Pictures of the earth's water cycle used in education and research throughout the world are in urgent need of updating to show the effects of human interference, according to new analysis by an international team of hydrology experts.
Why did a giant hole appear in the sea ice off Antarctica in 2016 and 2017, after decades of more typical sea ice cover? Years of Southern Ocean data have explained the phenomenon, helping oceanographers to better predict these features and study their role in global ocean cycles.
Trichoplax, one of the simplest animals on Earth, lives in a highly specific and intimate symbiosis with two types of bacteria. One, Grellia, is related to parasitic bacteria that cause typhus and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. However, it does not appear to harm Trichoplax. The other, Ruthmannia, sits inside the cells Trichoplax uses to digest its food. This symbiosis provides a window into microbial dark matter. The study is published in Nature Microbiology.
The vast subtropical 'gyres' -- large systems of rotating currents in the middle of the oceans -- cover 40% of the Earth's surface and have long been considered biological deserts with stratified waters that contain very little nutrients to sustain life.
Drone surveys have revealed extreme erosion on the Arctic coastline, highlight the ongoing change in the region in a warming climate.
Coral reef experts from around the world are calling for an urgent re-evaluation of our climate goals in the light of increasing evidence of unprecedented speed of change to these fragile ecosystems.
A new study led by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and Swansea University Medical School furthers our knowledge of viruses -- in the sea and on land -- and their potential to cause life-threatening illnesses. Their findings, which examine newly-identified genes carried by mysterious 'giant' viruses, could represent potential new drug targets for giant viruses linked to human diseases. The work published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A new study suggests vents in the seafloor may affect life near the ocean's surface and the global carbon cycle more than previously thought. It's the first to show how iron rising from beneath Earth's crust stimulates massive phytoplankton blooms.
When hurricanes strike, electricity loss ranks as one of the top concerns. New work, described in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, looks to develop a strategy for how floating devices that harness the energy of ocean waves might be able to provide this much needed aid. Researchers are studying a new approach to supplying electricity that potentially provides a way of optimizing recovery efforts and poses questions about how relief is currently conducted.
Researchers at The Ohio State University have created high-resolution maps of points around the globe where groundwater meets the oceans -- the first such analysis of its kind, giving important data points to communities and conservationists to help protect both drinking water and the seas.