A new study conducted by the Center for Injury Research and Policy and the Central Ohio Poison Center at Nationwide Children's Hospital found that there were more than 1,800 calls to US Poison Control Centers regarding exposures to kratom from January 2011 through December 2017.
Brief summaries of embargoed studies that to publish in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, including preventing unnecessary urine tests and treatment, surgical site infections come from patients' microbiome, and nurses role in antibiotic stewardship.
A pair of Affordable Care Act clauses had a sizable effect on the ability of people with diabetes to get health insurance, a new study suggests. Before the requirements took effect, the percentage of people with private health insurance who had diabetes had declined, but it began to increase again after the ACA required insurers to accept people with pre-existing conditions, and limited their ability to charge higher rates to older people.
Laboratory model breaks laws of heredity, opening up new research possibilities in genetics and synthetic biology.
How do fruit flies grow their wings? Rutgers scientists discovered a surprising answer that could one day help diagnose and treat human genetic diseases. Even when scientists manipulate cells to change how they divide, the shape of a fruit fly's wing remains the same. The discovery changes the scientific understanding of how organs form, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick study in Current Biology.
New research finds that some yeast picked up a whole suite of genes from bacteria that gave them the new ability to scavenge iron from their environment. It's one of the clearest examples yet of the transfer of genes from one branch on the tree of life to another.
A set of interventions designed to improve care for patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) was associated with reductions in length of hospital stay, shorter duration of AKI episodes, and an increase in AKI incidence that likely reflected improved recognition. The intervention also led to improvements in several metrics related to AKI care, including AKI recognition, medication optimization, and fluid assessment by clinicians.
Inspired by the refined electrochemistry of electric car batteries, scientists have developed a battery-like system that allows them to make potential advancements for the manufacturing of medicines. Their new method avoids safety risks associated with a type of chemical reaction known as dissolving metal reduction. Their method would offer significant advantages over current methods of chemical manufacturing, but until now, has largely been sidelined due to safety considerations.
Much of the public health impact of syphilis revolves around its impact on fetuses and neonates through the mother-to-child transmission of the disease. Researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have now analyzed temporal and demographic patterns in gestational syphilis (GS) and mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of syphilis.
According to a new study published Feb. 21 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, led by Dr. William Ho and Denis Headon of the University of Edinburgh, and collaborative colleagues, the precise patterning of bird feathers relies on signaling through ectodysplasin (EDA) and its receptor EDAR -- the same signaling pathway known to be crucial for the formation of hair follicles, teeth and scales in fish, lizards and mammals.