New discoveries about the most common form of the autoimmune disease lupus could improve diagnosis and treatment of the condition in black Africans.
A new study suggests that African-Americans may face a greater struggle to find effective therapies for atopic dermatitis than European-Americans. The study used molecular profiling to study the skin of both groups.
A team of researchers from Oslo University Hospital performed experiments on blood-deprived cells that were subsequently exposed to blood serum. Remarkably, all the cells started to move and grow in the same direction as soon as the blood serum was added. Researchers from Eindhoven University of Technology developed a matching simulation model, revealing new insights into the mechanisms of wound healing. The results were published in the journal Nature Communications this week.
An intradermal vaccine equipped with an immune response-boosting adjuvant protected ferrets and humans against one of the more lethal strains of pandemic flu, researchers report. Their approach represents the first adjuvanted vaccine designed for intradermal delivery, which, because it does not require immunization expertise could one day be sent through the mail for self-administration.
A new bacterial strain will be named after Cornwall following its identification from a skin infection.
A drug used to treat inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis and vasculitis as well as to prevent organ rejection in transplant patients has been identified as an important contributor to skin cancer development. The research, published in Nature Communications, identified a 'strong case for an association' between the drug azathioprine and the mutational signature found in cases of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC), a common form of skin cancer.
A new diagnostic tool is expected to result in better treatment of cancer that is difficult to diagnose. The tool was developed by cancer researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy and doctors at Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Sweden. Their study, which has been published in Oncology JCO Precision Oncology, started with a single cancer patient.
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common childhood viral infection that is most common in warmer summer months. A new International Journal of Dermatology review of published studies reveals a positive relationship between HFMD and temperature and humidity. No significant relationship was identified between HFMD and precipitation, wind speed, and/or sunshine.
Bee venom and its major component, melittin, may be effective treatments for atopic dermatitis (or eczema), according to a British Journal of Pharmacology study.
Disparities exist in the geographic distribution of dermatologists across the United States in this study of county-level data from 1995 to 2013. Although the dermatologist workforce increased during that time and dermatologist density increased more in rural and nonmetropolitan counties than metropolitan areas, the gap in dermatologist density between metropolitan and other areas widened. Researchers stress that correcting the dermatologist workforce disparity is important for patient care.