Study found more than half of older adults with end-stage kidney disease died within a year of starting dialysis. Nearly one in four older dialysis patients (23%) succumbed to the disease within a month of starting treatment. Analysis reveals markedly higher death rates than previous reports of dialysis outcomes among older patients. Findings can help patients and clinicians make better-informed decisions to determine optimal course of treatment.
A research team at Massachusetts Eye and Ear has shown that microglia, the immune cells of the central nervous system -- including the retina -- serve as 'gatekeepers' of neuroinflammation. Uveitis is one of the leading causes of blindness. In the study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), researchers describe for the first time a role for microglia in directing the initiation of autoimmune uveitis by orchestrating the inflammatory response within the retina.
Diabetes has reached epidemic proportions in Asia and has dramatically increased the risk of premature death, especially among women and middle-aged people, a multinational study led by Vanderbilt University researchers has found.
The promise and challenges of liquid biopsy, an emerging, noninvasive method for targeted disease diagnosis and detection of cancer biomarkers to enable improved and personalized therapy, is the focus of a new special issue of Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert Inc. publishers.
A study by MassGeneral Hospital for Children researchers finds that parents who use both traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes may be more receptive to smoking cessation interventions than parents who only smoke traditional cigarettes.
If you've ever spent some time in the Caribbean, you might have noticed that humans are not the only organisms soaking up the sun. Anoles -- diminutive little tree lizards -- spend much of their day shuttling in and out of shade. But, according to a new study in Evolution led by assistant professor Martha Muñoz at Virginia Tech and Jhan Salazar at Universidad Icesi, this behavioral 'thermoregulation' isn't just affecting their body temperature. Surprisingly, it's also slowing their evolution.
Nursing, medical, and dental students can work as a team to improve their knowledge of pediatric oral health -- and how to work with their fellow health professionals, finds new research led by NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing. The study appears in the Journal of Dental Education.
Psychiatrists often disregard their patients' smoking even though tobacco use accounts for 50% of deaths among people with mental illness, a Rutgers-led study finds.
A gene called gasdermin E, which is downregulated in many cancers, aids cells in dying in an unexpected way, and may also suppress tumor growth.
Almost 70% of babies who died from sleep-related suffocation between 2011 and 2014 did so because of soft bedding, a new study reveals. The finding underscores physicians' urgent message to new parents that babies should sleep only in cribs or bassinets free of blankets, toys and other potential hazards.