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Showing releases 51-75 out of 342.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
ESC Congress 2014
Family history of cardiovascular disease is not enough to motivate people to follow healthy lifestyle
New research presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Barcelona shows that having a family history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is not enough to motivate people to follow healthy lifestyles.
Heart Age

Contact: Rachael Rees

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
University of Houston researcher looks at the future of higher education
Most forecasts about the future of higher education have focused on how the institutions themselves will be affected -- including the possibility of less demand for classes on campus and fewer tenured faculty members as people take courses online. When researchers at the University of Houston tackled the issue, they focused instead on what students will need in the future, including improved mentoring, personalized learning and feedback in real time.
Lumina Foundation

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Patient Safety in Surgery
More than one-third of booked operations are re-booked
More than one-third of all planned orthopedic surgery procedures are re-booked, postponed or cancelled completely. The most common reasons are cancellation at the patient's own request or emergency cases having to be prioritized. These are the findings of a study carried out by the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden in association with Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Contact: Krister Svahn
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Hospital Administration
Can data motivate hospital leaders to improve care transitions?
New study in the Aug. 26 issue of the Journal of Hospital Administration shows that implementing guidelines can improve hospitals' communication during patient care transitions.
Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Contact: George Stamatis
University Hospitals Case Medical Center

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Lancet Respiratory Medicine
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: Household air pollution puts more than 1 in 3 people worldwide at risk of ill health and early death
Household air pollution, caused by the use of plant-based or coal fuel for cooking, heating, and lighting, is putting nearly three billion people worldwide at risk of ill health and early death, according to a new Commission, published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journal.

Contact: Stephen Gordon
The Lancet

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Dissertations and Features
Protein may provide the key to arresting development of diabetes
The STK25 protein contributes to cell growth. Researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy have discovered that the protein also affects metabolism, demonstrating that elevated levels accelerate the progress of diabetes in mice.

Contact: Krister Svahn
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
International Journal of Palliative Nursing
Many nurses unprepared to meet dying patients
Most nurses in their work care for patients who are dying. A study of more than 200 students has shown that many nurses in training feel unprepared and anxious when faced with the prospect of meeting patients during end-of-life care.

Contact: Krister Svahn
University of Gothenburg

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Over-the-counter pain reliever may restore immune function in old age
New research involving mice suggests that the key to more youthful immune function might already be in your medicine cabinet. In a report published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology scientists show that macrophages from the lungs of old mice had different responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis than macrophages from young mice, but these changes were reversed by ibuprofen.

Contact: Cody Mooneyhan
Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Environment International
Clean air halves health costs in Chinese city
Air pollution regulations over the last decade in Taiyuan, China, have substantially improved the health of people living there, accounting for a greater than 50 percent reduction in costs associated with loss of life and disability between 2001 and 2010, according to researchers at the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health at the Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues in China.
Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Schmidt Foundation, China National Sciences Foundation, Shanxi Medical University

Contact: Timothy Paul
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
The Disappearing Spoon author Sam Kean takes on the megalodon myth
Best-selling author Sam Kean stops by Reactions this week to debunk the myth of the megalodon, the 50-foot super shark that, despite what 'Shark Week' may lead you to believe, is long-extinct. Kean's book, 'The Disappearing Spoon,' is getting the Reactions treatment in a 10-episode video series. The series is a collaboration with the newly launched American Association of Chemistry Teachers.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Psychological Science
Rediscovering our mundane moments brings us unexpected pleasure
We like to document the exciting and momentous occasions in our lives, but new research suggests there is value in capturing our more mundane, everyday experiences, which can bring us unexpected joy in the future. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

Contact: Anna Mikulak
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Family conflicts, other non-physical worries before cancer surgery raise patients' complication risk
How well patients recover from cancer surgery may be influenced by more than their medical conditions and the operations themselves. Family conflicts and other non-medical problems may raise their risk of surgical complications, a Mayo Clinic study has found.
NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Sharon Theimer
Mayo Clinic

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Nano Letters
Nano-forests to reveal secrets of cells
Vertical nanowires could be used for detailed studies of what happens on the surface of cells. The findings are important for pharmaceuticals research, among other applications. A group of researchers from Lund University in Sweden have managed to make artificial cell membranes form across a large number of vertical nanowires, known as a 'nano-forest'.

Contact: Aleksandra Dabkowska
Lund University

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Nature Neuroscience
Scientists find possible neurobiological basis for tradeoff between honesty, self-interest
A team of scientists from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and the University of California at Berkeley used advanced imaging techniques to study how the brain makes choices about honesty.

Contact: Paula Brewer Byron
Virginia Tech

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
War between bacteria and phages benefits humans
In our battle with cholera bacteria, we may have an unknown ally in bacteria-killing viruses known as phages. Researchers from Tufts University and elsewhere report that phages can force cholera bacteria, even during active infection in humans, to give up their virulence in order to survive.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Canada Reserach Chairs, Charles A. King Trust Postdoctoral Research Fellows

Contact: Siobhan Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
Migrating birds sprint in spring, but take things easy in autumn
Passerine birds, also known as perching birds, that migrate by night tend to fly faster in spring than they do in autumn to reach their destinations. This seasonal difference in flight speed is especially noticeable among birds that only make short migratory flights, says researcher Cecilia Nilsson of Lund University in Sweden, in Springer's journal Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Future solar panels
Conventional photovoltaic technology uses large, heavy, opaque, dark silicon panels, but this could soon change. The IK4-Ikerlan research center is working within the X10D European project with new materials to produce solar panels in order to come up with alternatives to the current panels. What is needed to improve the functioning of cells with a large surface are materials that cost less to produce and offer greater energy efficiency.

Contact: Matxalen Sotillo
University of the Basque Country

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Risk of diabetes in children and adolescents exposed to antipsychotics
A study published in the Sept. 2014 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that children and adolescents diagnosed with a psychiatric diagnosis had an increased risk of developing diabetes if they were exposed to antipsychotics.

Contact: Mary Billingsley

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Food and Function
Study conducted on rats suggests that hyperproteic diets can be beneficial for bones
Researchers at the University of Granada have found, through an experiment conducted on rats, that hyperproteic diets could be beneficial for bones, which would be of great use for groups with bone disease problems, such as the elderly or post-menopausal women.

Contact: Virginia A. Aparicio Garcia Molina
University of Granada

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Proceedings of the Royal Society B
Economic success drives language extinction
Thriving economies are the biggest factor in the disappearance of minority languages and conservation should focus on the most developed countries where languages are vanishing the fastest, finds a new study.

Contact: Fred Lewsey
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Chinese Science Bulletin
Are human breast milk microbiome 'neutral'?
Human breast milk provides the best source of nutrients for infants and should have played a critical role for human evolution and civilization. It contains hundreds of bacteria forming the breast milk microbiome or microbiota; most of them are beneficial, but some opportunistic pathogens also exist in breast milk. Guan & Ma's (2014) [Chinese Science Bulletin, No. 22] recent ecological analysis is aimed at understanding the mechanisms of bacteria diversity maintenance, species co-existences and distributions.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, Top Scientists & Technologists Program of Yunnan Province

Contact: Zhanshan Ma
Science China Press

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Early Human Development
Mechanical ventilation a key indicator for pre-term children's math problems
A new study, led by researchers at the University of Warwick in the UK and the Ruhr-University Bochum in Germany, and just published in the Journal Early Human Development, has found that both the length of time spent in hospital after birth and the use of mechanical ventilation are key indicators of reduced mathematical ability in preterm children.

Contact: Tom Frew
University of Warwick

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Molecular Systems Biology
Throwing a loop to silence gene expression
Cells attach so-called 'epigenetic' signals to their genome to select which part of their genetic information is used. Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center have now systematically investigated the interplay between components of an epigenetic network and developed a mathematical model that describes how it operates. The results can be used to predict how cellular gene expression programs respond to drug treatment or other perturbations of the cellular environment.
German Federal Ministry of Education and Research

Contact: Dr. Sibylle Kohlstädt
German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ)

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Chemical Geology
Scientists obtain new data on the weather 10,000 years ago from sediments of a lake in Sierra Nevada
Scientists have found evidence of atmospheric dust from the Sahara in the depths of the Rio Seco lake, 3,020 meters above sea level, accumulated over the last 11,000 years.

Contact: Antonio García-Alix Daroca
University of Granada

Public Release: 2-Sep-2014
Obesity Reviews
Childhood trauma could lead to adult obesity
Being subjected to abuse during childhood entails a markedly increased risk of developing obesity as an adult. This is the conclusion of a meta-analysis carried out on previous studies, which included a total of 112,000 participants. The analysis was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, and has been published in the journal Obesity Reviews.
Stockholm County Council, Karolinska Institutet

Contact: Press Office
Karolinska Institutet

Showing releases 51-75 out of 342.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>