The shift from film to digital technology appears to have improved cancer detection rates for diagnostic mammography, but also has increased the abnormal interpretation rate, which may lead to more women undergoing biopsies for benign conditions, according to a new study.
A task force commissioned in 2016 by former U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz has proposed a framework for evaluating R&D on recycling carbon dioxide and removing large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere. The goal is to produce a global emissions reduction of at least 1 billion tons of CO2 per year.
Some fruit flies build up tolerance to the toxin alpha-amanitin; the genetic mechanisms behind this adaptation link to an important metabolic pathway. A team from Michigan Technological University used genome-wide association mapping to draw the connections for 180 fruit fly lines.
Light beamed into a patient's blood through an optical fiber can determine whether blood is clotting during an operation, continuously and in real time. Researchers believe it could take the place of traditional blood tests in some situations and have myriad healthcare applications.
A team of MIT biological engineers has developed a method to measure levels of heme, a critical iron-containing molecule, inside the parasite that causes malaria. This could eventually help scientists develop better drugs to combat the disease.
A new study suggests that civic engagement, in the form of community-based 'Change Clubs,' engages Black/African American women to address nutrition and exercise concerns in their community and motivates them to change their individual behaviors, which may improve heart health.
Lack of exercise and excessive weight are strongly associated with a type of heart failure that has a particularly poor prognosis, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers determined in an analysis of data from three large studies.
New light on a key factor involved in diseases such as Parkinson's disease, gastric cancer and melanoma has been cast through latest University of Otago, New Zealand, research carried out in collaboration with Australian scientists.
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at UC San Diego are running a Diabetes Intensive Medical Management (DIMM) 'tune up' clinic for complex type 2 diabetes patients. In a study published in the March 2017 issue of the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy, the researchers report the clinic's economic benefits, which include an estimated cost avoidance of $5,287 per DIMM clinic patient over three years.
The risk of acute myocardial infarction for the elderly living in and around small cities is increased by air pollution caused by biomass burning from woodstoves.