Scientitsts from MIPT have developed a technique which can control the growth of plants. They decided to try pollen tubes, which compared to seeds germinate much more quickly (2 hours instead of weeks). Knowing the compounds that influence the rate of plants development will enable biotechnologists to selectively inhibit the growth of pests and promote the growth of crops.
Global food demand is expected to grow by 110 percent over the next 30 to 35 years, and for many of the poorest people on the planet, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, cassava is the most important source of calories. Cassava is also important as a crop that is resistant to climate change, but it has not received the same amount of attention as other staple food crops.
Better nutrition can have a lot to do with the transition to democracy: the more protein-rich, high-quality foods appear in a society's diet, the higher the likelihood of democratic reforms.
When caterpillars attack, corn plants release volatile scent compounds, called terpenes, that attract parasitic wasps, whose larvae consume the caterpillar from the inside out. Not all corn varieties are equally effective at making terpenes, so researchers identified the genes responsible, so that breeders can create varieties of more caterpillar-resistant corn.
Researchers have identified the most effective ways for various Midwest states to partner and share resources in order to increase the amount of renewable energy they produce through burning woody biomass, which is recognized as a carbon neutral source of energy.
Scientists are surveying the continuing aftermath of the worst coral bleaching event ever recorded on the Great Barrier Reef.
Some fish species are adapting to survive environmental changes without significant genetic evolution, according to research from the University of East Anglia and Dalhousie University, Canada. Such changes mean species threatened by climate change may find ways to adapt far quicker than through changes in DNA, which come with evolution.
Researchers have found Mendel's Stay-Green gene encodes an enzyme that extracts magnesium from chlorophyll, adding clarity to understanding how the pigment degrades.
Drought is the most important cause of reduced plant growth and crop yield, which makes insights into plant's drought response highly valuable to agriculture. A team of VIB, UGhent researchers set out to shed more light on this vital topic through a research initiative led by Dirk Inzé. The study provided major insights into how plants cope with water-limiting conditions, which can direct advanced breeding and genome engineering efforts to create high-performing, drought-tolerant crop plants.
In the West, wildfires have traditionally been suppressed to prevent them from getting out of control. But for 40 years in one watershed in Yosemite National Park, most natural fires have been left to burn. A UC Berkeley study shows that the strategy created a landscape more resistant to catastrophic fire, with more diverse vegetation and forest structure and increased water storage, mostly in the form of meadows in areas cleared by fires.