Traffic accidents are the leading cause of non-natural deaths worldwide. Lower speed limits may help prevent accidents. But speed-reduction policies can be controversial and effects are not well documented. A new study from University of Illinois shows that speed reductions in São Paulo, Brazil, dramatically reduced fatal accidents and increased travel times only minimally.
Possible outcomes of the COVID-19 pandemic on low- and middle-income countries are described.
A study led by the University of Kent's Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE) has found significant differences in disease risk perception and channels of information about Ebola virus disease (EVD) in rural areas and urban centres of Guinea, West Africa.
A UN report says 184 GW of clean power capacity was added in 2019, a 20 GW jump from the 164 GW added in 2018. However, the 12% increase in renewable GWs last year was delivered at roughly the same investment level as 2018: US$282.2 billion, demonstrating falling costs of renewables. New non-hydro renewable power currently foreseen through 2030: 826 GW; needed to get on track to Paris Agreement goals: ~ 3,000 more GW.
Cambridge-led modelling looks at population-level facemask use. The more people use facemasks in public, the smaller the 'R'. Even basic homemade masks significantly reduce transmission at a population level. Researchers call for information campaigns -- 'my mask protects you, your mask protects me' -- that encourage the making and wearing of facemasks.
An international team of scientists has said the artificial structures and reclaimed land that are now commonplace in coastal urban areas all over the world are often poor surrogates for the natural environment they replace.
Oncology pharmacy practitioners around the globe are fighting to provide cancer patients high quality cancer care with increasingly limited and sometimes restricted personal protective equipment supply as well as impaired access to essential anticancer medication, according to University of California, Irvine-led study.
Most cervical cancers are caused by persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV). Different vaccines are available to protect against HPV. Researchers at Dartmouth's and Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center have shown a very different prevalence of hrHPV in Honduras compared to the United States, and concluded that the same vaccination programs that target hrHPV strains in the U.S. may not be as effective in protecting women in other countries from the disease.
international team of researchers investigates the earliest humans in Central America and how they adapted over time to new and changing environments, and how those changes have affected human life histories and societies.
A study in the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP), published by Elsevier, reports that many of the former child soldiers of Sierra Leone have been accepted by their families and communities as they try to overcome their childhood trauma, according to a team led by Boston College School of Social Work Salem Professor in Global Practice, Theresa S. Betancourt.