Vaccine acceptance is a crucial public health issue, which has been exacerbated by the use of social media to spread content expressing vaccine hesitancy. Studies have shown that social media can provide new information regarding the dynamics of vaccine communication online, potentially affecting real-world vaccine behaviors. A team of United States-based researchers observed an example of this in 2018 related to the Changchun Changsheng Biotechnology vaccine incident in China.
researchers have revealed new details about how joint inflammation evolves in rheumatoid arthritis, and the cells that prolong the inflammatory attack. The team pinpointed an unexpected source of the inflammatory protein GM-CSF in rheumatoid arthritis, and explained how GM-CSF signals to prolong joint inflammation. These discoveries could indicate potential new therapeutic targets for reducing joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis, and could potentially reduce inflammation in other autoimmune disease such as multiple sclerosis.
A drug used to treat type 2 diabetes could offer a simple and cheap solution to reduce dangerous side effects of steroid treatment, new research from Queen Mary University of London suggests.
Adults do not need tetanus or diphtheria booster shots if they've already completed their childhood vaccination series against these rare, but debilitating diseases, research published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases indicates. The study found no significant difference in disease rates between countries that require adults to receive tetanus and diphtheria booster shots and those that don't.
Allergists in the study said thoughtful and balanced communication and having credible information to share with your child go a long way toward helping your child with fears about their food allergy.
Researchers at the University of Southampton have identified how new checkpoint inhibitor treatments for cancer can activate tuberculosis in some patients.
Antibodies can be a blessing or a curse to the brain -- it all depends on their concentration.
For the first time, researchers from the Department of Engineering and the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Aarhus University have described the structure of an IgE antibody responsible for allergic reactions. Moreover, the researchers could also describe the mode of action of an anti-allergy therapeutic antibody. These results represent a breakthrough in our understanding of antibodies and could have a major impact on development of new medicine in years to come.
The average length of stay for patients with COPD at the hospital with ICCs was 3.37 days, compared to 5.55 days in the hospital without them. Additionally, in the hospital with daily ICCs, patients aged 40 to 69 years old had a 67% shorter admission, and patients aged 70 to 99 years or older had a 36% shorter length of stay compared with patients at the hospital without those meetings.
Interacting contagious diseases like influenza and pneumonia--and perhaps coronavirus too -- follow the same complex spreading patterns as social trends, like the adoption of new slang or technologies. This new finding, published in Nature Physics, could lead to better tracking and intervention when multiple diseases spread through a population at the same time.