Turning meadow restoration into cleaner air is the goal of researchers at the University of Nevada, Reno. Their Soil Science Laboratory recently partnered with the Earthwatch Institute to better understand how restoration and plant communities relate to the soil carbon in Sierra Nevada mountain meadows. The team aims to develop a model that can predict how much carbon is sequestered in a meadow. The data may be used by the State of California to sell carbon credits through their Cap and Trade program.
MIT Prof. Tavneet Suri is co-author of a new paper showing that mobile-money services have had notable long-term effects on poverty reduction in Kenya -- especially among female-headed households -- and have inspired a surprising occupation shift among women. Published in today's issue of Science, the study estimates that, since 2008, access to mobile-money services increased daily per capita consumption levels of 194,000 -- or 2 percent -- of Kenyan households, lifting them out of extreme poverty.
A new study found that traditional bullets for muzzleloading rifles and black powder rifle cartridges fragment less upon impact and may leave far fewer lead fragments in game than a modern high-velocity rifle bullet.
One of the most sophisticated networks of acoustic detectors ever developed for wildlife science has documented a devastating 34 percent per year decline of Mexico's critically endangered vaquita porpoise, according to a new study published today in the journal Conservation Biology. A companion paper published today in Conservation Letters uses both acoustic and visual surveys to estimate that only about 60 vaquitas remained, as of last year.
Researchers create a global map of soil pH and illuminate how it changes between wet and dry climates.
The 2016 Ocean Health Index shows no major declines -- and few real improvements.
Tiny predators in the soil can literally sniff out their prey: soil bacteria, which communicate with each other using scent. A team of researchers from the Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW) has discovered that these predators -- called protists - 'eavesdrop' on the bacteria's communication. It's a discovery that opens up perspectives for agriculture. The results are available online this month in The ISME Journal, from the publishers of Nature.
When escaping from attacking predators, different water strider species adjust their jump performance to their mass and morphology in order to jump off the water as fast and soon as possible without breaking of the water surface.
Most animals we study have adult-like bodies early in their development. But researchers at Stanford's Hopkins Marine Station have found that certain marine worms live for months as little more than a head.
When it comes to second generation biofuels, Washington State University research shows that consumers are willing to pay a premium of approximately 11 percent over conventional fuel.