The average American drinks more than three cups of coffee a day, contributing to a $40 billion industry in the US alone, according to the National Coffee Association. But not all coffee is created equal; flavor profiles vary. Focusing on espresso, scientists say they have now unlocked the key to creating consistent cups of java. The researchers are presenting their results today at the 255th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.
It's likely not the first thing you think of when you see elephant or cow dung, but this material turns out to be an excellent source of cellulose for paper manufacturing. Upcycling manure into paper products could be a cheap and environmentally sound method to get rid of this pervasive agricultural waste. The researchers will present their results today at the 255th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.
For years, scientists have been inspired by nature to innovate solutions to tricky problems, even oil spills -- manmade disasters with devastating environmental and economic consequences. A new USC study takes a cue from leaf structure to fabricate material that can separate oil and water, which could lead to safer and more efficient oil spill clean-up methods.
Beginning in 2013, a mysterious disease crippled sea star populations up and down the U.S. west coast. Over a matter of months, many sea star species died in record-breaking numbers, though the ochre sea star was among the hardest hit. Now, researchers at UC Santa Cruz have analyzed just how much the populations of this species have declined, but they have not yet determined what factors might be contributing to the epidemic.
New research led by IIASA researcher Narasimha Rao has shown how it might be possible to reduce micronutrient deficiencies in India in an affordable way whilst also reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Diving down below the range of scuba in the Curasub, Smithsonian deep reef explorers discovered a new world where roughly half of the fish had no names. They are calling it the rariphotic.
A comprehensive study on the rhythmicity of limpets -- mobile intertidal molluscs -- employing field and laboratory observations, as well assembling a clock oriented transcriptome -- shows that in the same way that these animals behave with a tidal rhythm, so too are a majority of their genes expressed in a tidal (and not circadian) rhythm, including some genes which were thought to play an important role in circadian clocks/timing.
'Mosquitoes are not just a nuisance, but also a health threat,' said Virginia Tech's Mark Stremler, a study co-author. 'The more we can understand about their robustness and how they survive, the better chance we have of figuring out ways to control them.'
On any given day, 20 percent of Americans account for nearly half of US diet-related greenhouse gas emissions, and high levels of beef consumption are largely responsible, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Michigan and Tulane University.
Stainless steel is the gold standard for kitchen appliances and cookware, but bacteria can grow on these surfaces, contaminating food. Current coatings available on the market are pricey and potentially harmful, so scientists have now developed an affordable specialized polymer coating for such surfaces that they can recharge with bleach treatments. The researchers are presenting their results today at the 255th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.