The first study dedicated to sisu looks at more than 1,000 responses on what the concept means -- as well as whether it is inherently a good thing. One of the most prominent aspects apparent in the data: extraordinary perseverance, in other words, an individual's ability to surpass preconceived limitations, either mentally or physically, by accessing stored-up energy reserves.
Does [a:] as in baa sound more green or more red? And is [i:] as in beet light or dark in color? Even though we perceive speech and color are perceived with different sensory organs, nearly everyone has an idea about what colors and vowels fit with each other. And a large number of us have a particular system for doing so. This is shown in research by linguists from Radboud University and the University of Edinburgh.
Whether you bend a rod or bend the rules, the brain processes the word 'bend' similarly, with the sensory motor region playing a key role, according to new research by University of Arizona assistant professor of psychology Vicky Lai.
A research team from Dartmouth College analyzed advanced care planning (ACP) billing at a national physician practice and found that despite incentives, the rate of ACP-billed conversations was low and varied greatly among physicians and practice sites.
Academic experts in natural language processing from Lancaster University who are interested in deception have compared the language used within written April Fools hoaxes and fake news stories. They have discovered that there are similarities in the written structure of humorous April Fools hoaxes -- the spoof articles published by media outlets every April 1 -- and malicious fake news stories.
Learning one's native language may seem effortless. But new research from UC Berkeley suggests that language acquisition between birth and 18 is a remarkable feat of cognition, rather than something humans are just hardwired to do.
New research by University of Alberta scientists suggests that the amount you gesture when telling a story has more to do with what you're saying than where you're from.
For humans to achieve accurate speech recognition and communicate with one another, the auditory system must recognize distinct categories of sounds - such as words - from a continuous incoming stream of sounds. This task becomes complicated when considering the variability in sounds produced by individuals with different accents, pitches, or intonations. In a Nature Communications paper, University of Pittsburgh researchers detail a computational model that explores how the auditory system tackles this complex task.
New research suggests that targeted use of behavioural 'nudges' can encourage people to conserve water. Researchers at the University of East Anglia (UEA) found that rather than giving people general information about the importance of saving water, emphasising the water conserving actions of others in the same social group -- for example university students or local residents -- encourages similar behaviour changes and reduces water demand.
In a paper presented at the 2018 Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NeurIPS), researchers from The University of Texas at Austin described the results of experiments that used artificial neural networks to predict with greater accuracy than ever before how different areas in the brain respond to specific words. The work employed a type of recurrent neural network called long short-term memory (LSTM) that includes in its calculations the relationships of each word to what came before to better preserve context.