Engineers at the University of California, Riverside have developed a new way to recover almost 100 percent of the water from highly concentrated salt solutions. The system will alleviate water shortages in arid regions and reduce concerns surrounding high salinity brine disposal, such as hydraulic fracturing waste.
ICFO develops the first graphene-based camera, capable of imaging visible and infrared light at the same time. The camera will be useful for many applications such as night vision, food inspection, fire control, vision under extreme weather conditions, among others. The imaging system is based on the first monolithic integration of graphene and quantum dot photodetectors with a CMOS read-out integrated circuit. This allows for low-cost mass-production.
A University of Utah-led team has discovered that a class of 'miracle materials"'called organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites could be a game changer for future spintronic devices that use the direction of the electron spin -- either up or down -- to carry information in 1s and 0s. The researchers discovered that the perovskites possess two contradictory properties necessary to make spintronic devices work.
The quest to develop a cure for HIV has long been plagued by a seemingly simple question: how do doctors determine if someone is cured? The virus has a knack for lying dormant in immune cells at levels undetectable to all but the most expensive and time-consuming tests. Pitt Public Health scientists have created a test sensitive enough to detect 'hidden' HIV, and yet is faster, less labor-intensive and less expensive than the current 'gold standard' test.
Scientists from Western University and the University of Portsmouth are using new imaging techniques to measure the atomic nanostructure of ancient crystal fragments at meteorite impact sites. The end goal? To understand when impacts ended and life began.
MIT engineers have uncovered the secret to the exceptional toughness of conch shells, and say the same principles can be used for body armor and helmets.
Melanoma is a particularly difficult cancer to treat once it has metastasized, spreading throughout the body. University of Illinois researchers are using chemistry to find the deadly, elusive malignant cells within a melanoma tumor that hold the potential to spread. Once found, the stemlike metastatic cells can be cultured and screened for their response to a variety of anti-cancer drugs, providing the patient with an individualized treatment plan based on their own cells.
A large new study based on Medicaid data identifies a clear trend of people staying on their HIV medications longer than they used to.
Newly discovered notes show for the first time the Venetian doctor who invented the thermometer and helped lay the foundations for modern medical treatment also played a key role in shaping our understanding of chemistry.
The world's highest gain high power laser amplifier -- by many orders of magnitude -- has been developed in research led at the University of Strathclyde.