Harvard researchers demonstrate a technique to grow any target shape from any starting shape.
Rochester Institute of Technology played a significant role in the breakthrough discovery of colliding neutron stars, cosmic collision detected in gravitational waves and in light. "We can probably account for all the gold that has ever been made," said Richard O'Shaughnessy from RIT's Center for Computational Relativity and Gravitation. "We know how often neutron stars merge and can predict how much of the radioactive material they eject. We can predict how much gold they make."
A study by an international consortium of scientists reached a major milestone in establishing a baseline understanding of gene expression across healthy human tissues, and linking genes to disease.
Berkeley Lab researchers contributed key algorithms which helped scientists achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago -- using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3-D structure of important biological objects.
When using the special communication mode known as baby talk or 'motherese,' mothers change their vocal timbre in quantifiable ways, say Princeton researchers who identified the timbre shift and trained a computer to identify baby talk with only a one-second audio clip.
Engineers at MIT have developed a new model to simulate dynamic soaring, and have used it to identify the optimal flight pattern that an albatross should take in order to harvest the most wind and energy. They found that as an albatross banks or turns to dive down and soar up, it should do so in shallow arcs, keeping almost to a straight, forward trajectory.
Producing more precise county-level estimates of crops and farmland cash rents will require integrating multiple data sources using model-based predictions that are more transparent and reproducible, says a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The report provides a vision of how the National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) can accomplish this.
In the U.S. today, the majority of professional stock market traders are young males and new evidence suggests biology strongly influences their trading behavior. According to a new study in the INFORMS journal Management Science, this could be a significant contributor to fluctuations in the market, as high testosterone levels can cause these traders to overestimate future stock values and change their trading behavior, leading to dangerous prices bubbles and subsequent crashes.
A study in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science investigated whether the calorie posting on menus impacts consumer evaluations of the restaurant. The study finds that health mentions about the foods increased significantly in online reviews after calorie posting. The result suggests that calorie posting can not only shift consumers towards healthier alternatives when inside a restaurant, but can also impact other customers reading the reviews by redirecting them towards healthier restaurants and food items.
Northwestern University data scientists and seismologists could potentially forecast strong earthquakes through algorithms designed to detect and monitor 'deep tremor.'