Infections caused by a type of bacteria resistant to multiple antibiotics are occurring more frequently in US children and are associated with longer hospital stays and a trend towards greater risk of death, according to a new study published in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.
Malnutrition manifests itself as both over- and under-nutrition, and is currently not diagnosed and treated in time. It leads to serious health problems, including the estimated 60 percent of cardiovascular deaths. Maurizio Muscaritoli, researcher at the Italian Federation of Nutritional Societies and his colleagues suggest that an accurate training of healthcare professionals may be at the heart of solving this problem.
MS patients are three to six times more likely to develop seizures. Using a mouse model, a team of scientists at the University of California, Riverside has found for the first time that chronic demyelination is closely linked to, and is likely the cause of, these seizures.
Researchers have found that teacher ratings of parental involvement early in a child's academic career can accurately predict the child's academic and social success.
Many of the toughest decisions faced by cancer patients involve knowing how to use numbers -- calculating risks, evaluating treatment options and figuring odds of medication side effects. But for patients who aren't good at math, decision science research can offer evidence-based advice on how to assess numeric information and ask the right questions to make informed choices.
Can statistics increase the value of science to society? Georgetown University's Rochelle Tractenberg, chair of the Committee on Professional Ethics of the American Statistical Association, will discuss 'Promoting Ethical Science and Policy With Ethical Statistical Practice' on a panel presenting three disciplinary perspectives on Sunday, Feb. 19, from 8 to 9:30 a.m. at the AAAS 2017 Annual Meeting in Boston.
Researchers analyzed 15 policy decisions worldwide, with outcomes ranging from new coastal preservation laws to improved species protections, to produce the first quantitative analysis of how environmental knowledge impacts the attitudes and decisions of conservation policymakers.
Melissa Lewis, Ph.D., assistant professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the MU School of Medicine, led the first project in the nation to develop a mandatory medical school curriculum about indigenous health.
Plant specimens stored in herbaria are being used to explore important ecological questions. In a recent study, researchers at Brown University show the effectiveness of herbarium specimens of herbaceous plants to track changes in heavy metal concentrations over time. The study compares concentrations of copper, lead, and zinc in specimens collected around Providence, RI, from 1846 to 1916, and compares these levels to plants collected from the same areas in 2015.
Verbal recognition of performance works, but perhaps in a somewhat unexpected way: Recognition motivates individuals who were not praised rather than those in the limelight. This is the message of a recent study done by Nick Zubanov, a professor of business economics at the University of Konstanz, and Nicky Hoogveld from the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, which is forthcoming in the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics.