In the present paper, the concept of 'situation' translates into one of a 'stochastic environment', and three levels of information are systematically studied (minimum, sequential, maximum).
New research by the University of Kent, Butterfly Conservation and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology shows that citizen scientists can play a role in gathering meaningful information to inform long-term monitoring of biodiversity trends such as butterfly population change.
Hokkaido University scientists has developed a new mathematical model which accurately forecast that a devastating cholera epidemic in Yemen would peak by early July, the 26th week of 2017 and the cumulative incidence would be the order of 700-800 thousand cases.
University of Leicester research suggests that greater access to higher education can influence political outcomes.
With the number of security breaches and cyber-attacks on the rise, cyber-security experts may soon have a new tool in the fight against online threats. Patrick Rubin-Delanchy, Heilbronn Research Fellow in Statistics at the University of Oxford, will present a new statistical method for monitoring networks to automatically detect 'strange behavior' and ultimately prevent intrusion on Monday, July 31, at the 2017 Joint Statistical Meetings.
Seemingly any behavior can be 'gamified' and awarded digital points these days, from tracking the steps you've walked to the online purchases you've made and even the chores you've completed. Tracking behavior in this way helps to spur further action and new research shows that even meaningless scores can serve as effective motivators, as long as those scores are accelerating. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.
Cancer scientists overestimate the extent to which high-profile preclinical studies can be successfully replicated, new research publishing June 29 in the open access journal PLOS Biology by Jonathan Kimmelman and colleagues from McGill University suggests.
For the first time, the world's largest plastic surgery organization is tracking national statistics on gender confirmation surgeries. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons found a nearly 20 percent increase in these surgeries in just the first year of reporting. In 2016, more than 3,200 surgeries were performed to help transgender patients feel more like themselves.
Brown University computer scientists have shown a new way to help prevent users of data exploration software from making false discoveries.
New big-data analytics by a City College of New York-led team suggests that both an individual's economic status and how they are likely to react to issues and policies can be inferred by their position in social networks. The study could be useful in maximizing the effects of large-scale economic stimulus policies.