Scientists have long known that RNA encodes instructions to make proteins. The building blocks that comprise RNA--A, U, C, and Gs--form a blueprint for the protein-making machinery in cells. In a new study published in Nature, scientists describe how the protein-making machinery identifies alternative initiation sites from which to start protein synthesis.
As allergy season intensifies, many people are cursing pollen -- the powdery substance released by plants for reproduction. However, pollen may serve a purpose beyond making new plants and triggering sneezes. In ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, researchers report a new method for cleaning out the insides of pollen grains so that the non-allergenic shells can be used to carry medicines or vaccines into the human body.
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have found a nanobody that holds promise to advance targeted therapies for a number of neurological diseases and cancer.
A pioneering study has found carers who turned to medicinal cannabis to treat children with epilepsy overwhelmingly (75 percent) considered the extracts as 'effective.' Contrary to parental expectations, extracts tested by the University of Sydney's Lambert Initiative generally contained low doses of cannabidiol (CBD) -- commonly considered to be a key therapeutic element and that has been successfully used in recent clinical trials to treat epilepsy.
A majority of Australian GPs support medicinal cannabis being available on prescription, with their preferred 'access model' involving trained general practitioners prescribing independently of specialists, a national survey published in the British Medical Journal Open today reveals. The majority (61.5 percent of GPs) had received at least one patient inquiry about medicinal cannabis in the past three months but fewer than one in 10 knew how to navigate the bureaucratic processes involved in its prescription.
New research published in The Journal of Pediatrics finds 49 percent out of 1,167 surveyed participants of parents of children with Down syndrome give or have given supplements to their children in an effort to improve their health outcomes, including speech, immune function, attention, focus and cognitive ability.
Since 2003, the use of alternative medicines among children has doubled. An increased use of omega-3 fatty acids and melatonin among adolescents ages 13 to 18 as the primary driver of the change.
A team led by Massachusetts General Hospital investigators has identified specific effects that relaxation response training and mindfulness meditation have within the brain.
A breast cancer patient dealing with anxiety, depression or mood swings could soon be encouraged by her oncologist to learn meditation techniques, join a yoga class or put music to therapeutic use. Today, The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), published its endorsement of integrative therapy guidelines recently established by the Society for Integrative Oncology (SIO).
Rats immunized weekly for three weeks with beneficial bacteria showed increased levels of anti-inflammatory proteins in the brain, more resilience to the physical effects of stress, and less anxiety-like behavior. If replicated in humans, researchers say the findings could lead to novel microbiome-based immunizations for mood disorders like anxiety and PTSD.