Imaging artifacts discovered in high-resolution electron microscopes may impact development of next-generation electronic devices.
Scientists at Osaka University have created magnetized-plasma conditions similar to those near a black hole using very intense laser pulses. This work may help show how X-rays can be produced by astronomical objects.
PPPL scientists have found that electrical currents can form in ways not known before. The novel findings could give researchers greater ability to bring the fusion energy that drives the sun and stars to Earth.
Prof. LIU Jian from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and his collaborators proposed a nano-confinement strategy to host multiple Fe and Cu single atoms inside the extremely narrow yet regular surface cavities of graphitic carbon nitride to form 'sub-nanometer reactors'.
Spectroscopy is an important tool of observation in many areas of science and industry. Infrared spectroscopy is especially important in the world of chemistry where it is used to analyze and identify different molecules. The current state-of-the-art method can make approximately 1 million observations per second. UTokyo researchers have greatly surpassed this figure with a new method about 100 times faster.
A research group led by Dr. LI Guangyuan from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences has found that nanohemisphere arrays can significantly improve the quality factors of surface lattice resonances.
In a paper in Physical Review D, a University of California, Irvine-led team reports that - through an analysis of the Fermi data and an exhaustive series of modeling exercises - they were able to determine that an observed excess of gamma rays could not have been produced by what are called weakly interacting massive particles, most popularly theorized as the stuff of dark matter.
During experiments on high-performance Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM) researchers from Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) produced a metal with unique ductility. The ductility is three times higher than specified in the standard. The research results were published in a prestigious journal - "Materials & Design".
Radiation from natural sources in the environment can limit the performance of superconducting quantum bits, known as qubits. The discovery has implications for quantum computing and for the search for dark matter.
Information can successfully be transmitted through noisy channels using quantum mechanics, according to new research from The University of Queensland and Griffith University. We all know it's impossible to take a picture through thick smoke or fog--physicists would say, 'it's impossible to send information through a completely noisy channel'.