Army scientists proved a decades-old prediction that mixing TNT and novel aluminum nanoparticles can significantly enhance energetic performance. This explosive discovery is expected to extend the reach of US Army firepower in battle.
The challenges of preventing, mitigating, and adapting to largescale political violence are daunting, particularly when violence escalates where it is not expected. With funding from the European Research Council, ViEWS: a political Violence Early-Warning System at Uppsala University, is developing a system that is rigorous, data-based, and publicly available to researchers and the international community. On June 7, ViEWS released its first public forecasts for Africa.
State laws that require gun purchasers to obtain a license contingent on passing a background check performed by state or local law enforcement are associated with a 14 percent reduction in firearm homicides in large, urban counties.
A major new study appearing in PLOS Biology on May 31 examines more than a century of fungal pathogens, finding well-aimed biosecurity measures cut the spread of unwanted fungi into a nation, even in the face of increased globalized trade.
Hunting with lead shot is highly restricted or entirely banned in many countries due to the danger of poisoning birds and environment. However, alternative ammunition is not without its own risks, as was discovered in a study conducted by a team of researchers from the Technical University of Munich.
Researchers at Rutgers School of Nursing have found that children who participate in gun safety programs do not retain the skills they learned and that most still will approach a firearm in an unsupervised setting. While confirming that such programs are still essential, they stress that parents are the front line of defense when it comes to safeguarding their children from accidental shootings -- and that they cannot rely on safety training alone.
Mortality rates were higher during the nine months of military liberation of Mosul, Iraq, than during the 29 months of exclusive Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) control, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The population-based survey demonstrated that high mortality rates resulted from the military offensive despite the use of modern precision-targeted ordnance.
North Korea's Sept. 3, 2017, underground nuclear test -- it's latest and biggest -- created a 5.2 magnitude earthquake and 4.5 magnitude aftershock. Researchers from Singapore, UC Berkeley, Germany and China combined synthetic aperture radar with seismic measurements to determine that the explosion pushed the mountain surface outward up to 11 feet and left it 20 inches shorter, probably after cavity collapse and subsequent compression of fractured rock. The aftershock may have been a tunnel collapse.
The contribution of economic, social and cultural rights to sustaining global peace is largely overlooked within new developments to tackle violent conflict, says new research led by Lancaster University.
Surfaces that repel water can support efficient boiling if all air and vapor is removed from a system first, according to research featured on the cover of the most recent issue of Physical Review Letters.