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Showing releases 76-100 out of 457.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Fukushima accident underscores need for US to seek out new information about nuclear plant hazards
A new congressionally mandated report from the National Academy of Sciences concludes that the overarching lesson learned from the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident is that nuclear plant licensees and their regulators must actively seek out and act on new information about hazards with the potential to affect the safety of nuclear plants.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Contact: Jennifer Walsh
news@nas.edu
202-334-2138
National Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Psychological Science
Cultural stereotypes may evolve from sharing social information
Cultural stereotypes may be an unintended but inevitable consequence of sharing social information, according to research published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. Information about people that is initially complex and difficult to remember evolves into a simple system of category stereotypes that can be learned easily as it is shared from person to person.
Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Fires in Central Africa during July 2014
Hundreds of fires covered central Africa in mid-July 2014, as the annual fire season continues across the region.
NASA

Contact: Rob Gutro
robert.j.gutro@nasa.gov
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Pediatric Urology
Continuous antibiotics not necessary for many children with common prenatal abnormality
Up to 5 percent of all prenatal ultrasounds uncover antenatal hydronephrosis, or enlarged kidneys, the most commonly detected prenatal abnormality in the US. Many children with this abnormality are treated continually with preventive antibiotics for the first few years of life with the hopes of preventing the condition's associated urinary tract infections. But a new study found that, in most cases, continuous antibiotics for these children are unnecessary.

Contact: Gina Bericchia
MediaRelations@NationwideChildrens.org
614-355-0495
Nationwide Children's Hospital

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Environmental Pollution
Corn and soy insecticides similar to nicotine found widespread in Midwest rivers -- USGS news
Insecticides similar to nicotine, known as neonicotinoids, were found commonly in streams throughout the Midwest, according to a new USGS study. This is the first broad-scale investigation of neonicotinoid insecticides in the Midwestern United States and one of the first conducted within the United States.
US Geological Survey Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

Contact: Alex Demas
apdemas@usgs.gov
703-648-4421
United States Geological Survey

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
American Journal of Roentgenology
New radiological signs of gastric lap band slippage identified
Researchers in Ohio and Rhode Island have identified two previously undescribed radiological signs of potentially life-threatening slippage of laparoscopically adjustable gastric bands.

Contact: Lissa D. Hurwitz
lhurwitz@arrs.org
703-858-4332
American Roentgen Ray Society

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
ZooKeys
A tiny new species of frog from Brazil with a heroic name
Molecular analysis helps scientists discover and describe a tiny new species of narrow-mouthed frog from the genus Chiasmocleis. The news species, Chiasmocleis quilombola is named after the quilombos -- communities constituted by and used as refuges for slaves who had the brevity to escape in colonial Brazil. The study was published in the open-access journal ZooKeys.

Contact: João F. R. Tonini
jfrtonini@gmail.com
Pensoft Publishers

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Teens pay high psychiatric toll when raised in conditions of political conflict
A new study by Professor Michelle Slone of Tel Aviv University finds that Israeli youths exposed to protracted conflict suffer far higher levels of anxiety, phobia, fear, depression, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and paranoia than their counterparts in the US. The largest cross-sectional empirical study of its kind, the research assessed youths exposed to terrorism, missile attacks, war, forced residential relocations, and military operations.

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Oncotarget
Metastatic brain tumor treatment could be on the horizon with use of SapC-DOPS
A Cincinnati Cancer Center study, published in the advance online edition of the journal Oncotarget, provides hope that previously studied SapC-DOPS could be used for treatment of brain cancer that has spread.
UC Brain Tumor Molecular Therapeutics Program, UC College of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, New Drug State Key Project

Contact: Katie Pence
katie.pence@uc.edu
513-558-4561
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Cell Reports
Identified a key molecule in flies that adjusts energy use under starvation conditions
In the study, published today in Cell Reports, the IRB Barcelona scientists show that in the fly Drosophila melanogaster, p53 is activated in certain cells to adapt the metabolic response to nutrient deprivation, thus having a global effect on the organism.

Contact: Sonia Armengou
armengou@irbbarcelona.org
34-934-037-255
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics
Background TV can be bad for kids
Leaving the television on can be detrimental to children's learning and development, according to a new study from the University of Iowa. Researchers found that background television can divert a child's attention from play and learning. Results appear in the Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics.
Department of Education, Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Public Broadcasting System for the Ready to Learn Initiative

Contact: Richard Lewis
richard-c-lewis@uiowa.edu
319-384-0012
University of Iowa

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Chest
CDC reports annual financial cost of COPD to be $36 billion in the United States
American College of Chest Physicians announced today the online first publication of 'Total and state-specific medical and absenteeism costs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among adults aged ≥18 years in the United States for 2010 and projections through 2020.'

Contact: Kristi Bruno
kbruno@chestnet.org
773-750-9962
American College of Chest Physicians

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Cell Reports
A world first: Researchers identify a treatment that prevents tumor metastasis
Metastasis, the strategy adopted by tumor cells to transform into an aggressive form of cancer, are often associated with a gloomy prognosis. Managing to block the metastasis or to prevent their formation would be a giant step towards the fight against cancer. Researchers at Université catholique de Louvain in Belgium successfully performed this world first on models of human tumors in mice. The results of their study were published in the prestigious journal Cell Reports.
European Research Council Starting Grant, Fond de la Recherche Scientifique, Fondation Contre le Cancer

Contact: Prof. Pierre Sonveaux
pierre.sonveaux@uclouvain.be
32-495-251-739
Université catholique de Louvain

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Nature Communications
University of Delaware researcher describes new approach for creating organic zeolites
In a landmark paper published in the international scientific journal Nature Communications, University of Delaware researcher Yushan Yan describes a new approach to creating organic zeolites.

Contact: Donna O'Brien
dobrien@udel.edu
University of Delaware

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
European Physical Journal B
Unleashing the power of quantum dot triplets
Quantum computers have yet to materialize. Yet, scientists are making progress in devising suitable means of making such computers faster. One such approach relies on quantum dots -- a kind of artificial atom, easily controlled by applying an electric field. A new study published in European Physical Journal B demonstrates that changing the coupling of three coherently coupled quantum dots with electrical impulses can help better control them.

Contact: Laura Zimmermann
laura.zimmermann@springer.com
49-622-148-78414
Springer

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Addiction
Warning: Birthdays can be bad for your health
New research has found that birthday-related drinking is associated with upsurges in hospital admissions among young people. This study of drinking behavior in Ontario, Canada, was published online in the scientific journal Addiction.

Contact: Nicole Weingartner
sciencenewsroom@wiley.com
201-748-5808
Wiley

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Immunity
Experiments prove 'stemness' of individual immune memory cells
Researchers in Germany and the US have proven for the first time that specific individual immune cells, termed 'central memory T cells,' have all the essential characteristics of adult tissue stem cells. Such cells can perpetuate themselves indefinitely and generate diverse offspring that can reconstitute 'tissue' function. These findings indicate that it should be possible to fully restore specific immunity to pathogens in immunocompromised patients by substitution of small numbers of these T cells.
German Research Foundation, Helmholtz Alliance on Immunotherapy of Cancer, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, National Science Foundation

Contact: Vera Siegler
vera.siegler@tum.de
49-892-892-2731
Technische Universitaet Muenchen

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Chemist develops X-ray vision for quality assurance
A Technical University of Denmark researcher has developed a method that uses X-rays for the rapid identification of substances present in an indeterminate powder. The new technique has the capacity to recognize advanced biological molecules such as proteins. The method therefore has enormous potential in both food production and the pharmaceutical industry, where it opens up new opportunities for the quality assurance of protein-based medicines, for example.

Contact: Christian Grundahl Frankaer
cghar@kemi.dtu.dk
45-45-25-24-69
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
New methods of detecting Salmonella in pork meat processing
Infections caused by food-borne microorganisms are an increasing public health burden. In a Ph.D. project at the National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark, new methods of characterizing and detecting foodborne illness-causing Salmonella in pork meat processing and in bacteria in water, feed and food samples were studied.

Contact: Jeffrey Hoorfar
jhoo@food.dtu.dk
45-35-88-73-79
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Four-billion-year-old chemistry in cells today
Parts of the primordial soup in which life arose have been maintained in our cells today according to scientists at the University of East Anglia. Research published today in the Journal of Biological Chemistry reveals how cells in plants, yeast and very likely also in animals still perform ancient reactions thought to have been responsible for the origin of life -- some four billion years ago.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Lisa Horton
l.horton@uea.ac.uk
44-016-035-92764
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
New research: When it hurts to think we were made for each other
Psychologists observe that people talk and think about love in limitless ways but underlying such diversity are some common themes that frame how we think about relationships. For example, one popular frame considers love as perfect unity; in another frame, love is a journey. These two ways of thinking about relationships are particularly interesting because, according to a new study, they have the power to highlight or downplay the damaging effect of conflicts on relationship evaluation.
Drs. Richard Charles and Esther Yewpick Lee Charitable Foundation

Contact: Ken McGuffin
mcguffin@rotman.utoronto.ca
416-946-3818
University of Toronto, Rotman School of Management

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
BMJ Open
Seeing the same GP at every visit will reduce emergency department attendance
Attendances at emergency departments can be reduced by enabling patients to see the same GP every time they visit their doctor's surgery. This is just one of several recommendations made in a report published today, led by researchers at the University of Bristol.
National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research

Contact: Philippa Walker
philippa.walker@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-8086
University of Bristol

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Noise pollution impacts fish species differently
Acoustic disturbance has different effects on different species of fish, according to a new study from the universities of Bristol and Exeter which tested fish anti-predator behavior.

Contact: Philippa Walker
press-office@bristol.ac.uk
44-117-928-7777
University of Bristol

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
PLOS ONE
Western Indian Ocean communities play vital role in conservation
An international team of researchers led by the University of York has carried out the first assessment of community-led marine conservation in the Western Indian Ocean. The results, reported in the journal PLOS ONE, point to a revolution in the management of marine protected areas, with almost half of the sites -- more than 11,000 square km -- in the region now under local community stewardship.
Natural Environment Research Council, Economic and Social Research Council, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

Contact: David Garner
david.garner@york.ac.uk
44-019-043-22153
University of York

Public Release: 24-Jul-2014
International Journal of Low Radiation
Natural products from plants protect skin during cancer radiotherapy
Plant-derived natural product chemicals could offer protection to the skin from the harmful effects of gamma radiation during cancer radiotherapy, suggests research published in the International Journal of Low Radiation.

Contact: Albert Ang
press@inderscience.com
Inderscience Publishers

Showing releases 76-100 out of 457.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 > >>