Researchers from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have invented a novel live-cell imaging method that could someday help biologists better understand how stem cells transform into specialized cells and how diseases like cancer spread. The Photonic Crystal Enhanced Microscope (PCEM) is capable of monitoring and quantitatively measuring cell adhesion, a critical process involved cell migration, cell differentiation, cell division, and cell death.
Weed scientists in at least two Midwestern states have been reporting for years that a conservation program meant to provide habitat for pollinating insects is sowing bad seeds -- including seeds of the potentially devastating agricultural weed Palmer amaranth -- along with the good. Now, researchers at the University of Illinois have traced the weed seeds to at least one source: pollinator habitat seed sold by a company in the Midwest.
Living in deep reefs in the Atlantic Ocean, the banded basslet has long been thought to undergo significant changes during its growth into an adult. Recently, however, American scientists figured out that the 'juveniles' were in fact a new species. In a paper in the open access journal ZooKeys, they describe two new basslet species discovered in the Caribbean off the southern coast of Curaçao as part of the Smithsonian's DROP Project.
The increasingly popular subject of raw diffraction data deposition is examined in a Topical Review in IUCrJ.
In a new study, researchers have modified a rabies virus, so that it has a protein from the MERS virus; this altered virus works as a 2-for-1 vaccine that protects mice against both Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and rabies.
Two genetic mutations known to play a role in many solid cancers might also help explain why a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients develop the disease.
Soil, an important part of the carbon cycle, might compound the world's carbon dioxide problem, according to a global study in Nature involving Kansas State University researchers and Konza Prairie Biological Station.
Bco1, an enzyme that metabolizes beta carotene, may play a vital role in testosterone metabolism as well, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Illinois.
When it comes to coral health, superoxide -- a natural toxin all oxygen-breathing organisms produce -- gets a bad rap.
Neurons generated at different life stages in mice can impact aspects of their olfactory sense and behavior.