Massachusetts General Hospital investigators find evidence that it is the ratio of omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, rather than the total amount, that influences risk of chronic disease.
A research team led by Tufts University engineers has developed a 3D-printed pill that samples bacteria found in the gut -- known as the microbiome -- as it passes through the gastrointestinal tract (GI). The ability to profile bacterial species throughout the GI tract could have important implications for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and conditions that are affected by the microbiome.
A pair of researchers in Caltech's Division of Engineering and Applied Science are working on an entirely new form of treatment --microrobots that can deliver drugs to specific spots inside the body while being monitored and controlled from outside the body.
A study of over 1,000 healthy women with no urinary tract infection symptoms showed nearly 9% carried multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli strains in their guts. Additional findings highlight likely reasons behind the pandemic of resistant E. coli strains. They show the value of checking a patients' carrier-status to predict resistant infections, and the need to re-think the clinical significance of bacteria in the urine without symptoms, because pandemic strains can be highly pathogenic to the urinary system and treatment resistant.
A UCLA-led research team has found that giving mice antibiotics for 10 days prior to a liver transplant leads to better liver function after the surgery. They they found data from previously transplanted patients finding that it works in humans. It's all linked to the gut microbiome.
People who follow the paleo diet have twice the amount of a key blood biomarker linked closely to heart disease, the world's first major study examining the impact of the diet on gut bacteria has found.
A study that looked at data on more than 900,000 VA patients showed that elevated blood glucose levels detected in routine outpatient tests, though well below diagnostic thresholds, predicted diabetes within 5 years.
Patients who underwent cold snare polypectomy for small polyps while continuing to take anticoagulants did not experience increased incidence of severe bleeding compared with those who underwent hot snare polypectomy with heparin bridging. Findings from a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.
Scientists from NTU Singapore have developed a type of molecular renal probe that 'lights up' upon detecting the molecular changes caused by the onset of acute kidney failure. These probes could potentially be used in test strips for urine samples, making it a non-invasive method of detecting acute kidney failure.
Nearly 10 years ago, a group of Israeli clinical researchers emailed Berkeley Lab geneticist Len Pennacchio to ask for his team's help in solving the mystery of a rare inherited disease that caused extreme, and sometimes fatal, chronic diarrhea in children. Now, following an arduous investigative odyssey that expanded our understanding of regulatory sequences in the human genome, the multinational scientific group has announced the discovery of the genetic explanation for this disease.