Nearly 10 years ago, a group of Israeli clinical researchers emailed Berkeley Lab geneticist Len Pennacchio to ask for his team's help in solving the mystery of a rare inherited disease that caused extreme, and sometimes fatal, chronic diarrhea in children. Now, following an arduous investigative odyssey that expanded our understanding of regulatory sequences in the human genome, the multinational scientific group has announced the discovery of the genetic explanation for this disease.
Extremely premature infants who fail to grow as expected have delayed development of their microbiome, or communities of bacteria and other micro-organisms living in the gut, according to a new study published in Scientific Reports.
Atypical eating behaviors may be a sign a child should be screened for autism, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers who found that atypical eating behaviors were present in 70% of children with autism, which is 15 times more common than in neurotypical children.
In a meta-analysis of real-life experiments drawn from food science, nutrition, health economics, marketing and psychology, the authors find that behavioral nudges -- facilitating action rather than providing knowledge or inducing feelings -- can reduce daily energy intake by up to 209 kcal, the same number of calories as in 21 cubes of sugar.
A new study soon to be available in the Journal of Public Health, published by Oxford University Press, suggests that participating in local food projects may have a positive effect on psychological health. This paper is embargoed until midnight EST on July 9. This email includes a URL of the paper exclusively for the media. Please find the press release below.
UC Riverside scientists have decoded the genome of black-eyed peas, offering hope for feeding Earth's expanding population, especially as the climate changes. Understanding the genes responsible for the peas' drought and heat tolerance eventually could help make other crops tougher too.
Using the 'elevated plus maze' test with mice, Japanese researchers have shown that Matcha green tea can reduce anxiety. Their experiments revealed that Matcha's anxiolytic effects are due to the activation of dopamine D1 receptors and serotonin 5-HT1A receptors. The researchers suggest that adding a little Matcha tea to your diet may improve your health.
Do the nutritional supplements people take or the diets they adhere to actually protect them against cardiovascular problems and death? Maybe not, suggests a new umbrella review of meta-analyses and randomized controlled trials by Safi Khan, an assistant professor in the West Virginia University School of Medicine.
Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina discovered a way to improve immune-based treatments by modulating T-cells. The advancement can help increase anti-tumor efficiency of T-cell therapy and protect patients from graft-versus-host disease resulting from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis states that the nutritional environment in early life makes people susceptible to lifestyle-related diseases, such as obesity, diabetes and heart attack, as adults. Many of those diseases exhibit reduced mitochondrial metabolism in the tissues of the body. Now, researchers in Japan reveal that two metabolic pathways involved in energy metabolism may play a role in the DOHaD hypothesis.