A new study shows that climbing mortality rates of middle-aged white people were associated with many counties voting Republican in the 2016 presidential election.
Researchers at the University of Connecticut, University of Exeter, University of Wisconsin and University of Iowa studied 389,166 volunteers who gave DNA samples to the UK Biobank, US Health and Retirement Study and the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study. In addition to confirming the eight genetic variants that had already been linked to longevity, this study found 17 more to expand the list of known variants affecting lifespan to 25 genes, with some sex-specific.
Research has shown that better communication around assisted dying is needed between clinician and patients diagnosed with Huntington's disease. This is the first study in the UK (where assisted dying is illegal) into the attitudes of people with the condition, which usually leads to dementia and inability to coordinate movement. Because it is inherited, people with a diagnosis will often have witnessed the suffering of a parent.
About 15 million Americans will have either Alzheimer's dementia or mild cognitive impairment by 2060, up from approximately 6.08 million this year. The findings highlight the need to develop preventive measures that could slow the progression of the disease in at risk for Alzheimer's dementia.
A new study by NYU College of Global Public Health and the University of Michigan finds that the 'obesity paradox' is not present among people with new cases of cardiovascular disease.
In 2016, a federal report found that the Missouri Quality Initiative for Nursing Homes (MOQI) reduced potentially avoidable hospitalizations by 48 percent and reduced hospitalizations from all causes by 33 percent. This reduced total Medicare expenses by $1,376 per person, saving 33 percent of the costs of all-cause hospitalizations and 40 percent of potentially avoidable hospitalizations.
Researchers from The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice and the University of Pittsburgh used a simulated patient encounter describing a man in his late 70's with metastatic cancer to study the decision-making process of 73 hospital-based physicians at three major academic mental centers. The researchers found that the mental model of doctors who provided treatment that wasn't aligned with the critically and terminally ill older patients' preferences differed in three key ways.
Researchers from the Biogerontology Research Foundation, Insilico Medicine , Life Extension and other institutions announce the publication of a landmark study in the journal Aging on the identification of natural mimetics of metformin and rapamycin.
The lifespans of flies and worms are prolonged by limiting the activity of an enzyme common to all animals, finds a UCL-led study. The enzyme -- RNA polymerase III (Pol III) -- is present in most cells across all animal species, including humans. While it is known to be essential for making proteins and for cell growth, its involvement in ageing was unexplored until now.
Waiting more than 24 hours to undergo hip fracture surgery may be associated with an increased risk of death and complications.