A new study analyzed close to 4,500 maize varieties to identify more than 1,000 genes driving large-scale adaptation to the environment.
New research finds that climate change will cause dramatic impacts in the world's fisheries, but with effective management most fisheries could yield more fish and more prosperity, even with a changing climate. Relative to today, this preliminary research illustrates that effective management reforms can lead, globally, to a nearly 90 percent increase in profits, a third more fish in the water and a more than 10 percent increase in harvest by 2100 in the face of climate change.
How do you redeem a place like Gitmo, the notorious US military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba? Reboot the naval base and detainee center as a cutting-edge marine research lab and peace park, says Joe Roman, a conservation biologist at the University of Vermont (UVM).
New research from scientists and economists at the University of California Santa Barbara, Oregon State University and Environmental Defense Fund identifies the dramatic future impacts of climate change on the world's fisheries and how fishing reforms are vital to sustaining the global seafood supply. Even in the face of climate change, the research (to be released at the AAAS meeting on Feb. 18) finds that the total amount of fish in the oceans globally and fishing profits would increase significantly through effective management.
What looks like a caterpillar chewing on a leaf or a beetle consuming fruit is likely a three-way battle that benefits most, if not all of the players involved, according to a Penn State entomologist.
Plant specimens stored in herbaria are being used to explore important ecological questions. In a recent study, researchers at Brown University show the effectiveness of herbarium specimens of herbaceous plants to track changes in heavy metal concentrations over time. The study compares concentrations of copper, lead, and zinc in specimens collected around Providence, RI, from 1846 to 1916, and compares these levels to plants collected from the same areas in 2015.
New research provides compelling evidence that a group of strange-looking fish living near the mouth of the Congo River are evolving due to the intense hydraulics of the river's rapids and deep canyons. The study reveals that fishes in this part of the river live in 'neighborhoods' that are separated from one another by the waters' turbulent flow.
UC Davis animal scientist Alison Van Eenennaam says that gene editing -- following in the footsteps of traditional breeding -- has tremendous potential to boost the sustainability of livestock production, while also enhancing food-animal health and welfare.
Cuba has some of the healthiest coastal ecosystems in the Caribbean, with largely intact coastal mangroves and many of the best coral reefs in the region. The normalization of relations between the United States and Cuba is expected to increase pressures on these systems while also providing new opportunities for collaborative science between the two countries.
The ability of small intestine cells to absorb nutrients and act as a barrier to pathogens is 'significantly decreased' after chronic exposure to nanoparticles of titanium dioxide, a common food additive found in everything from chewing gum to bread, according to research from Binghamton University, State University of New York.