gene technique identifies previously hidden causes of brain malformation
Howard Hughes Medical Institute scientists have developed a strategy for finding disease-causing mutations that lurk in only a small fraction of the body's cells. Such mutations can cause significant problems, but cannot be detected with traditional methods of genetic testing, as well as newer, more costly genome sequencing technologies.

Contact: Jim Keeley
keeleyj@hhmi.org
301-215-8858
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
Regular blood transfusions can reduce repeat strokes in children with sickle cell disease
Vanderbilt-led research, as part of an international, multicenter trial, found regular blood transfusion therapy significantly reduces the recurrence of silent strokes and strokes in children with sickle cell anemia who have had pre-existing silent strokes, according to study results released today in the New England Journal of Medicine.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Ashley Culver
ashley.culver@vanderbilt.edu
615-322-4747
Vanderbilt University Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Aug-2014
New England Journal of Medicine
'Deep sequencing' picks up hidden causes of brain disorders
A study from Boston Children's Hospital used a 'deep sequencing' technique and was able to identify subtle somatic mutations -- those affecting just a percentage of cells -- in patients with brain disorders.
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, University of Washington, Manton Center for Orphan Disease Research, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Science

Contact: Keri Stedman
keri.stedman@childrens.harvard.edu
617-919-3110
Boston Children's Hospital

Showing releases 51-75 out of 451.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>