Scientists have discovered how a unique bacterial enzyme can blunt the body's key weapons in its fight against infection.
Magnetic nanoparticles are coated with an antibody, then aligned in formation within a magnetic field and tallied under laser optics. The result could lead to speedy diagnoses for infectious diseases.
Administering chemotherapy to African-American breast cancer patients prior to surgery could improve their prognosis and survival rates from the disease, according to a new study.
San Francisco State astronomer Stephen Kane and a team of researchers locate the habitable zone, the region where water could exist on the surface of a planet, on the Wolf 1061, a planetary system that's 14 light years away.
Scientists at Rice University and Kazan Federal University in Russia have developed inexpensive, oxidized carbon particles that extract radioactive metals from water. They said their materials may help purify contaminated waters stored after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident.
As cells age and stop dividing, their fat content changes, along with the way they produce and break down fat and other molecules classified as lipids. By providing broad insights into the connection between lipids and cellular aging, the findings open the door for additional research that could support the development of lipid-based approaches to preventing cell death or hastening it in cancerous tumors.
A recent study conducted by researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at the University of Illinois and the Department of Chemistry at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln has demonstrated the first important step toward integrating atomically precise graphene nanoribbons (APGNRs) onto nonmetallic substrates. The paper, 'Solution-Synthesized Chevron Graphene Nanoribbons Exfoliated onto H:Si(100),' was published in Nano Letters.
Researchers at Princeton, Yale, and the University of Zurich have proposed a theory-based approach to characterize a class of metals that possess exotic electronic properties that could help scientists find other, similarly-endowed materials.
The multinational BASE collaboration at CERN has set a new benchmark in the search for a small difference between a particle and its antiparticle that could explain why matter actually exists by successfully measuring an important characteristic of the antiproton with the greatest accuracy ever achieved.
The ability to dispose of proteins that are either aberrant or (in the worst case) toxic is fundamental to a cell's survival. Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin have been able to demonstrate the manner in which two specific proteins recognize defective messenger RNAs (molecules that carry the 'assembly instructions' for protein synthesis) and trigger their destruction. Results from this study have been published in the current issue of the journal Nature Communications.